Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

543 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 15 (October 10, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 15 (October 10, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-40)
Selected article titles: "Boycott Started: Nakasone Still Under Fire; Backlash May Affect JAs" (pp. 1, 8), "Prop. 63 Hearings: Hayakawa Defends, Officials Attack Initiative" (pp. 1-2), "LEC Update: Caught in the Crossfire" (p. 4), and "Four Groups Give Update on Redress" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 12 (October 16, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 12 (October 16, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-37)
Selected article titles: "On 'Japanese Americans & the U.S. Constitution'" (pp. 1-2), "JACL Director Responds: California Releases UCB Report" (pp. 1, 6), "Supreme Court Denies Latest Bid in Yasui Case" (pp. 1, 5), and "Editorial of the Pacific Citizen: After H.R. 442: Action Alert" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 5 (February 6, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-5)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 5 (February 6, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-5)
Selected article titles: "Redress Co-Sponsor Sala Burton Dies at 61" (pp. 1, 3), "'Altar of Peace' a Labor of Love for JA Woodworker" (pp. 1-2), "Broadcaster's Remarks Sparked Controversy: Philadelphia's Blacks, Asians Start Dialogue" (p. 2), and "INS Official Explains Details of New Immigration Rules" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 18 (May 8, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 18 (May 8, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-18)
Selected article titles: "House Hearing: Justice Dept. Is Lone Voice Against Bill" (pp. 1-2, 5), "Ebens Found Not Guilty in Vincent Chin Retrial" (pp. 1-2), "Asian Lawyers Urge INS to End Arab Deportation Case" (pp. 1, 3), and "Mineta, Matsui Take Sides on Trade Amendment" (pp. 1, 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 2 (January 16, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 2 (January 16, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-2)
Selected article titles: "Broadcaster's Remarks Add to Black-Asian Tensions in Pa." (pp. 1-2), "Family, Attorneys to Continue Yasui Appeal" (pp. 1, 8), "Third Try: Redress Bill Is Introduced in 100th Congress" (p. 1), and "Arizona, Florida Next?: Proposition 63 Forces Plan Campaigns in Other States" (pp. 1, 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 15 (November 6, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 15 (November 6, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-40)
Selected article titles: "Diaries Returned: Wartime Distrust Followed Soldiers Across the Pacific" (p. 1), "Market Crash Halts Vote on S.1009" (p. 1), "Hearing on Anti-Asian Violence Set" (pp. 1, 5), and "Editorial of the Pacific Citizen: Gone But Not Forgotten" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 17 (November 20, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 17 (November 20, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-42)
Selected article titles: "JACL Urges Federal Tally of Anti-Asian Violence" (pp. 1, 5), "Chicago JACL Calls Kennedy Immigration Bill 'Racist'" (pp. 1, 3), "NCRR Calls for Letters to Reagan" (p. 5), and "Redress: An Issue for All Americans" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 2 (July 10-17, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 2 (July 10-17, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-27)
Selected article titles: "Houston Judge Rejects Claim of Discrimination" (pp. 1-2), "Bork's Nomination Seen as Threat to Class Action Suit" (p. 1), "Yasui Family Requests Court to Review Coram Nobis Case" (p. 1), and "Survey Underway: How Charitable Are Asian Americans?" (pp. 3, 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 16 (November 13, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 16 (November 13, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-41)
Selected article titles: "Section-by-Section Report: Committee's Analysis of S.100[9]" (pp. 1, 4), "Tenure Was Denied: UCLA Professor Files Racial Discrimination Suit" (pp. 1, 4), "Committee Okays 4 of Matsunaga's Amendments" (pp. 2-3), and "Attorney Aided Nikkei During WW2 Internment" (pp. 3, 11).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 19 (December 9-16, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 19 (December 9-16, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-44)
Selected article titles: "PSWD JACL & NCRR Co-Hosting ORA Redress Meeting" (p. 1), "Children of Mixed Marriages: San Fernando JACL Conducts Forum" (p. 1), "Cliff's Corner: The Heart Mountain Resisters" (pp. 4-5), and "Student Beat: Growing Up Nikkei in Wisconsin" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 4 (August 19-26, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 4 (August 19-26, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-29)
