442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 54 (June 26, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-122)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 54 (June 26, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-122)
"Chicago Honors Pvt. Matsuda, Another Hero in Rescue of "Lost Battalion' in Europe" (pg. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 49 (June 18, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-216)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 49 (June 18, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-216)
"Civil Rights Members Ask Introduction of Measure to Defeat Bias Practices" (p. 1), "Rites, Burial for Two War Dead from Area to be Held June 25" (p. 1) "Local CIO Tells Nisei Not to Sit on Fence in Matter of Picking Cannery Union" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 58 (July 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-225)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 58 (July 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-225)
"ADC Will Meet to Discuss Funds for Claims Unit" (p. 1), "Pfc. Takahashi Services Held" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 54 (July 6, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-221)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 54 (July 6, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-221)
"Demo Chief Vows to Help JACL-ADC on ENI Legislation" (p. 1), "T-4 Sawada Services to be Held This Saturday at Presbyterian" (p. 1), "Action on ENI Bill Seen" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 79 (September 22, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-141)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 79 (September 22, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-141)
"Kokubu Reburial Moved to Today" (p. 1), "Final Services for PFC. Seike to be Sept. 25" (p. 1), "Wyoming School Marm to Teach Youth of Japan Occupational Force Personnel" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 63 (July 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-130)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 63 (July 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-130)
"442nd Feat Wins Japan Praise" (pg. 1), "JACL-ADC Sees Winning of Struggle to End "Limited Passport' Issue" (pg. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 80 (September 25, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-142)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 80 (September 25, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-142)
"Remains of Corporal Kokubu Join Graves of Two Other Nisei Dead at Arlington Cemetery" (p. 1), "Ennis, Masaoka to Meet Lawyers on Handling of Claims Forms" (p. 4)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 26 (March 20, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-96)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 26 (March 20, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-96)
"JACL in D.C. Asks Amending of Havenner Bill to Let Aliens in War Service to Stay in U.S." (p. 1), "Equality Urged for U.S. Aliens" (p. 1), "Story of the 442nd" (p. 2),
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 69 (September 23, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-56)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 69 (September 23, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-56)
"France and U.S. Will Honor Nisei GI War Dead in Special Ceremony in Bruyeres on October 30" (p. 1), "Visit to Japan Not O.K. Yet, JACL Learns" (p. 1),"Final Briefs Completed for Alien Land Law Case" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 26 (March 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-193)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 26 (March 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-193)
"Revelle Points Out Generals' High Opinion of Fighting 442nd Combat Team" (p. 1), "Seattle JACL Chapter Urges Issei to Apply for Naturalization Now" (p. 1), "Evacuation Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 97 (November 24, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-158)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 97 (November 24, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-158)
"Masaoka Meets Judd on Bill to Aid Issei" (p. 1), "Burial Held at Arlington for 442 Hero" (p. 1), "Rosary Will be Said for Staff Sgt. Kinoshita on Friday; Services for Pvt. Sagami Next Tuesday in Tacoma" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 13 (March 29, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 13 (March 29, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-13)
Selected article titles: "Spanish-Speaking Americans Facing Same Type of Bias as Nisei of Early '30s" (p. 1), "Inouye Warns 442nd Veterans to Beware of 'Super-Patriots'" (p. 1), "PC Letterbox: Japanese Language Project" (p. 2), and "Japan Film 'Shaka' Is Memorable Epic" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 4 (January 25, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 4 (January 25, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-4)
