442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1324)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1324 items
Panoramic view of Lecco, Italy (ddr-densho-201-302)
img Panoramic view of Lecco, Italy (ddr-densho-201-302)
Caption on front: "Lecco - Veduta panoramica [Lecco - panoramic view]." Caption in album: "July & Aug 1945 442nd & 100th took break in Lecco - went swimming - saw boxing and USO show in Milan."
Japanese American soldier walking with young Swiss woman (ddr-densho-201-261)
img Japanese American soldier walking with young Swiss woman (ddr-densho-201-261)
Japanese American soldier walking with young woman. Caption on front: "Jim, Fraulein."
Three Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-204)
img Three Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-204)
Three Japanese American soldiers posed in front of mountains with a boy in overalls in the background.
img "Fort Snelling Cooks" (ddr-densho-201-312)
Five men in cook's uniforms. Caption on front: "Fort Snelling Cooks."
doc "IRTC; I am a Doughboy" (ddr-densho-201-407)
Title on booklet cover: "IRTC; I am a Doughboy." Handwritten caption on front: "Camp Blanding, Florida." Includes instructional information, photographs, maps, filled-in forms, and signatures.
Man at U.S. Military Cemetery at Castelfiorentino, Italy (ddr-densho-201-34)
img Man at U.S. Military Cemetery at Castelfiorentino, Italy (ddr-densho-201-34)
Japanese American man posed next to a sign that reads "U.S. Military Cemetery at Castelfiorentino. Buried here are the honored dead. They deserve your respect and homage. Please be quiet! Do not walk in the cemetery when services are in progress. Pictures will not be taken. Do not touch any grave markers. Flowers are permitted."
img "Steak dinner chow line" (ddr-densho-201-143)
Soldiers in line for dinner. Caption on reverse: "Steak dinner chow line - at Camp Kilmer N.J. Sept. 14, 1946."
img "Satoshi Tsuchida" (ddr-densho-201-269)
Japanese American soldier resting a bayonet on the ground. Caption on front: "Satoshi Tsuchida."
Signed portrait of Japanese American soldier (ddr-densho-201-271)
img Signed portrait of Japanese American soldier (ddr-densho-201-271)
Signed portrait of Japanese American soldier. Signature on front: "To Mas-- a pal, John." Caption on front: "John Tanaka."
Soldier opening Christmas package (ddr-densho-201-374)
img Soldier opening Christmas package (ddr-densho-201-374)
Caption on front: "Xmas package sent by Tamura. Nampa Idaho 'Fukujim Sake [?]."
img "6673 Eng. G.S. Co." (ddr-densho-201-284)
Barbed wire fence. Caption on front: "6673 Eng. G.S. Co."
Soldiers playing basketball (ddr-densho-201-400)
img Soldiers playing basketball (ddr-densho-201-400)
Caption on front: "C. Co 100th Bn basketball court, Leghorn, Italy."