Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (813)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

813 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 8 (March 4, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 8 (March 4, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-8)
Selected article titles: "Question of Nisei Loyalty to U.S. Raised by Carter Transition Staff" (p.1), "Hirabayashi Cites Value of Education in Reparations" (p.1, 3), "Carter Virtually Ignores Asian American Appointees" (p.2), "Hokazono: Colorado Pioneer" (p.5), "Internment Credit Bill" (p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 1 (January 7-14, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 1 (January 7-14, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-1)
Selected article titles: "Trial Nears End, Defense Calls Wendy [Yoshimura]" (p.1, 12), "Office of Education Adds New Unit to Help Asian and Pacific Americans" (p.1-2), "A Legacy: 20 Suggestions for Reparations" (p.2), "Volunteer Power, Unltd." (p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 13 (September 23, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 13 (September 23, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-37)
Selected article titles: "JACL and CIC Testify for Evacuee Credit" (p.1), "JACL Looks at U.S.-Japan Friendship Act" (p.1), "EXECOM Actions Colored 'Gravenstein'" (p.1-2), "Ethnic Past's Preservation Is State's Aim" (p.2), "Reparations Survey Underway" (p.3), "YPCC Reunion-Every 50 Years" (p.4), "No 'Farewell to Manzanar'" (p.8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 11 (March 25, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 11 (March 25, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-11)
Selected article titles: "Ariyoshi Plan to Save Hawaii Life Style Against Population Growth May Need Type of Justification Used for Evacuation" (p.1, 3), "New JACL Director Is Karl Nobuyuki" (p.1), "Text for Tule Lake Plaque OK" (p.1), "Reparation Grants to Community Groups Seen as 'Misappropriation' by Seattleites" (p.3), "Somtething's Rotten in the U.S.: Anti-Nisei Racism" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 3 (July 15, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 3 (July 15, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-27)
Selected article titles: "Capital Columnists Back Evacuee Bill" (p.1), "Defense Dept. Hit for Lack of Affirmative Plan" (p.1), "Citizens Committee Formed to Probe Educational System in San Benito" (p.1-2), "Wave of the Future: Asian American Togetherness" (p.5), "Hiroshima 'Maiden' Credits U.S. Family for Inner Peace" (p.7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 14 (September 30, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 14 (September 30, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-38)
Selected article titles: "Census Bureau Plans to Drop 'Asian/Pac Island' Category" (p.1), "UC Davis Winning War of Briefs in Bakke Case" (p.1), "EXECOM Looks at Reparations" (p.1-2, 4), "E-1 Visa Student Privilege in Other States Encouraged" (p.2), "Tacoma Reunion-One Man's View" (p.3, 7), "Japanese Christian Mission Centennial in U.S. All Set" (p.7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 21 (November 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 21 (November 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-45)
Selected article titles: "Supreme Court: Rights of Alien to Be Police Argued, Other Major Cases on Aliens Still Pending" (p.1), "Seattle JACLer in Prominent Role at National Women's Conference" (p.1), "Carter Team Lashed for Shunning the Nikkei" (p.1, 9), "Reparations? No!" (p.4), "Evacuees from Peru" (p.5), "Calif. Agriculture and the Nikkei" (p.7), "A Third Position Presented …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 7 (February 25, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 7 (February 25, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-7)
Selected article titles: "Nisei As Group Will 'Disappear' by 2000, Kitano Speculates" (p.1-2), "Schichinosuke Asano, Pioneer Newspaperman Came to America to 'Help People'" (p.1, 3), "Pacific Basin Trade 'Most Promising'" (p.3), "Asian American Advocacy" (p.5, 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 19 (November 4, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 19 (November 4, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-43)
Selected article titles: "Nisei Recall Auto Insurance Bias" (p.1, 3), "The Curious Marriage of Osaka and Arkansas" (p.1, 4), "WW2 PWs Seek Legal Ground to Sue for Illegal Treatment" (p.3), "Why Reparations?" (p.4), "Japanese Americans Rediscovering Their Roots" (p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 12 (April 1, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 12 (April 1, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-12)
Selected article titles: "93% Responding to Survey on Reparations Check 'Yes'" (p.1), "Carter-Fukuda Talk Over Major Problems" (p.1), "Six Judicial Errors, Jury Misconduct Charged as Wendy Casae Now on Appeal" (p.2), "Integration May Erase Mochitsuki" (p.3), "JACLers in Action in America's Heartland" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 20 (November 11, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 20 (November 11, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-44)
Selected article titles: "Affirmative Action Compliance Means Changing Racial Stereotypes on Jobs" (p.1-2), "Nisei Among 'Most Powerful L.A. Women'" (p.2), "Pilgrimages and Reparations" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 17 (October 21, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 17 (October 21, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-41)
Selected article titles: "Bakke Argument Takes Two Hours, Asian American Question Raised" (p.1), "Amy Doi Suing JACL for $62,000" (p.1), "Internment Credit Bill Advances" (p.1), "Senate Committee Favors Hawaii Reparations Bill" (p.2), "Civil Rights Commission Backs Affirmative Action" (p.2), "JACL Principles in Practice" (p.4), "Road Out of the Tule Lake" (p.5), "Japanese American Curriculum Project: Fulfilling …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 9 (March 11, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 9 (March 11, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-9)
