Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (607)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

607 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 18 (May 9, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 18 (May 9, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-18)
Selected article titles: "Emotions Run High at House Hearing" (pp. 1, 7), "Reagan Administration Opposes Bill" (pp. 1, 7), "Internment Recalled in Calif. Desert" (pp. 1, 10), and "Scholar to Speak on Picture Brides' Story" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 16 (October 17, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 16 (October 17, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-41)
Selected article titles: "Veto of Calif. Bilingual Ed Bill Assailed" (pp. 1, 8), "S.F. Meeting: LEC Weighs Prospects for Redress in '87" (pp. 1, 8), "New 'Nissei Soldier' Documentary in the Works" (pp. 1, 8), and "450 Titles: Bibliography of Books on JAs Released" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 7 (September 11, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 7 (September 11, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-32)
Selected article titles: "Manzanar All-Camp: Reunion Celebrates U.S. Constitution" (pp. 1-2), "Program Encourages Leadership for JACL Members" (pp. 1, 3), "The U.S. Constitution: An Ideal Not Matched in Deeds" (p. 5), and "Hiroshima's Album 'Go' Stalls" (pp. 7-8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 8 (September 18, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 8 (September 18, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-33)
Selected article titles: "'Crunch Time' Blitz for Redress" (pp. 1, 3), "Politics Anathema to Justice" (pp. 1, 5), "Asian Drivers Subject of Racist Phone Recording" (p. 2), and "Japanese in U.S. Were Blamed for Pearl Harbor" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 11 (March 20, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 11 (March 20, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-11)
Selected article titles: "Senate Sponsors of Redress Bill Surpass Halfway Mark" (p. 1), "Asian Admissions Task Force Meets with UC President" (pp. 1, 3), "Finding the Funding" (pp. 4-5, 8), and "Funds Raised for LEC: New York Nikkei Commemorate Internment with Jazz" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 15 (April 17, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 15 (April 17, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-15)
Selected article titles: "Matsunaga Introduces Bill with 70 Senators' Support" (pp. 1-2), "Changes Needed in University Policies, Calif. Assembly Told" (pp. 1, 7-8), "AAPAA Ceremony: Morita Awarded for Film, Television Roles" (pp. 1, 3), and "From February 19, 1942" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 8 (April 19-May 2, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 8 (April 19-May 2, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-8)
Selected article titles: "From JACL: JACL Calls for Investigation into Beatings of Immigrants Near L.A." (p. 3), "National JACL Finances: Year-End Report 1995 Budget (Unaudited)" (p. 5), and "U.S. Pays 79,895 Redress Claimants, Adds Two Categories" (p. 6), and "Nisei Families 'Starting Over' Subject of New Documentary" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 12 (June 21-July 4, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 12 (June 21-July 4, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-12)
Selected article titles: "Film Is Focus of Northern California Forum on Race Violence" (p. 1), "Manzanar Bill Creating Land for Site Passes Subcommittee" (p. 1), "More Nisei GIs May Be in Line for Medal of Honor" (pp. 3, 10), and "Remembering a Japanese Bombsite in Oregon" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 123, No. 2 (July 19-August 1, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 123, No. 2 (July 19-August 1, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-14)
Selected article titles: "Regulations for New ORA Eligibility Categories Under Review" (pp. 1, 12), "Can Native Hawaiians Seeking Sovereignty Use Redress as a Model?" (p. 4), "Resolutions: Restoration of $50 Million for Redress Education Fund Leads Way" (p. 6), and "From the JACL National Director: Does JACL Have Any Programs?" (pp. 9-10, 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 19 (November 7, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 19 (November 7, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-44)
Selected article titles: "Inouye, Mineta Questioning Big Government Spending" (pp. 1, 3), "JACL Gets $75,000 Catholic Grant" (pp. 1-2), "E.O. 9066 Reparations Poll in Favor of Payment to Evacuees" (p. 1), "Poston Indians Welcome Pilgrimage" (p. 5), and "Dances in Camp" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 12 (September 19, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 12 (September 19, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-37)
Selected article titles: "Dean Speaks at Tri-District: Seek 'Redress' for Evacuees" (p. 1), "Manuscript of Canada Nikkei History Written" (pp. 1, 3), "House Repeals E.O. 9066" (p. 1), and "Guest Column: Women in Japan" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2071 (November 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2071 (November 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-47)
Selected article titles: "Anti-Iranian Passion Reminiscent of Pearl Harbor Era" (pp. 1-2), "Multicultural Emphasis Made to Milwaukee Schoolteachers" (p. 2), "JACL Initiate Contacts with Mexico Nikkei" (pp. 3-4), and "From the Midwest: The Invisible Woman: From Geisha to Feminist" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
