Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (812)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

812 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2049 (June 29, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2049 (June 29, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-25)
Selected article titles: "Wendy Seeks Public Support" (p. 1), "Dr. Edmund Jung Wins Bias Case" (p. 1), "13 Asians Cultures Featured at Heritage Week" (p. 3), and "Calif. Columnist Raps Hayakawa for Failing to Understand Redress" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2032 (March 2, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2032 (March 2, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-8)
Selected article titles: "'A Day of Remembrance' Observed Coast to Coast" (pp. 1-2, 6-7, 12), "JACL to Draft Its Redress Bill This Weekend" (pp. 1, 11), "JARR Not Getting Filled...Noteworthy Nikkei Needed" (pp. 3, 8), and "Down to Earth: More to Remember" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 18 (May 7, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 18 (May 7, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-18)
Selected article titles: "JACL Seeks Whereabouts of 314 'Fired Calif. Employees'" (pp. 1, 5), "Redress Phase 4: JACL '42 Leadership" (p. 2), "Guest's Corner: Racism: Are We Part of the Problem?" (p. 4), "Prewar Nikkei Community of 2,100 Families in Imperial Valley Down to 3" (p. 7), and "P.L. 503 Makes Mockery of the U.S. Constitution" …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 22 (June 4, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 22 (June 4, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-22)
Selected article titles: "Can't Calculate Redress in Dollars, Says Marutani" (pp. 1, 6), "North Carolina DMV Starts Recalling 'JAP' License Plates" (p. 1), "Guest's Corner: Grave Implications of Forcing Japan to Rearm" (p. 4), "West Wind: Why Don't You Go Back Where You Came From?" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 17 (October 22, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 17 (October 22, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-42)
Selected article titles: "Goldberg Says Writ of Coram Nobis Would Be 'Fruitless'" (pp. 1, 4), "Korean Students in S.F. Stage Protest Over Japan Textbooks" (p. 1), "Guest's Column: NCJAR Leader Reviews JACL Story" (p. 7), and "Nat'l Bd. Decides on Redress Budget, Aging & Retirement" (pp. 8-9, 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 19 (November 5, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 19 (November 5, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-44)
Selected article titles: "Gardena Rescinds Its 1942 'Evacuation' Resolution" (p. 1), "A-Bomb Survivor Returns to Nagasaki for Medical Care" (pp. 1, 5), "Redress Sought for JAs Fired by L.A. County During WW2" (p. 1), and "Former WRA Director Dillon S. Meyer Dies" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 16 (April 23, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 16 (April 23, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-16)
Selected article titles: "Noguchi to Fight Demotion by Board" (pp. 1, 5), "Anti-Japanese Resentment in U.S. Growing" (pp. 1, 4), "Redress Phase 4: 40-Year Wait" (p. 2), and "From the Frying Pan: Heart Mountain Reunion: A Warm Occasion" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 8 (February 26, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 8 (February 26, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-8)
Selected article titles: "'Reagan's Raids': People or Numbers" (pp. 1, 8), "JACL Now Preparing for 3-Year Redress Campaign" (pp. 1, 10), "East Wind: Issei Principles" (p. 5), and "Moshi-Moshi: Samrai Without Mystique--Kabu" (p. 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 4 (January 29, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 4 (January 29, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-4)
Selected article titles: "Comments from the Midwest: JACL's Top Priority: Goal Setting" (pp. 1, 10), "Japan Eases Ban of Untreated U.S. Farm Products" (p. 2), "Ye Editor's Desk: '…'Tis Not Too Late to Seek a Newer World'" (pp. 4, 7), and "Mineta Is a 'Mystery Man' to White House Staffers" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 23 (December 3, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 23 (December 3, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-48)
