Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (813)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

813 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 85 (November 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-72)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 85 (November 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-72)
"Full Backing of JACL Urged by Mike Masaoka in Talk Here" (p. 1), "Transport Ship Renamed in Honor of Nisei GI Hero" (p. 1), "Magnuson of Washington Named on Special Unit to Weigh Evacuation Claims Measure" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 47 (June 2, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-115)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 47 (June 2, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-115)
"Flood Hits 104 Japanese Families in Vanport City" (p. 1), "JACL-ADC Points to Early Action on Evacuation Claims Measure" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 9 (January 22, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-80)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 9 (January 22, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-80)
"U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Civil Rights of Fred Oyama in Calif. Alien Land Issue" (p. 1), "L.A. Firm Signs 7-Million Pact for Steel and Coal with Japanese" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 80 (October 7, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-248)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 80 (October 7, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-248)
"Canadian Japanese Unit Submits Eight-Point Proposal Calling for More Funds for Wartime Evacuees" (p. 1), "Memorial Monument in Rose City will Salute 14 Nisei GI War Dead; Dedication Rites to be Oct. 30" (p. 1), "M. Masaoka is "Nisei of Year' at JACL Confab" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 5 (January 17, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-266)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 5 (January 17, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-266)
"G.I. Brides Act Priority, Masaoka Says" (p. 1), "210 Claims Adjudicated during 1950, Justice Department Reports to ADC" (p. 1), "Takagi Re-Elected JACL President" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 58 (July 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-225)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 58 (July 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-225)
"ADC Will Meet to Discuss Funds for Claims Unit" (p. 1), "Pfc. Takahashi Services Held" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
"Canada Releases Claims Data" (p. 1), "Believes JACL Could Aid Nisei Left in Japan" (p. 1), "Jackson Street Area Chest Workers Selected; Allasina, Principal of Bailey Gatzert, Heads New Army" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 39 (June 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-27)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 39 (June 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-27)
"Many Alaska Salmon Industry Workers Sought" (p. 1), "Report Cites B.C. Removal of Japanese" (p. 1), "Okada and Satow Will Speak Here Monday Night in Buddhist Church; Report on Claims Board Bill" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 101 (December 8, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-162)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 101 (December 8, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-162)
"Japanese in Tokyo Would Have to Pay 3,000 Yen for CARE Food Package" (p. 1), "Yothers of VFW Will Speak at Joint Rites on Saturday for Six Seattle War Heroes" (p. 1), "Claims Queries and Replies" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 18 (March 2, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-185)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 18 (March 2, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-185)
"House Passes Judd's ENI Measure" (p. 1), "A Few More Queries, Replies on Evacuation Claims Law" (p. 1), "B.C. Japanese Count Days as March 31, 1949, Nears; Federal Curbs End Then" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 60 (July 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-127)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 60 (July 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-127)
"Masaoka Will Visit Key Communities to Get Suggestions on Handling of Wartime Japanese Evacuation Claims" (pg. 1), "Post Office's Foreign Section Head in Seattle Explains Several Rules Pertaining to Parcels to Japan" (pg. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 6 (January 19, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-173)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 6 (January 19, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-173)
"Bias Noted in Jobs For Minorities" (p. 1), "Crematory Aide, After Reading Word from Gen. Clark, OK's Burial of Nisei" (p. 1), "Challenge Right of U.S. Ouster" (p. 1), "Additional Claim Queries, Replies" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 60 (July 27, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-227)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 60 (July 27, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-227)
"Canada Japanese to Get Bonus" (p. 1), "Ex-Seattleite in Tokyo Reports on Japanese Repats from USSR" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 22 (March 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-189)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 22 (March 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-189)
"ADC Releases More Queries, Replies in Regard to Your Evacuation Claims Measure" (p. 1), "Amendment Seeks to Rid Vote Bias" (p. 1), "Chicago, Washington Hold Final Rites for Two More Nisei Combat War Heroes" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 94 (November 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-155)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 94 (November 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-155)
"Trends Show B.C. Resettlers Intend to Stay Put in East; Population Increase Cited" (p. 1), "National JACL-ADC Mails First of Series of Papers Designed to Aid Claimants" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
"House Immigration Unit Favors H.R. 3566, JACL-ADC Reports" (p. 1) "54 Nisei Leave for Alaska Canned Salmon Work" (p. 1), "Vote for Claims Board Measure, Rep. Twyman Tells Colleagues" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 26 (March 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-193)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 26 (March 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-193)
"Revelle Points Out Generals' High Opinion of Fighting 442nd Combat Team" (p. 1), "Seattle JACL Chapter Urges Issei to Apply for Naturalization Now" (p. 1), "Evacuation Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 55 (July 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-222)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 55 (July 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-222)
"Hawaii Governor Promises to Do What He Can to Push ENI Bill" (p. 1), "Claims Office Due to Open" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 51 (July 22, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-38)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 51 (July 22, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-38)
"Senate Passes Rider to Soldier Brides Act" (p. 1), "House to Debate One Hour on Evacuation Claims Bill" (p. 1), "Tables Deportation, Naturalization Measures" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 30 (April 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-197)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 30 (April 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-197)
"Japanese Government Ready to Purchase Farm Lands Owned by People in Other Countries" (p. 1), "House Approves Claims Fund" (p. 1), "JACL ADC Will Take Strong Stand to Fight Segregation in Army" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 28 (April 6, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-195)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 28 (April 6, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-195)
"Ex-Seattleite, Now Spokane Farmer Heads for Japan via Airplane" (p. 1), "Evacuation Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 1), ""Army Day' in Our City to be Saturday, April 9; Military Display Booked" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 45 (May 26, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-113)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 45 (May 26, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-113)
"Seven Witnesses Testify in Favor of Evacuation Claims Legislation" (p. 1), "Jackson St. Council Elects Ten to Executive Council at Meet" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 78 (September 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-140)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 78 (September 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-140)
"Evangelical, Reformed Church Supports End of Racial Bias in Present Immigration Laws" (p. 1), "Laws Favoring Japanese OK'd" (p. 1),
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 38 (June 3, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-26)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 38 (June 3, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-26)
"Lest We Forget : The GI's Who Didn't Come Back " (p. 1), "Hears Pleas for Claims Board Bill" (p. 1),"MISLS to Send Teams East" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 102 (December 11, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-163)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 102 (December 11, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-163)
"Nisei Seeks U.S. Rights, Files Suit" (p. 1), "Last Rites for Sgt. John Hashimoto Will be on Saturday, Dec. 18" (p. 1), "JACL Will Distribute Claims Forms Dec. 17" (p. 1).
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