Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (813)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

813 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 61 (July 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-228)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 61 (July 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-228)
"130 Strandees Ask Re-Entry, JCCA Reports" (p. 1), "Justice Department Unit Aide Outlines How Its L.A. Office Will Process the Claims" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 64 (September 5, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-51)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 64 (September 5, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-51)
"Sights U.S. Efforts to Revive Japan's Foreign Trade Hurtling Toward Economic Shoals, Political Storms" (p. 1), "Write to O.A.P. in Washington, D.C., To File Claims for Frozen Deposits" (p. 1), "Los Angeles Court to Test Legality of Law Banning Intermarriages" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 12 (February 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-179)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 12 (February 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-179)
"Senate Unit Backs Bill on Equality" (p. 1), "Pvt. Ninomiya Rites Saturday" (p. 1), "Additional Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 71 (September 6, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-240)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 71 (September 6, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-240)
"Korean Situation Hampers ADC Efforts to Win Boost in Claims Plan Budget" (p. 1), "Walter Bill OK by Truman Expected Soon" (p. 1), "ADC Releases Full Text of GI Bride Bill" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 47 (June 11, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-214)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 47 (June 11, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-214)
"House Unanimously Passes Resolution to Give "All' Right to U.S. Citizenship" (p. 1), "JACL ADC Seeks "Same Consideration' as Japanese for Okinawa People" (p. 1), "Solons Act on Two Appropriations Providing for Claims Processing" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 47 (July 8, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-35)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 47 (July 8, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-35)
"Fights Use of Japanese in Job Classification" (p. 1), "ADC Receives New Version of H.R. 3999" (p. 1), "NVC Supports Measure on Citizenship" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 100 (December 4, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-161)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 100 (December 4, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-161)
"OK of Measure for Equality Seen Likely" (p. 1), "Joint Rites Set for Six GI War Dead Saturday, Dec. 11 in Bukkyo-Kai; One of Nisei Heroes is Winner of DSC" (p. 1), "JACL Will Give Claims Forms" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 70 (September 26, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-57)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 70 (September 26, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-57)
"Canadian Minister of Justice Ilsley Discloses Broadening of Terms of Reference on Japanese Evacuee Claims" (p. 1), "VFW Assists Vets Seeking Claims Data" (p. 1), "ADC to Enter Cases Linking Covenant Club" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 31 (April 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-198)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 31 (April 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-198)
"Hopes Rise on Senate Approval of Judd's ENI Legislation" (p. 1), "Local ADC Fund Push of $5,000 Starts April 20" (p. 1),
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 20 (February 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-91)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 20 (February 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-91)
"Ten Sit-Down Strikers Determined to Squat in Former RAF Quarters in Moose Jaw Until March 31" (p. 1), "I.A.M. Awaits End of Alaska Worker Issue" (p. 1), "824 Yankees Wed Japanese Through Jan. 1" (p. 2), "ADC Aide Assured Backing of West Virginia Leaders" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 65 (August 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-232)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 65 (August 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-232)
"Next "Open Night' on Wed., Aug. 17; Take Advantage of It, Okada Urges" (p. 1), "Illinois Senator Cites Record of Nisei GI's in Urging Passage of Judd Bill" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 24 (March 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-94)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 24 (March 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-94)
"Center Blaze Sufferers Get Loss Claims" (p. 1), "Nisei War Memorial Army Raises $1,623 Here" (p. 1), "Union Membership Sought for Issei" (p. 2), "Fights Seizure of Alien's Land for War Claims" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 13 (February 12, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-180)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 13 (February 12, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-180)
"Judd Bill Passed by House Unit Without Dissenting Vote" (p. 1), "Senate OK's Bill to Pay for Our Loss" (p. 1), "Tokuda's Eye Third N.W. Title as Basketball Tourney Nears; Fierce Fight for Crown Looms" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 48 (June 15, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-215)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 48 (June 15, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-215)
"Economy-Minded Solons Pass Over Funds Set Aside for Claims" (p. 1), "House OK's ENI Legislation; Senate Unit Will Study It" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 3 (January 23, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 3 (January 23, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-3)
Selected article titles: "Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission at Full Strength; Fund Set at $30 Million" (p. 1), "S. I. Hayakawa Column on Use of 'Concentration Camp' Saddening" (p. 1), and "Seattle's Reparation Proposal Put on Tape" (pp. 4-5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 7 (August 13, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 7 (August 13, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-32)
Selected article titles: "JACL, PC Offices Get Eviction Notes" (pp. 1, 3), "Reflections on Asiamerican Writers" (pp. 1-2), "Biennium Afterthoughts" (p. 1), and "From the Frying Pan: Reparations or a Pavilion" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 22 (June 4, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 22 (June 4, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-22)
Selected article titles: "Foundation Responsiveness Project: Queries from Membership" (p. 1), "Reparations Study" (pp. 1, 4), "Columbia Basin Plan: Part II" (p. 2), and "Justice Overdue" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 11 (September 10, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 11 (September 10, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-36)
Selected article titles: "Congress Repeals Evacuation Law" (p. 1), "VFW Urges Reparations" (p. 1), "Evacuees Perpetuate Gov. Carr" (pp. 1, 3), and "From the Frying Pan: Gov. Carr Memorial" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 19 (May 14, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 19 (May 14, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-19)
Selected article titles: "$2 Billion Seen for Evacuees" (p. 1), "Editorials: Reparations Program" (p. 2), "A Nisei in Japan: An Overcrowded Nation" (p. 2), and "From the Frying Pan: Mass Media in '42" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 24 (June 18, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 24 (June 18, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-24)
Selected article titles: "JACL Convention Delegates: Welcome to Sacramento" (p. 1), "Successor to Ushio Being Recruited" (p. 1), "By the Board: Reparations Campaign" (pp. 2, 6), and "Interracial Marriage by Asians Outside Ethnic Group Noted at Census Hearings" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 21 (May 28, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 21 (May 28, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-21)
Selected article titles: "To the Point: Government Bureaucracy" (p. 1), "From JACL National Headquarters Communications: Whale Issue Committee" (p. 1), "Issei Evacuee, Now in Reno, Recalls Building Manzanar's Barb-Wire Fence" (p. 1), and "Columbia Basin Plan: Part I" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 15 (October 8, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 15 (October 8, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-40)
Selected article titles: "Topaz Camp Plaque to Be Dedicated" (p. 1), "Key Elements for Any JACL Reparations Plan" (p. 1), "A Nisei in Japan: Japan's Nationalism: Myth or Fact" (p. 2), "From the Frying Pan: Japan Opinion on Nisei" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 6 (February 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 6 (February 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-6)
Selected article titles: "Prison System Chief Tells it Like it Is" (p.1, 11), "50% of Nisei Can't Afford to Retire at 65" (p.1), "Japanese & Non-Japanese Marriages Rising" (p.), "Utah Japanese: Survival in Hard Times" (p.), "'Terrible Subject' Becomes 'Constant Reminder'" (p.8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 11 (March 19, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 11 (March 19, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-11)
Selected article titles: "JACL--National Budget: Squeeze, Chops and Controls" (p. 1), "'Bamboo People' Relates Legal History of Japanese in America" (p. 1), "Minority One: Hirabayashi" (p. 2), and "S. I. Hayakawa: Reparations for Relocation?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 13 (April 8, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 13 (April 8, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-13)
Selected article titles: "1400 Nikkei Turnout for Hayakawa" (p.1), "East Coast Nikkei Less Inclined for Individual Reparation Pay" (p.1), "The Great Drought of '77" (p.3), "The Intermarriage Question" (p.5).
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