442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (66)
Military service (620)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1543 items
Two soldiers, one with nose patch (ddr-densho-201-377)
img Two soldiers, one with nose patch (ddr-densho-201-377)
Caption on front: "Me [Masuo Sakagami], Jim Takeoka Twin Falls, Idaho. Nose patch basketball post."
U.S. military regiment in Italy (ddr-densho-201-368)
img U.S. military regiment in Italy (ddr-densho-201-368)
Caption on front: "Mas Takahashi, Frank Shiota, Hiroshi Shikuma, Joe Matsusaki, Leghorn, Italy 1945."
Soldiers and civilians outside American Red Cross Paramount Theatre (ddr-densho-201-166)
img Soldiers and civilians outside American Red Cross Paramount Theatre (ddr-densho-201-166)
Soldiers and civilians outside American Red Cross Paramount Theatre in Livorno, Italy.
Japanese American men on Hawaiian beach (ddr-densho-201-281)
img Japanese American men on Hawaiian beach (ddr-densho-201-281)
Caption on front: "Ah-! What a life-." Caption on post-it note in album: "Tom Harimoto, I Co. Honolulu, HI."
Soldiers on a boat approaching Bay Bridge (ddr-densho-201-141)
img Soldiers on a boat approaching Bay Bridge (ddr-densho-201-141)
Soldiers on a boat approaching the Bay Bridge in San Francisco, California. Caption on Reverse: "San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, Nov. 1946 Dec." Caption on front: "Jan. 1947."
Soldier opening Christmas package (ddr-densho-201-374)
img Soldier opening Christmas package (ddr-densho-201-374)
Caption on front: "Xmas package sent by Tamura. Nampa Idaho 'Fukujim Sake [?]."
img "6673 Eng. G.S. Co." (ddr-densho-201-284)
Barbed wire fence. Caption on front: "6673 Eng. G.S. Co."
Gravesite for Masaru Tamura at the Florence American Cemetery (ddr-densho-201-787)
img Gravesite for Masaru Tamura at the Florence American Cemetery (ddr-densho-201-787)
Caption in album: "Masaru Tamura / Fife, Wash. / Castelfioro [sic] Italy / Aug. 19, 1946."
Two Japanese American soldiers at Leaning Tower of Pisa (ddr-densho-201-95)
img Two Japanese American soldiers at Leaning Tower of Pisa (ddr-densho-201-95)
Caption on reverse: "Satoshi Tamura, Yasukichi Arakaki, 1st Plt. Bell on Leaning Tower of Pisa."
Soldiers swimming (ddr-densho-201-545)
img Soldiers swimming (ddr-densho-201-545)
Caption in album: "Gedi Italy / 1945 June/July / Warren Tamura / Emo Suzuki / Jim Tateoka / John Nakano."
Soldiers touring New York City upon returning to the United States (ddr-densho-201-778)
img Soldiers touring New York City upon returning to the United States (ddr-densho-201-778)
Caption on front: "Times Square." Caption in album: "New York City / Tosai, Tanemura / 'Coming home' / Sept. 1946."
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