442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-109)
img Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-109)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss. Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii, and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of ...
Nisei machine gunner on front lines (ddr-densho-114-90)
img Nisei machine gunner on front lines (ddr-densho-114-90)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A Japanese-American machine gunner keeps himself ready for a sight of a German. His unit composed, entirely of Japanese-Americans, are holding a section of the front lines. Company F. 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-86)
img Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-86)
Original caption: Cecina Area, Italy. The 2nd Battalion of the 442nd Inf. Regt., an American-Japanese unit, gathers in a memorial service for their comrades who have died in combat. Lt. Col. James M. Hanley, Commander, addresses the battalion. 5th Army. 1944.
French monument honoring Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-579)
img French monument honoring Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-579)
This monument in Biffontaine, France, was built and donated by Jean Bianchetti in remembrance of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
Nisei soldiers in jeep (ddr-densho-114-99)
img Nisei soldiers in jeep (ddr-densho-114-99)
Original caption: A group of five Hawaiian-American soldiers of the 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Div., move up in the battle for Leghorn in a captured German jeep. American born Japanese composing the 442nd Inf. Regt., have established an outstanding record with the international Fifth Army - educated in West Coast schools, and numbering ...
442nd Regimental Combat Team soldier in action (ddr-densho-114-26)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team soldier in action (ddr-densho-114-26)
Original caption: Japanese-American infantrymen move into action in a hilly sector of France. 10/24/44. Bruyeres.
Members of the French Resistance with Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-25)
img Members of the French Resistance with Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-25)
Original caption: Two members of the Free French of the Interior, act as guides for man of the Japanese-American Combat Team in France, 2nd Lt. Arthur McColl of Chicago, Ill., (not in this picture,) stands in front of a jeep driven by Pfc. William I. Soma, of Kealia, Hawaii. 10/14/44. 2nd Bn., 442nd Combat Team, Chambois ...
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-178)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-178)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss., Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as a Army Combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of ...
Nisei soldier receiving the Purple Heart (ddr-densho-114-155)
img Nisei soldier receiving the Purple Heart (ddr-densho-114-155)
Original caption: Sand Island, Honolulu. Pvt. Harry Koka of Ewa, Oahu, T.H., is awarded the Purple Heart by Col. Ernst T. Barco, CO, AP & SC. He was wounded while fighting with the famed 100th Infantry in the Italian Campaign. 6 June 1945.
442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-115)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-115)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training ...
A mother receiving her son's Silver Star (ddr-densho-114-33)
img A mother receiving her son's Silver Star (ddr-densho-114-33)
Original caption: Honolulu, T. H. The Silver Star Medal is posthumously awarded Sgt. Charles K. Harada of 936 Wahikiki St., Honolulu, T. H. for gallantry in action near Castellina, Italy, 12 July 1944, with Co. G, 442nd Inf. Here the presentation has been made to his mother, Mrs. Hana Harada, by Chaplain (Col.) Corwin W. Olds, ...
Jim Tateoka and Masao Sakagami in Europe (ddr-densho-328-61)
img Jim Tateoka and Masao Sakagami in Europe (ddr-densho-328-61)
Caption in album: "Overseas Snaps / 1944 / Jim Tateoka and / Masa."
Nisei veterans news (ddr-densho-325-109)
doc Nisei veterans news (ddr-densho-325-109)
Eighteen Nisei veterans and their spouses met for a reunion on April 7, 1995. These eighteen men had all been stationed at Camp Grant, Illinois in 1941-1942. From there the group separated some attending combat infantry training at Camp Blanding, Florida and then to the 442nd Regimental Combat Team in Europe and others like Sumito Horiuchi ...
Correspondence and clippings regarding donation of an article (ddr-densho-338-136)
doc Correspondence and clippings regarding donation of an article (ddr-densho-338-136)
Correspondence between the National Japanese American Historical Society and Guyo Tajiri regarding her donation of a 1947 Pacific Citizen article titled: "A French Town Remembers Its Nisei Liberators."
doc "Nisei in Uniform" (ddr-densho-155-19)
Publication of the U.S. Department of the Interior and the War Relocation Authority in collaboration with the War Department.
Masao Murata in uniform (ddr-manz-4-20)
img Masao Murata in uniform (ddr-manz-4-20)
Caption: "To / Rev. Nagatomi / Sincerely yours, / Masao Murata / July 1st 1942."
Ernest Uno Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1007-7-5)
vh Ernest Uno Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1007-7-5)
Having surgery in camp in order to be enlisted in the army

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the ...

James Lovell Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1007-12-2)
vh James Lovell Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1007-12-2)
Witnessing the reactions of white officers to an all-Japanese American unit (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of ...

James Lovell Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1007-12-5)
vh James Lovell Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1007-12-5)
Being asked to take part in a questionable project involving Nisei soldiers (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views ...

Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-6-7)
vh Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-6-7)
First meeting Japanese Americans from the West Coast and Hawaii (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the ...

Arthur Nishimoto Interview Segment 14 (ddr-manz-1-129-14)
vh Arthur Nishimoto Interview Segment 14 (ddr-manz-1-129-14)
Mixing of Japanese Americans from Hawaii and the mainland during basic training
George T.
vh George T. "Joe" Sakato Interview Segment 28 (ddr-manz-1-29-28)
The tension of fighting in first battle: "What am I doing here?"
API