442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (66)
Military service (830)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1591)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1591 items
Tamaki Onodera standing on the front steps of her barracks (ddr-fom-1-623)
img Tamaki Onodera standing on the front steps of her barracks (ddr-fom-1-623)
This photo was taken on the day of the memorial service for her son, Satoru Onodera, who was killed in action.
Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-457)
img Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-457)
The soldiers honored during this service were: Pvt. John Ryoji Kawaguchi, Pvt. Tomoyuki Kikuchi, S. Sgt. Francis Tsukasa Kinoshita, Pvt. John Hiroshi Kyono, Pfc. William Kenzo Nakamura, Pvt. Satoru Onodera, Sgt. George Sawada, 1st Sgt. Tami Takemoto, and Pfc. Matsusaburo Tanaka.
Akino Kinoshita standing on the front deck of her barracks (ddr-fom-1-621)
img Akino Kinoshita standing on the front deck of her barracks (ddr-fom-1-621)
This photo was taken on the day of the memorial service for her son, Francis Kinoshita, who was killed in action.
Akino Kinoshita standing in her garden (ddr-fom-1-622)
img Akino Kinoshita standing in her garden (ddr-fom-1-622)
This photo was taken on the day of the memorial service for her son, Francis Kinoshita, who was killed in action.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 13 (March 29, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 13 (March 29, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-13)
Selected article titles: "Spanish-Speaking Americans Facing Same Type of Bias as Nisei of Early '30s" (p. 1), "Inouye Warns 442nd Veterans to Beware of 'Super-Patriots'" (p. 1), "PC Letterbox: Japanese Language Project" (p. 2), and "Japan Film 'Shaka' Is Memorable Epic" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 4 (January 25, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 4 (January 25, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-4)
Selected article titles: "Washington Newsletter: Lest We Forget: 442nd RCT Formed 20 Years Ago" (pp. 1-2), "Berkeley City Council Passes Tough Ordinance Prohibiting Bias in Housing, Each Day of Bias Considered as Separate Offense" (p. 1), "Spark M. Matsunaga" (p. 2), and "Congressman Matsunaga Urges Nisei to Take on Full-Fledged Citizenship" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 19 (May 10, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 19 (May 10, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-19)
Selected article titles: "Mrs. Munemori to Attend June 2 Rites" (pp. 1, 3), "Washington Newsletter: Hiroshi Miyamura, CMH" (pp. 1-2), "Are We Different?" (p. 2), and "Guest Columnist: Good Name Better than Wealth" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 21 (November 18, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 21 (November 18, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-46)
Select article titles: "SJR 20 final tab: Yes 414,000; No 391,200" (p. 1); "MIS vets ask Army for lifting of secrecy" (p. 1); "VFW, 442nd Veterans, West L.A. JACL mark rescue of Lost Texas Battalion" (p. 3); "Boston ruling on Chinese students as white rejected" (p. 5).
Pacifc Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 22 (June 3, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-22)
doc Pacifc Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 22 (June 3, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-22)
Select article titles: "Nisei Pentagon Official Pays Tribute to 442" (p. 1); "Nisei conscientious objector of WW2 who served in prison re-enfranchised" (p. 1); "Sanjo area adds Oriental voice on anti-poverty board" (p. 1); "Death threat against autopsy surgeon in Deadwyler case made if officer who killed Negro motorist is released" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 05, (February 9, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-5)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 05, (February 9, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-5)
Select article titles: "Vietnam War Dead: 61 Nikkei" (p.1); "Growing Tide of Japanese Investment Worries Hawaii" (p.1); "128 Teams, 5 from Japan, to Roll at Portland Pinfest" (p.4); "Lt. Gov. Ariyoshi Predicts Focal Point of World Affairs Shifting to Pacific" (p.4).
The Nisei Weekender, Vol. 1, No. 29 (July 11, 1946) (ddr-densho-358-8)
doc The Nisei Weekender, Vol. 1, No. 29 (July 11, 1946) (ddr-densho-358-8)
Selected article titles: "Presidential Review: 442nd to March for Truman in Washington, July 15th" (p.1), "General Lauds 442nd Team at Camp Kilmer Reception" (p.1), "O-bon Services Honor War Dead" (p.3).
The Nisei Weekender, Vol. 1, No. 28 (July 4, 1946) (ddr-densho-358-7)
doc The Nisei Weekender, Vol. 1, No. 28 (July 4, 1946) (ddr-densho-358-7)
Selected article titles: "Army Set to Honor 442nd, Plan Impressive Welcome for Famed Combat Team Expected to Arrive Today" (p.1, 4), "What Made them Great? A Former 441nd [sic] Man Tells What Kept Them Going" (p.1).
