Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (813)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

813 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2058 (August 31, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2058 (August 31, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-34)
Selected article titles: "WSU Treats Asian American Differently" (pp. 1-2), "People on the Potomac--Frank S. Sato: Inspector General for Dept. of Transportaion" (p. 3), "Question and Answer Fact Sheet on Redress: Isn't Redress a Price Tag on Freedom?" (pp. 5, 7), and "From Headquarters: Where Are We Going?" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2065 (October 19, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2065 (October 19, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-41)
Selected article titles: "More Co-Sponsors Back Internment Commission Bill" (p. 1), "PC Chronology: 1929-79 / Fifty Years" (p. 3), "Vol. 1, No. 1: What's What on the Pages in '29" (p. 3), and "Random Musings: The Nikkei Tradition" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2030 (February 16, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2030 (February 16, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-6)
Selected article titles: "Four Nikkei Legislators in Washington Support JACL Redress; Air 3 Concepts" (pp. 1-2), "Feb. 19: 'A Day of Remembrance'" (pp. 1, 4), "Names Compiled for Tule Lake Capsule" (p. 3), and "Nisei in Japan: The State of the Union" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2056 (August 17, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2056 (August 17, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-32)
Selected article titles: "Issei Naturalization Class Reactivating" (p. 1), "Job Bias Cases by Japanese Firms in U.S. Viewed" (p. 1), "Assemblyman Mori's Day of Remembrance Bill Signed" (p. 1), and "Question and Answer Fact Sheet: Didn't Pearl Harbor Justify Your Detention?" (pp. 5, 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2059 (September 7, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2059 (September 7, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-35)
Selected article titles: "45-Minute Film Documentary: On Terminal Island 'Eviction'" (p. 1), "National Convention: Two Chapters Bid for 1982" (pp. 1-2, 4), "Question and Answer Fact Sheet on Redress: Won't Campaign Cause a White Backlash?" (pp. 5, 7), and "From the Midwest: 'Affirmative Action'" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
Selected article titles: "JACL Deplores Mob Actions Brewed by Iranian Issue" (pp. 1-2), "3-Step Redress Push 'At This Time' Stated" (pp. 1, 7), "WRA Camp-born Sansei Warns Nisei Against Delusion about Evacuation" (p. 3), and "Nuclear Shell Shock?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2027 (January 26, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2027 (January 26, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-3)
Selected article titles: "I. Magnin, Joseph Magnin Urging Kenzo Label Change" (p. 1), "Yankee Samurai: Secret Role of Nisei in America's Pacific Victory" (pp. 1, 9-12), "Japan's Pearl Harbor Spy Saw Evacuation as 'Cruel Joke'" (p. 2), and "Min Yasui Letters: From the Multnomah Jail" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2054 (August 3, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2054 (August 3, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-30)
Selected article titles: "Minidoka Site Dedication: Sen. Church, Hosokawa Paired" (p. 1), "Viet Refugees in Japan Unhappy, Few Want to Stay" (p. 1), "From the Frying Pan: Chapter Vote on Redress" (p. 5), and "Jesse Kuhaulua Faces Toughest Sumo Bout: Career or Citizenship" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2060 (September 14, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2060 (September 14, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-36)
Selected article titles: "Minidoka Dedicated as U.S. Historic Place" (pp. 1-2), "Non-Nikkei Reactions to Redress Make Print" (pp. 1, 5), and "From the Frying Pan: Anti-Japanese Emotions Still Erupting" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No.2036 (March 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No.2036 (March 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-12)
Selected article titles: "Mineta at Univ. of Michigan: New Generation of Americans Need to Be Told" (p. 1), "Dr. Makio Murayama: Study on Oral Intake of Urea Urged for Sickle Cell Treatment" (p. 3), "East Wind: Divorce: Issei Style (None)" (pp. 5, 8), and "Judge Acquits Suspect in Nishizaki Murder" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2064 (October 12, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2064 (October 12, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-40)
Selected article titles: "114 Co-Sponsor HR 5499, Internment Commission Bill" (p. 1), "Assemblyman Mori Bill Solves Problem Cited by Nikkei Farmer" (p. 1), "Down to Earth: Relief in Sight" (p. 2), and "Redress Phase 2: HR 5499 in the Hopper" (pp. 4, 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2051 (July 13, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2051 (July 13, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-27)
Selected article titles: "'Yellow Peril' [Trademark] Voluntarily Abandoned" (p. 1), "Sen. Inouye Raps Colleague's Description of Evacuation" (pp. 1, 7), "Asians Eligible for SBA 8-A" (pp. 1, 5), and "'Japan Inc.' Firms Eye So. Calif. as Attractive U.S. Investment" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2057 (August 24, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2057 (August 24, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-33)
