442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (66)
Military service (620)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1543 items
Japanese American men Hawaiian beach (ddr-densho-201-280)
img Japanese American men Hawaiian beach (ddr-densho-201-280)
Two Japanese American men on the beach. Caption on front: "Shun Morishige." Caption on post-it note in album: "Tom Harimoto, I Co. Honolulu, HI."
Italian buildings in rubble (ddr-densho-201-117)
img Italian buildings in rubble (ddr-densho-201-117)
Italian buildings in rubble. Caption on reverse: "Moulto Bombado"--possibly intended to translate as "very bombarded."
Guest card for Florence hotel (ddr-densho-201-265)
img Guest card for Florence hotel (ddr-densho-201-265)
"Hotel Majestic, Florence, Italy, Operated by Headquarters Command P.B.S. Transient Enlisted Personnel, Guest Card, This card must be presented for all meals. Expires 25/7/46, Room No. 16."
Three soldiers posed (ddr-densho-201-358)
img Three soldiers posed (ddr-densho-201-358)
Caption on front: "Me, Bob Sasaki, Dick Sakeda, 1946."
Liberation celebration parade (ddr-densho-201-578)
img Liberation celebration parade (ddr-densho-201-578)
Caption in album: "On 11th of April, 1 year liberation celebration in Carrara."
Florence American Cemetery (ddr-densho-201-783)
img Florence American Cemetery (ddr-densho-201-783)
Caption in album: "Aug. 19, 1946 / Castelfiorentino, Italy / Hisashi (WA) & Masaru Tamura."
Three soldiers posed outside tents (ddr-densho-201-90)
img Three soldiers posed outside tents (ddr-densho-201-90)
Three soldiers posed outside tents. Caption on reverse: "Kurokazu, Yoshimura - Mits, Arakaki."
A group in front of the Oka home (ddr-densho-201-750)
img A group in front of the Oka home (ddr-densho-201-750)
Caption in album: "Me [Masao Sakagami], Mrs. Oka / Monterey, Calif. / 1946 Yoshi."
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