Selected article titles: "Washington Newsletter: Lest We Forget: 442nd RCT Formed 20 Years Ago" (pp. 1-2), "Berkeley City Council Passes Tough Ordinance Prohibiting Bias in Housing, Each Day of Bias Considered as Separate Offense" (p. 1), "Spark M. Matsunaga" (p. 2), and "Congressman Matsunaga Urges Nisei to Take on Full-Fledged Citizenship" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 15 (November 6, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 15 (November 6, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-40)
Selected article titles: "Diaries Returned: Wartime Distrust Followed Soldiers Across the Pacific" (p. 1), "Market Crash Halts Vote on S.1009" (p. 1), "Hearing on Anti-Asian Violence Set" (pp. 1, 5), and "Editorial of the Pacific Citizen: Gone But Not Forgotten" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 12 (June 16-July 6, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 12 (June 16-July 6, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-12)
Selected article titles: "Affirmative Action Programs Limited by Supreme Court" (pp. 1, 12), "JACL Opposes Cuts in Number of Legal Immigrants Allowed" (pp. 1, 5, 12), "Central California Highway to Honor 100/442nd, MIS" (p. 4), "Sgt. John Matsumoto Quiet Saga of WWII Nisei Aerial Gunner" (p. 5), and "Tracing the Jewish-Nisei Connection: Inouye, Vets Reunited with ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 5 (September 1-14, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 5 (September 1-14, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-17)
Selected article titles: "Reflections on War" (pp. 1, 7), "Japan and the Atom Bomb Question" (pp. 1, 6), "Inouye Thanks Southerners Who Helped Men of the 442nd RCT" (p. 7), and "1995 JACL Scholarship Awards" (pp. 10-14).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 123, No. 1 (July 5-18, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 123, No. 1 (July 5-18, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-13)
Selected article titles: "House Resources Committee Passes Manzanar Legislation" (p. 1), "The Ups and Downs of Leadership and Volunteerism" (p. 6), "The Barracks: They Tell a Powerful Story" (p. 7), and "Medals of Valor for a 442 Hero, Finally" (p. 12).
A mother receiving posthumous medal (ddr-densho-114-128)
img A mother receiving posthumous medal (ddr-densho-114-128)
Original caption: Honolulu, T.H. Mrs. Shizuko Kina receives the Silver Star Medal posthumously awarded her brother, Pfc. Tomaki Shimabukuro, during a ceremony at 1965 South King Street, Honolulu, T.H. The presentation, by Chaplain Corwin H. Olds, CPBC, is made for gallantry in action with the 2nd Bn., 442nd Reg. Combat Team, near Bruyeres, France, on October ...
Nisei soldiers studying a map (ddr-densho-114-42)
img Nisei soldiers studying a map (ddr-densho-114-42)
Original caption: Studying a map of [illegible] new bivouac area at a roadside are l/r: 2nd Lt. Edward E. [illegible], Mountain Lakes, N.J., 2nd Lt. Robert H. Foote, Hebron, Conn., S/Sgt. Min Shumida, Los Angeles, Calif., and Sgt. Minoru A. Ikehara of Honolulu, T.H. 10/13/44. 2nd Bn., 442nd Combat Team, Chambois Sector. France.
Nisei soldier on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-36)
img Nisei soldier on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-36)
Original caption: Japanese-American soldier armed with a bazooka, stands guard in the woods near the front lines, he is being relieved by a member of the 442nd Infantry Regiment, Combat Team, 2nd Battalion, H Co., St. Die Area, France. 17 Nov 1944.
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-89)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-89)
Original caption: Three Japanese-American soldiers look down on the French Valley in the Bruyere Sector of France from a hill that was under heavy morter and shell fire. Trees in foreground show the effects of the shelling. 22 Oct 1944.
442nd Regimental Combat Team members running for cover in Italy (ddr-densho-114-2)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team members running for cover in Italy (ddr-densho-114-2)
Original caption: Italy. Americans of Japanese descent, Infantrymen of the 442nd Regiment, run for cover as a German artillery shell is about to land outside the building. Fifth Army 4 April 1945.
Cannon company (ddr-densho-114-124)
img Cannon company (ddr-densho-114-124)
Original caption: La Houssiere Area, France. Combat Team of a Cannon Company, fires from their new position in the woods. This particular Unit is composed of almost all Japanese-American troops. 442nd Infantry. 4 Nov 1944.
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-172)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-172)
Antitank Company in training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi.
Anti-tank training (ddr-densho-114-84)
img Anti-tank training (ddr-densho-114-84)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American soldiers in the anti-tank company of the combat team easing a gun off the bank of a stream to ferry it across on three steel cables. Swimmers in the water below will haul on a line in the water to move the gun. Lt. Charles W. Tayman, Commanding Officer of ...
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