Selected article titles: "Reagan Signs Redress Bill" (pp. 1, 5), "American Blacks Upset by Japanese Politician, 'Sambo' Dolls" (pp. 2, 10), "Ujifusa Reveals 'Behind the Scenes' Look Behind Redress Success" (pp. 3-4), and "U.S.-Japan Relations Discussed at Convention Workshop" (pp. 8, 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 21 (May 27, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 21 (May 27, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-21)
Selected article titles: "House Votes to Approve Hate Crimes Statistics Act" (p. 1), "Report Addresses Voter Registration in the U.S." (pp. 1, 3, 5), "Recovery of JA History Urged at Conference" (pp. 1, 8), and "Redress Bills Still In Conference Process" (pp. 4, 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 11 (September 13, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 11 (September 13, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-37)
Select article titles: "JACL hails signing of civil rights bill" (p. 1); "$1.3 Million claims measure signed by Ike" (p. 1); Senate Interior Committee urges Hawaii statehood without further delaying action" (p. 1); "Cut red tape for Nisei hero" 9p. 3); "Texas would bar Negro GIs wedded to German wives" (p. 3); "Spot survey by ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 9 (August 30, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 9 (August 30, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-35)
Select article titles: "'Voting rights' bill nears approval, JACL calls for enactment by solons" (p. 1); House, Senate Approves over Million Dollars foor Claimants" (p. 1); "Teaching of English in japan Wide-open Field" (p. 2); "Housewife Urges Canada newspaper Drop use of 'Jap' in Headlines" (p. 5); "'Family Hardship' Immigration Bill O.K. By Congress Predicted ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 1 (July 3, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 1 (July 3, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-26)
Selected article titles: "Report Finds Asians Are Not Model Students" (pp. 1, 5), "Redress Progressing But Still Needs Help, LEC Officials Say" (pp. 1, 5), "The Fruits of Our Labor" (p. 4), and "Trimming PC's Deficit" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 4 (August 18-31, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 4 (August 18-31, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-16)
Selected article titles: "Voluntary Evacuees Are Now Eligible for Redress" (pp. 1, 12), "Signs of the Times: Highways Honor Vets" (pp. 1, 5), "Judge Ito: Solidarity in a Time of Anti-Asian Sentiment" (pp. 1, 12), and "Books: Novel Mixes Mystery with JA Internment" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 123, No. 9 (November 1-14, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 123, No. 9 (November 1-14, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-21)
Selected article titles: "Flap: Dallas Editor Disputes Nikkei Sense of 'Concentration Camps'" (pp. 1, 10), "Centennial: Biggest Group of Nikkei Gather for Celebration" (pp. 6, 9), "From the Frying Pan: Is the Nisei Generation Out of Touch?" (p. 8), and "Redress Is No Substitute for Lost Homelands" (pp. 9, 12).
A variety of letters to various politians in Washington, D.C. most likely from the NCRR (ddr-janm-4-7)
doc A variety of letters to various politians in Washington, D.C. most likely from the NCRR (ddr-janm-4-7)
Four 1-paged letters. One addressed to Vice President George Bush, one to House Majority Leader Thomas Foley, one to an unknown representative, and one to Richard Darman. It is unknown from where or from whom the letters came from because none of them are signed or even dated.
Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako
doc Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Talland Rozy Okazaki (postmarked July 8, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-36)
Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Talland Rozy Okazaki (July 8, 1991). Envelope is postmarked July 8, 1991 from Marine Del Ray, California.
Letter to Tsuyako
doc Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress (March 2, 1992) (ddr-janm-4-29)
Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress from the Office of Redress Administration (March 2, 1992).
In Memoriam booklet for U.S. Senator, Spark Masayuki Matsunaga (April 17-19, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-37)
doc In Memoriam booklet for U.S. Senator, Spark Masayuki Matsunaga (April 17-19, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-37)
In Memoriam booklet for United States Senator, Spark Masayuki Matsunaga. The memorial service took place in Honolulu, Hawai'i on April 17 through April 19, 1991.
Letter to Tsuyako
doc Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress (July 19, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-27)
Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress from the Office of Redress Administration (July 19, 1991).
NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) pamphlet (ddr-janm-4-39)
doc NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) pamphlet (ddr-janm-4-39)
NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) brief history and membership sign-up pamphlet.
API