Selected article titles: "Farm Leader Harry Kubo to Address Tri-District" (p.1-2), "NIMH Director Cites Issues Facing JACL" (p.1), "TV Newsman Carried Pardon Banner Since '68" (p.1-2), "Intermountain Feedback on Reparations Sought" (p.2, 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 26 (December 16, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-49)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 26 (December 16, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-49)
Selected article titles: "Outstanding Chemists to Be Honored" (p.1-2), "Predict Most Vietnam Refugees to Be at Work" (p.1-2), "The Day I Quit Judo" (p.4), "Equal Opportunity in California-A New Era" (p.5), "Women in JACL" (p.7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2045 (June 1, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2045 (June 1, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-21)
Selected article titles: "Harvey Itano: First Nisei Named to Nat'l Academy of Sciences" (p. 1), "First Friday Feature: The Chilling Fact Is the Same: Nikkei and Jews Both Interned by Their Own Nations for Only One Reason--Ancestry!" (p. 3), "A Question of Leadership" (p. 6), and "Nisei Relays Attract Record Entry of 364" (p. 11).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2025 (January 5-12, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2025 (January 5-12, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-1)
Selected article titles: "JACL to File Redress Bill" (pp. 1, 9-10), "When Douglas MacArthur 'Reigned' in Japan" (p. 2), "What Was the U.S. Occupation of Japan Like?" (pp. 3, 15), and "Japan's Secret Intercontinental Missile: Konnyaku Bakudan" (pp. 5, 14).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2067 (November 2, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2067 (November 2, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-43)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Civil Rights Commission & 7 More Co-Sponsors for JACL Bills" (p. 1), "Goro Suzuki (1917-1979): Jack Soo Memorabilia at Smithsonian" (pp. 1-2), "President's Corner: Whaling Update" (p. 4), and "From the Frying Pan: Fuss over Nuclear Power / E.O. 9066" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2039 (April 20, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2039 (April 20, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-15)
Selected article titles: "Anti-Asian Bias in PL 995-507 Uncovered" (p. 1), "Manjiro Nakahama: The Man Who 'Discovered' America'" (pp. 3, 11), "Remembering the 'Forgotten Men' of the Golden Spike Ceremony" (pp. 3, 6), and "JACL Faces $100,000 Shortfall as Member Increase Not Seen" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2037 (April 6, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2037 (April 6, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-13)
Selected article titles: "April 20 Final Date to Complain: JACL Protests 'Yellow Peril' as Trademark" (pp. 1-2), "The Matter of Hindsight" (pp. 3-4), "President's Corner: Iki Dolphins" (p. 4), and "Redress Phase Two: Political Reality" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2044 (May 25, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-20)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2044 (May 25, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-20)
Selected article titles: "Vietnamese in Texas Cling to Culture" (pp. 1-2), "Seattle Challenges on Redress" (pp. 3, 5), "Semantic Nonsense or Though Provocation: Rest of Nation Gains When Hayakawa Focus Wrong" (3, 5), and "Chiaroscuro: Nikkei Politics" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2026 (January 19, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2026 (January 19, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-2)
Selected article titles: "California Highway Patrol: CHP Drops 5 Ft.-6 Height Standard" (p. 1), "Midwest District Council: Redress Might Rekindle Nikkei Backlash" (p. 8), and "Countrymen Exploit 'New' Immigrants, Say U.S. Sociologists" (p. 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2063 (October 5, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2063 (October 5, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-39)
Selected article titles: "Over 110 Co-Author House Version of S 1647 Bill" (p. 1), "Nippon Corporate Investment Sought to Rebuild South Bronx" (pp. 1,3), "From the Frying Pan: Scholars from Japan Snap Stereotype" (p. 5), and "From the Midwest: Whither JACL" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2031 (February 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2031 (February 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-7)
Selected article titles: "S.I. Would Back Efforts to Undo Curfew Rulings" (p. 1), "'College Nisei' Update Calling on Evacuees Not Questioned Before" (p. 2), "Calif. Legislature Condemns EO 9066" (p. 3), and "From the Frying Pan: Florida's Issei Colony" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2071 (November 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2071 (November 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-47)
Selected article titles: "Anti-Iranian Passion Reminiscent of Pearl Harbor Era" (pp. 1-2), "Multicultural Emphasis Made to Milwaukee Schoolteachers" (p. 2), "JACL Initiate Contacts with Mexico Nikkei" (pp. 3-4), and "From the Midwest: The Invisible Woman: From Geisha to Feminist" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2043 (May 18, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2043 (May 18, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-19)
Selected article titles: "Hayakawa Replies to Open Letter-Adv." (p. 1), "Gov. Brown Snubs Asian Heritage Wk." (pp. 1-2), "Midwest District Council: Youth Workshop--Milwaukee: Nisei Evacuees Relate Camp Experiences" (p. 7), and "Japan and U.S. as Partners in a Common Future" (pp. 7, 12).
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