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442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (66)
Military service (838)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1600)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1600 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 3 (July 16, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 3 (July 16, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-28)
Selected article titles: "IBM Case Adds Friction to U.S.-Japan Trade" (pp. 1, 5), "Mineta Urges Fifth Preference to Remain in Immigration Law" (pp. 1, 4), "Census: 5,000 in U.S. Turn 65 Years of Age Every Day" (pp. 1, 8), and "Ye Editor's Desk: 100/442nd/MIS Museum Foundation" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 26 (December 24-31, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 26 (December 24-31, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-51)
Special holiday issue. Selected article titles: "Preserving Our Japanese American History: Visual Communications' Photographic Archives" (pp. 14-15), "'Offensive Stupidity' and the Struggle of Abe Tokunosuke" (pp. 31, 43, 68, 70, 76-77), "1982: The Year in Review" (pp. 52-63, 69, 78-79), and "After the Rescue of the 'Lost Battalion': 'Gothic Line' Breakthrough by 100/442 Spells End to …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 15 (November 6, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 15 (November 6, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-40)
Selected article titles: "Diaries Returned: Wartime Distrust Followed Soldiers Across the Pacific" (p. 1), "Market Crash Halts Vote on S.1009" (p. 1), "Hearing on Anti-Asian Violence Set" (pp. 1, 5), and "Editorial of the Pacific Citizen: Gone But Not Forgotten" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-1)
Special new year edition. Selected article titles: "Unlikely Journalist Writes Book About Unlikely Liberators" (pp. 1-2), "Yasui Coram Nobis: Case Closed" (p. 1), "The Exploration of the Magic Code" (pp. 2-3, 9-10), "Saburo Okinaga: World War II and the Experiences of One Japanese American in Hawaii" (p. 10), and "The Letters of Joseph Heco" (pp. 11-12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 12 (October 20, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 12 (October 20, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-37)
Selected article titles: "Some 600 Over Age 90 Prepare for $20,000 Redress Payment" (pp. 1, 3), "On Redress Entitlement: Inouye's Speech in Senate About His Mainland Buddies of 442 Volunteering 'from Behind Barbed Wire' Stirs Wide Support" (pp. 1, 7), "Redress Administration Revises Forms, JACL-LEC Distributes Copies to Chapters" (pp. 1, 3), and "What Hath 'Jubal …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 1 (January 6-19, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 1 (January 6-19, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-1)
Selected article titles: "President Explains Board Decision to Downsize Staff" (pp. 1, 5), "Yamashita to File Federal Class-Action Suit for Marine Discrimination Victims" (p. 3), "Responding to Critics of JACL's Wartime Role--Part 2" (pp. 9, 13), "Bruyeres: A Special Experience, a Special Meaning..." (pp. 10, 13-14), and "552nd GIs Shoot Open Dachau Gates" (pp. 11, 14).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 2 (July 21-August 3, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 2 (July 21-August 3, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-14)
Selected article titles: "JACL National President Meets with Clinton" (pp. 1, 15), "JACL Message: Keep Affirmative Action in California Education" (pp. 1, 6, 15), "From the ORA: Potentially Eligible Redress Recipients" (pp. 10-14), and "GIs Return 'Home' to Camp Shelby" (p. 15).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 116, No. 13 (April 2, 1993) (ddr-pc-65-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 116, No. 13 (April 2, 1993) (ddr-pc-65-13)
Select article titles: "Fair reporting of minorities" (p. 1); "The 442nd 'Lest we forget'" (p. 3); "Nakano running for California State Senate" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 12 (June 16-July 6, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 12 (June 16-July 6, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-12)
Selected article titles: "Affirmative Action Programs Limited by Supreme Court" (pp. 1, 12), "JACL Opposes Cuts in Number of Legal Immigrants Allowed" (pp. 1, 5, 12), "Central California Highway to Honor 100/442nd, MIS" (p. 4), "Sgt. John Matsumoto Quiet Saga of WWII Nisei Aerial Gunner" (p. 5), and "Tracing the Jewish-Nisei Connection: Inouye, Vets Reunited with …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 11 (December, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 11 (December, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-23)
Holiday issue organized into sections A 1-36, B 1-56, and A 37-64. Selected article titles: "Who Were the Japanese Americans?" (pp. A15-A16), "'Ethnicity: Please Check One'" (p. A18), "MIS: The Untold Stories" (pp. A34-A35, A37, A39, A41-A42), and "A Bill of Rights for Asserting a Multiracial Identity" (pp. B6-B7). The holiday issue included advertisements bought by …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 5 (September 1-14, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 5 (September 1-14, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-17)
Selected article titles: "Reflections on War" (pp. 1, 7), "Japan and the Atom Bomb Question" (pp. 1, 6), "Inouye Thanks Southerners Who Helped Men of the 442nd RCT" (p. 7), and "1995 JACL Scholarship Awards" (pp. 10-14).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 6 (March 15-April 4, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 6 (March 15-April 4, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-6)
Selected article titles: "PC Editorial Board to Seek Return to Weekly" (pp. 1, 10), "Oahu Monument Honors 100th, 442nd, MIS Vets" (p. 3), "Bill to Make English Official Language Opposed" (p. 3), and "East Wind: Asian Americans in Politics" (pp. 8, 11).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 123, No. 1 (July 5-18, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 123, No. 1 (July 5-18, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-13)
Selected article titles: "House Resources Committee Passes Manzanar Legislation" (p. 1), "The Ups and Downs of Leadership and Volunteerism" (p. 6), "The Barracks: They Tell a Powerful Story" (p. 7), and "Medals of Valor for a 442 Hero, Finally" (p. 12).
Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-462)
img Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-462)
The soldiers honored during this service were: Pvt. John Ryoji Kawaguchi, Pvt. Tomoyuki Kikuchi, S. Sgt. Francis Tsukasa Kinoshita, Pvt. John Hiroshi Kyono, Pfc. William Kenzo Nakamura, Pvt. Satoru Onodera, Sgt. George Sawada, 1st Sgt. Tami Takemoto, and Pfc. Matsusaburo Tanaka.
Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-464)
img Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-464)
The soldiers honored during this service were: Pvt. John Ryoji Kawaguchi, Pvt. Tomoyuki Kikuchi, S. Sgt. Francis Tsukasa Kinoshita, Pvt. John Hiroshi Kyono, Pfc. William Kenzo Nakamura, Pvt. Satoru Onodera, Sgt. George Sawada, 1st Sgt. Tami Takemoto, and Pfc. Matsusaburo Tanaka.
Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-458)
img Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-458)
The soldiers honored during this service were: Pvt. John Ryoji Kawaguchi, Pvt. Tomoyuki Kikuchi, S. Sgt. Francis Tsukasa Kinoshita, Pvt. John Hiroshi Kyono, Pfc. William Kenzo Nakamura, Pvt. Satoru Onodera, Sgt. George Sawada, 1st Sgt. Tami Takemoto, and Pfc. Matsusaburo Tanaka.
Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-460)
img Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-460)
The soldiers honored during this service were: Pvt. John Ryoji Kawaguchi, Pvt. Tomoyuki Kikuchi, S. Sgt. Francis Tsukasa Kinoshita, Pvt. John Hiroshi Kyono, Pfc. William Kenzo Nakamura, Pvt. Satoru Onodera, Sgt. George Sawada, 1st Sgt. Tami Takemoto, and Pfc. Matsusaburo Tanaka.
Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-468)
img Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-468)
The soldiers honored during this service were: Pfc. Akira Kanzaki, Pvt. Yohei Sagami, Pfc. Yoshito Noritake, Pfc. Hideo Yasui, Pfc. Yoshio Kato, Cpl. Jimmy T. Kokubu, Sgt. Ban Ninomiya, Pvt. Shin Sato, Pfc. George S. Miyaoka, Sgt. Ned T. Nakamura.
Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-463)
img Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-463)
The soldiers honored during this service were: Pvt. John Ryoji Kawaguchi, Pvt. Tomoyuki Kikuchi, S. Sgt. Francis Tsukasa Kinoshita, Pvt. John Hiroshi Kyono, Pfc. William Kenzo Nakamura, Pvt. Satoru Onodera, Sgt. George Sawada, 1st Sgt. Tami Takemoto, and Pfc. Matsusaburo Tanaka.
Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-467)
img Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-467)
The soldiers honored during this service were: Pfc. Akira Kanzaki, Pvt. Yohei Sagami, Pfc. Yoshito Noritake, Pfc. Hideo Yasui, Pfc. Yoshio Kato, Cpl. Jimmy T. Kokubu, Sgt. Ban Ninomiya, Pvt. Shin Sato, Pfc. George S. Miyaoka, Sgt. Ned T. Nakamura.
Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-465)
img Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-465)
Mothers receiving flags for their sons: Pvt. John Ryoji Kawaguchi, Pvt. Tomoyuki Kikuchi, S. Sgt. Francis Tsukasa Kinoshita, Pvt. John Hiroshi Kyono, Pfc. William Kenzo Nakamura, Pvt. Satoru Onodera, Sgt. George Sawada, 1st Sgt. Tami Takemoto, and Pfc. Matsusaburo Tanaka.
Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-461)
img Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-461)
The soldiers honored during this service were: Pvt. John Ryoji Kawaguchi, Pvt. Tomoyuki Kikuchi, S. Sgt. Francis Tsukasa Kinoshita, Pvt. John Hiroshi Kyono, Pfc. William Kenzo Nakamura, Pvt. Satoru Onodera, Sgt. George Sawada, 1st Sgt. Tami Takemoto, and Pfc. Matsusaburo Tanaka.
Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-466)
img Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-466)
Mothers receiving flags for their sons: Pvt. John Ryoji Kawaguchi, Pvt. Tomoyuki Kikuchi, S. Sgt. Francis Tsukasa Kinoshita, Pvt. John Hiroshi Kyono, Pfc. William Kenzo Nakamura, Pvt. Satoru Onodera, Sgt. George Sawada, 1st Sgt. Tami Takemoto, and Pfc. Matsusaburo Tanaka.
Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-459)
img Memorial service for fallen soldiers (ddr-fom-1-459)
Father Leopold Tibesar saying a prayer at the memorial service for Pvt. John Ryoji Kawaguchi, Pvt. Tomoyuki Kikuchi, S. Sgt. Francis Tsukasa Kinoshita, Pvt. John Hiroshi Kyono, Pfc. William Kenzo Nakamura, Pvt. Satoru Onodera, Sgt. George Sawada, 1st Sgt. Tami Takemoto, and Pfc. Matsusaburo Tanaka.
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