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442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (54)
Military service (570)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1523)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1523 items
Soldiers (ddr-densho-22-61)
img Soldiers (ddr-densho-22-61)
Caption in album: "T/5 Virgil Wistdal / T/4 Henry Sakaguchi / T/4."
Spark M. Matsunaga Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-3-8)
vh Spark M. Matsunaga Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-3-8)
Observing differences between Japanese Americans from Hawaii and the mainland during training

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the ...

Ernest Uno Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1007-7-11)
vh Ernest Uno Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1007-7-11)
Reuniting with parents after military service

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Spark M. Matsunaga Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1007-3-3)
vh Spark M. Matsunaga Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1007-3-3)
General Mark Clark's feelings towards the Japanese Americans in the 100th Battalion

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the ...

Ernest Uno Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1007-7-5)
vh Ernest Uno Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1007-7-5)
Having surgery in camp in order to be enlisted in the army

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the ...

Ernest Uno Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-7-7)
vh Ernest Uno Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-7-7)
The spirit and camaraderie of the soldiers in the 442nd Regimental Combat Team

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of ...

Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1007-6-4)
vh Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1007-6-4)
Devising pranks during basic training to relieve pressure (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of ...

Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1007-6-5)
vh Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1007-6-5)
Getting along with soldiers from Hawaii (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-6-7)
vh Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-6-7)
First meeting Japanese Americans from the West Coast and Hawaii (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the ...

Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1007-6-6)
vh Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1007-6-6)
Memories of the journey to Europe by sea (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of ...

Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-6-8)
vh Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-6-8)
Describing the character of the Nisei soldiers (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the ...

James Lovell Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1007-12-2)
vh James Lovell Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1007-12-2)
Witnessing the reactions of white officers to an all-Japanese American unit (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of ...

James Lovell Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1007-12-4)
vh James Lovell Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1007-12-4)
The importance of sharing the story of the 100th Battalion (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the ...

James Lovell Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1007-12-5)
vh James Lovell Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1007-12-5)
Being asked to take part in a questionable project involving Nisei soldiers (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views ...

James Lovell Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1007-12-3)
vh James Lovell Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1007-12-3)
Response to accusations that the 100th Battalion was overused or 'expendable' (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of ...

Edward H. Mitsukado Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-4-8)
vh Edward H. Mitsukado Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-4-8)
Talking a fellow soldier down when he discovers his father was being held by the U.S. government

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily ...

George T.
vh George T. "Joe" Sakato Interview Segment 35 (ddr-manz-1-29-35)
Charging at the enemy after witnessing the death of friend and fellow soldier
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