Selected article titles: "JACL Deplores Mob Actions Brewed by Iranian Issue" (pp. 1-2), "3-Step Redress Push 'At This Time' Stated" (pp. 1, 7), "WRA Camp-born Sansei Warns Nisei Against Delusion about Evacuation" (p. 3), and "Nuclear Shell Shock?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2058 (August 31, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2058 (August 31, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-34)
Selected article titles: "WSU Treats Asian American Differently" (pp. 1-2), "People on the Potomac--Frank S. Sato: Inspector General for Dept. of Transportaion" (p. 3), "Question and Answer Fact Sheet on Redress: Isn't Redress a Price Tag on Freedom?" (pp. 5, 7), and "From Headquarters: Where Are We Going?" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2030 (February 16, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2030 (February 16, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-6)
Selected article titles: "Four Nikkei Legislators in Washington Support JACL Redress; Air 3 Concepts" (pp. 1-2), "Feb. 19: 'A Day of Remembrance'" (pp. 1, 4), "Names Compiled for Tule Lake Capsule" (p. 3), and "Nisei in Japan: The State of the Union" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2060 (September 14, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2060 (September 14, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-36)
Selected article titles: "Minidoka Dedicated as U.S. Historic Place" (pp. 1-2), "Non-Nikkei Reactions to Redress Make Print" (pp. 1, 5), and "From the Frying Pan: Anti-Japanese Emotions Still Erupting" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2045 (June 1, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2045 (June 1, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-21)
Selected article titles: "Harvey Itano: First Nisei Named to Nat'l Academy of Sciences" (p. 1), "First Friday Feature: The Chilling Fact Is the Same: Nikkei and Jews Both Interned by Their Own Nations for Only One Reason--Ancestry!" (p. 3), "A Question of Leadership" (p. 6), and "Nisei Relays Attract Record Entry of 364" (p. 11).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2050 (July 6, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2050 (July 6, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-26)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Leadership May Be Compromised: Eskimo Whaling vs. Moratorium Major IWC Issue" (pp. 1, 5), "East Wind: A Point of View: Redress" (p. 4), "From the Frying Pan: Tragedy of Vietnam's 'Boat People'" (p. 5), and "Pacific Sq. Marks Tanabata" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 11 (June 2-15, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 11 (June 2-15, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-11)
Selected article titles: "Honolulu Evacuees Eligible for Redress" (pp. 1, 3-4), "'O.J.' Publisher: It's Not Racism, It's Humor" (pp. 1, 4), "JACL National Board Meeting, May 6-7, 1995: Summary of Motions" (p. 6), and "Peru Nikkei to Host PANA Convention July 5-9" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 3 (August 4-17, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 3 (August 4-17, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-15)
Selected article titles: "Taking Sides in the Hot Debate on Affirmative Action" (pp. 1, 13), "Members, Board Must Reinvigorate JACL, Yasuhara Says" (p. 6), "Viewpoint: The Other Side of Affirmative Action" (p. 11), and "From the ORA: Potentially Eligible Redress Recipients" (pp. 15-18).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 98 (November 27, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-159)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 98 (November 27, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-159)
"Sabath Vows Support of Issei Rights" (p. 1), "Bias Noted in Chicago Cemeteries" (p. 1), "Claim Queries and Answers" (p. 1), "Community Basketball Season to Start Next Wed.,Dec. 1" (p. 3).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 101 (December 8, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-162)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 101 (December 8, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-162)
"Japanese in Tokyo Would Have to Pay 3,000 Yen for CARE Food Package" (p. 1), "Yothers of VFW Will Speak at Joint Rites on Saturday for Six Seattle War Heroes" (p. 1), "Claims Queries and Replies" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 6 (January 19, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-173)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 6 (January 19, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-173)
"Bias Noted in Jobs For Minorities" (p. 1), "Crematory Aide, After Reading Word from Gen. Clark, OK's Burial of Nisei" (p. 1), "Challenge Right of U.S. Ouster" (p. 1), "Additional Claim Queries, Replies" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 47 (June 11, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-214)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 47 (June 11, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-214)
"House Unanimously Passes Resolution to Give "All' Right to U.S. Citizenship" (p. 1), "JACL ADC Seeks "Same Consideration' as Japanese for Okinawa People" (p. 1), "Solons Act on Two Appropriations Providing for Claims Processing" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 71 (September 6, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-240)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 71 (September 6, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-240)
"Korean Situation Hampers ADC Efforts to Win Boost in Claims Plan Budget" (p. 1), "Walter Bill OK by Truman Expected Soon" (p. 1), "ADC Releases Full Text of GI Bride Bill" (p. 1).
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