The Nisei Weekender, Vol. 1, No. 30 (August 2, 1946) (ddr-densho-358-9)
doc The Nisei Weekender, Vol. 1, No. 30 (August 2, 1946) (ddr-densho-358-9)
Selected article titles: "Nation's Capital Honors 442nd" (p.1), "Rescue of Lost Battalion Hailed as Most Heroic Act" (p.1), "The Nisei Comes of Age" (p.2-3), "Top Generals Battled Over 442nd" (p.4).
The Nisei Weekender: 442nd Pictorial Supplement (ddr-densho-358-1)
doc The Nisei Weekender: 442nd Pictorial Supplement (ddr-densho-358-1)
Supplement of The Nisei Weekender highlighting the accomplishments of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No.9 (August 26, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No.9 (August 26, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-35)
Select article titles: "New York writer recalls heroism of Lt. Daniel Inouye, who led platoon up hill in Italy and cleaned out 3 machine gun nets" (p.8); "U.S. Senate urge to arrange goodwill tour of 100 Tokyo student rioters to U.S." (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 11 (March 11, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 11 (March 11, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-11)
Select article titles: "No racial, color discrimination case reported during Squaw Valley Olympics" (p.1); "Newsman who sent to U.S. first story of 442nd in combat addresses Monterrey JACL" (p.3); "Japanese artist completes 30-scroll set of Chinese scenes as gift to Columbia" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 10 (September 6, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 10 (September 6, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-36)
Selected article titles: "Thirty-Five March Under JACL Banner in August 28 March for Jobs, Freedom" (pp. 1-2), "JACL Answers Negroes' Painful Call for Help, Says Matsunaga" (pp. 1-2, 4), "Chicago Veterans to Commemorate 20th 422 [sic] Anniv." (p. 3), and "Tokyo Topics: First Nisei Decorated by Japan" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 11 (March 12, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 11 (March 12, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-11)
Selected article titles: "Orange County Japanese Become Millionaires as Land Value Rise, but Hard Times Strike Growers in Imperial Valley-JHP Learns" (p.1-2), "Documents for History Project Gain in Volume" (p.1-2), "Ventura County Lemon Growers Authorized Limited 'Tanno' Use" (p.1-2), "100th, 442nd Designations to Be Retained" (p.3), "San Francisco Japanese Cultural, Trade Center Groundbreaking Rites Set Mar. …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 1 (January 1, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 1 (January 1, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-1)
Selected article titles: "Pentagon Order Threatens 442nd Unit as Army Reserve" (p.1), "Complications Foil JACL Chapter Bid to Repeal Washington Alien Land Law; Chapters Now Reconsidering Campaign Effort" (p.1, 3), "ACLU Files Suit to Declare Prop. 14 Unconstitutional in Los Angeles Court" (p.1), "NC-WNDC Group Health Plan Sign-Ups Star" (p.4), "Puyallup Valley CL to Push Japanese …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 11 (March 24, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 11 (March 24, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-11)
Selected article titles: "Over 500 Expected This Weekend in Trek to Manzanar" (p.1, 3), "442 'Hero' Rediscovered" (p.1, 5), "Kawabe House" (p.1, 3), "Welfare Issue Flares Inside Little Tokyo" (p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 14 (October 4, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 14 (October 4, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-39)
Selected article titles: "Textbook Selection Needs Revamping" (p. 1), "War History of 442nd and 100th Inf. Suggested Be Included at 'Punchbowl'" (pp. 1, 4), "Washington Newsletter: Amnesty for Vietnam War Resisters Recalls Tragic Nisei WW2 Cases" (pp. 1, 3), and "Central Cal's Heartbeat Survey Shows Nikkei Living on Abundant 'Rich' Diet" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 18 (November 1, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 18 (November 1, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-43)
Selected article titles: "To the Point: Racism Within Us" (p. 1), "Alien Farm Labor Issue Confuses Supreme Court" (pp. 1, 4), "Hawaiian 442 Veterans Revisit Europe at 30th Ann'y of Bruyeres Liberation" (p. 1), and "JACL--Sansei Study Tour: Unique Look Through Japan" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 2 (January 16, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 2 (January 16, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-2)
Selected article titles: "Orange County School Dedicated to 442 Hero: Sgt. Kazuo Masuda" (p. 1), "OSS Broadcaster" (p. 2), and "Editorials: JACL Will Not Be Intimidated" (p. 2).
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