Draft resistance

In 1944 the government reinstated the draft for Japanese Americans after suspending it in 1942 and began drafting men directly from the camps. This action angered many. At Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, resistance took the form of an organized movement calling itself the Fair Play Committee. Members demanded that their rights as citizens be restored before enlisting in the military. Eventually, sixty-three men from Heart Mountain refused induction and were sentenced to prison terms for draft evasion. In the other camps, disparate individuals made the decision to resist the draft. After being unfairly incarcerated for almost two years, they saw the draft as the final injustice. Ultimately, 267 men from all the concentration camps were convicted of evading the draft and most served time in prison. President Truman pardoned all of the resisters in 1947.

Draft resistance (238)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Draft resistance, Frank Emi, Gordon Hirabayashi, No-No Boy (book)

238 items
Jim Akutsu Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-12-8)
vh Jim Akutsu Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-12-8)
Receiving the silent treatment from the Japanese American community postwar

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily ...

Paul Tsuneishi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-122-24-4)
vh Paul Tsuneishi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-122-24-4)
The postwar ostracization of the resisters

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding ...

Dave Kawamoto Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-122-9-10)
vh Dave Kawamoto Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-122-9-10)
Remembering the famous photograph of the Heart Mountain resisters on trial

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Yosh Kuromiya Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-122-8-6)
vh Yosh Kuromiya Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-122-8-6)
Feeling "betrayed" by the Japanese American Citizens League

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on ...

James Omura Interview I Segment 18 (ddr-densho-122-4-18)
vh James Omura Interview I Segment 18 (ddr-densho-122-4-18)
Standing trial for counseling draft evasion

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding ...

James Omura Interview I Segment 15 (ddr-densho-122-4-15)
vh James Omura Interview I Segment 15 (ddr-densho-122-4-15)
Being blocked from attending a meeting of the Heart Mountain Fair Play Committee leaders

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not ...

Frank Emi Interview I Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-5-7)
vh Frank Emi Interview I Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-5-7)
Description of Kiyoshi Okamoto, the founder of the Fair Play Committee

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Frank Emi Interview I Segment 9 (ddr-densho-122-5-9)
vh Frank Emi Interview I Segment 9 (ddr-densho-122-5-9)
Being interrogated after trying to get arrested as a test case

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Paul Tsuneishi Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-122-24-6)
vh Paul Tsuneishi Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-122-24-6)
Opinion of the Fair Play Committee and the resisters of conscience: "I have nothing but the highest respect for them"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews ...

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-10-8)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-10-8)
The influence of the Rocky Shimpo on decision to resist

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily ...

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-10-3)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-10-3)
Thoughts on the draft resistance trial and the JACL

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing ...

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-122-10-6)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-122-10-6)
The uniqueness of the draft resistance movement at Heart Mountain

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily ...

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-122-10-11)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-122-10-11)
Feelings about being overlooked as a resister

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues ...

Grace Kubota Ybarra Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-122-14-4)
vh Grace Kubota Ybarra Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-122-14-4)
Father's legacy as a resister: "I've never felt prouder of being his daughter"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life ...

Frank Emi Interview II Segment 10 (ddr-densho-122-20-10)
vh Frank Emi Interview II Segment 10 (ddr-densho-122-20-10)
Bolstered by public support from James Omura, editor of the Rocky Shimpo

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, ...

Art Hansen Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-122-23-27)
vh Art Hansen Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-122-23-27)
The resisters' story: "these people are well on their way to becoming ... recognizable American heroes"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are ...

Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-122-22-16)
vh Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-122-22-16)
The uniqueness of the organized resistance movement at Heart Mountain

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily ...

Takashi Hoshizaki Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-290-23)
vh Takashi Hoshizaki Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-290-23)
Attending meetings of the Fair Play Committee

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Ken Yoshida Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-428-13)
vh Ken Yoshida Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-428-13)
Serving sentence for draft resistance at a road camp

This interview is incomplete. It ends after the first hour of taping, when Mr. Yoshida is describing serving time at the road camp for resisting the draft. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any ...

Akio Hoshino Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-26-14)
vh Akio Hoshino Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-26-14)
Reflections on the decision to resist the draft, telling younger generation about experiences
Gene Akutsu Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-1-22)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-1-22)
Arriving at McNeil Island Penitentiary after resisting the draft: living conditions
Gene Akutsu Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-1-19)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-1-19)
Family's "stop order" status and restrictions on movement
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