Selected article titles: "Viet Refugee-Texas Crabbers Clash Over Fishing Sites" (pp. 1, 3), "100 Boat People Rescued by French Tanker Lands in Japan" (p. 3), "Question and Answer Sheet: How About the Blessings of Evacuation?" (pp. 5, 7), and "Moshi Moshi: Tackling the Fuel Shortage" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2062 (September 28, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2062 (September 28, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-38)
Selected article titles: "House Leaders to Introduce Redress Bill" (p. 1), "Anger Seen as Successful Style for Viet Refugees into U.S. Life" (p. 1),"From the Frying Pan: Some 'Big Nisei' in the Healing Arts" (p. 5), and "From the Pacific Northwest: To Look Ahead--Look Back" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2074 (December 21-28, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-50)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2074 (December 21-28, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-50)
Special holiday issue. Selected article titles: "School Teacher Recalls Minidoka" (p. 26), "In Defense of JACL's Founding Membership Principle: Citizenship" (pp. 47-48), "Nikkei Impressions of Nikkei America After a Long Absence" (pp. 49, 92), and "Growing up in Postwar Japan" (pp. 54, 94). The holiday issue included advertisements bought by JACL members and chapters that included …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2042 (May 11, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2042 (May 11, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-18)
Selected article titles: "JACL Hosts Congressional Reception on Heritage Week" (pp. 1, 11), "$9,000 Raised for Washington Post Ad Addressed to Sen. Hayakawa" (pp. 1, 11), "Hiroshima Medical Team Back in U.S. to Check on Hibakusha" (p. 3), and "Substance Determining Sex in Embryo Discovered by Ohno" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2033 (March 9, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2033 (March 9, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-9)
Selected article titles: "JACL Drafting Bill for Redress Commission" (pp. 1, 4), "Hayakawa Aides See Boss as 'Superficial'" (p. 1, 8), "Travel Agency Owner Ordered to Pay Restitution to Victims" (p. 2), and "From Happy Valley: Chill of 1942" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2047 (June 15, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2047 (June 15, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-23)
Selected article titles: "JACL Position Statement: Redress, Commission Approach" (pp. 1, 3), "Rep. Matsui Heads Task Force on Narcotic Abuse by Elderly" (p. 2), "Third Friday Theme: Heavy Dialogue Precedes Nat'l Board Vote on Redress" (p. 3), and "Redress Issue Reactivates JACL Chapter After 25 Years" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2055 (August 10, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2055 (August 10, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-31)
Selected article titles: "Inouye, Matsunaga, Hayakawa, Cranston, Church, and McClure Co-Sponsor Study Bill for Redress" (pp. 1-2), "Munemori's Medals Enshrined at Ft. DeRussy Army Museum" (p. 1), "In the Wake of Hiroshima" (p. 3), and "Question and Answer Fact Sheet: Why Seek Redress? What Are the Issues?" (pp. 5, 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2053 (July 27, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2053 (July 27, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-29)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Responds to 'Save the Boat People' Campaign" (p. 1), "In the Last 100 Years: Estimate 905,000 Japanese Emigrated" (p. 1), "Guest Speaker: A 'No-No' Segregee" (pp. 4, 9), and "Nisei in Japan: Yankee Samurai Here and Now" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2050 (July 6, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2050 (July 6, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-26)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Leadership May Be Compromised: Eskimo Whaling vs. Moratorium Major IWC Issue" (pp. 1, 5), "East Wind: A Point of View: Redress" (p. 4), "From the Frying Pan: Tragedy of Vietnam's 'Boat People'" (p. 5), and "Pacific Sq. Marks Tanabata" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2048 (June 22, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2048 (June 22, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-24)
Selected article titles: "1980 Census Plans Thorough Coverage" (pp. 1, 4), "Addabbo Law Amendment Near Passage" (p. 1), "Wendy's Conviction Upheld" (pp. 1-2), and "Down to Earth: 'Political Realities' for the Nisei" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2034 (March 16, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2034 (March 16, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-10)
Selected article titles: "United Way Help Sought for Asians in L.A." (p. 1), "Japan America Societies Form Nat'l Assn." (pp. 1, 3), "Only West Coast Public Official to Condemn Evacuation Proposal" (p. 3), and "Rohwer Revisited, Locals Wonder Why" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2041 (May 4, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2041 (May 4, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-17)
Selected article titles: "Omission of Asians 'Glaring Oversight' on U.S. List Designating 'Minorities'" (pp. 1-2, 11), "First Friday Feature: Angel Island Immigration Station Dedicated" (p. 3), "Japan Today: May 4-10 Asian/Pacific American Heritage Week" (p. 6), and "West Coast Nisei Farmers in 1942, if Given a Free Choice, Wanted to Remain" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen , Vol. 88, No. 2029 (February 9, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-5)
doc Pacific Citizen , Vol. 88, No. 2029 (February 9, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-5)
Selected article titles: "Hayakawa Vows to Filibuster When Redress Bill Up" (pp. 1, 3, 12), "Chinese Filling U.S. Immigration Quota Fast'" (p. 1), "Butadofu: Phil Jordan: 'Silicon Valley' Shenanigans" (p. 5), and "Redress Phase Two: John Tateishi: A Moral Issue" (p. 6).
API