Selected article titles: "Johnston Issues 'Last Call' for Former Ca. State Workers" (pp. 1, 8), "Nikkei Autoworker Speaks Out on U.S. Industry's Problems" (pp. 1, 8), "Another 'Relocation'" (pp. 6, 8), and "U.S. Doctor Recalls Nagasaki After Bombing: 'Ghost Town'" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 5 (February 5, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-5)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 5 (February 5, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-5)
Selected article titles: "Senator Proposes Public Lands as Form of Redress" (pp. 1-2), "Redress Phase 3: CWRIC Extension" (p. 2), and "From the Frying Pan: Japanese Seem to Lack Two Enzymes for Guzzling" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 12 (March 26, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 12 (March 26, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-12)
Selected article titles: "Coroner Noguchi Controversy: Supervisors Postpone Move to Suspend" (pp. 1, 8), "Sansei Judges Face Challengers" (pp. 1, 3), "Redress Phase 4: Implementing [501(c)4]" (p. 2), and "From the Frying Pan: After Redress, Do We Need a No-Evacuation Law?" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 17 (April 30, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 17 (April 30, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-17)
Selected article titles: "Rose Ochi's Community and Legal Forte Highlights Her Bid for Congress" (pp. 1, 3), "Letterbox: Tough Questions on U.S.-Japan Affairs Face Nat'l JACL" (pp. 4, 7), "From the Frying Pan: Rohwer Camp Memorial, Et Al" (p. 5), and "Musubi: Redress (?) for 'What Might Have Been'" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 23 (June 11, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 23 (June 11, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-23)
Selected article titles: "Interned JAs 'Must Be Compensated': Goldberg" (p. 1), "Former Government Attorney Urges Reopening of Korematsu" (pp. 1, 10), "Speaking Out: Some Thoughts on Redress" (p. 2), and "Helping Young People to Relate to Evacuation on Personal Level" (p. 9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 10 (September 3, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 10 (September 3, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-35)
Selected article titles: "Revised WW2 History Becomes Japanese Foreign Policy Issue" (pp. 1, 8), "Lobbying Effort Sought to Keep 5th Preference in Immigrant Law" (pp. 1, 8), "After 40 Yrs., Fresno Bee Takes New Stand on WW2 Evacuation" (p. 2), and "From Happy Valley: In Praise of Issei Women" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 10 (March 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 10 (March 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-10)
Selected article titles: "Before Supreme Court: Seattle JACL Files Supporting Brief on Desegregating Schools" (pp. 1, 4), "Redress Phase 4: 'Direct' Individual Payment" (p. 2), "40th Anniversary of E.O. 9066 Proclamation: Silence: a 40-Year Cover-Up Conspiracy?" (p. 2), "From the Frying Pan: When Are Asian Americans Not a Minority?" (p. 5), and "Service to Community Undermines …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 13 (April 2, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 13 (April 2, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-13)
Selected article titles: "Hiroshima A-Bomb Survivors in Senate Urge Nuclear Arm Limit" (p. 1), "Noguchi Vows to Fight 30-Day Suspension" (p. 1), "Reparations and the Law" (pp. 2, 8), and "1980 Asian/Pacific Population of U.S. by State" [table] (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 7 (February 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 7 (February 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-7)
Selected article titles: "EO 9066 Proclaimed 40 Years Ago" (pp. 1-2), "Immigration Raids to Continue; Ten Aliens Voluntarily Go Home" (pp. 1, 8), "Redress Phase 3: Remembering 9066" (p. 2), and "School Discipline in Tokyo Falling" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 12 (September 17, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 12 (September 17, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-37)
Selected article titles: "JACL Urges Retention of 5th Preference in Immigrant Bill" (p. 1), "Names of Former State Workers Eligible for AB 2710 Released" (pp. 1-2), "Noguchi Begins His Defense" (p. 3), and "From the Frying Pan: Nisei Aging Project in Critical Need" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 11 (March 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 11 (March 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-11)
Selected article titles: "Noguchi Back in Center of Controversy" (pp. 1-2), "JACL-PSWDC Asks County for 'Fair Handling' of Noguchi Issue" (pp. 1, 6-7), "Letterbox: Mike Masaoka's Post-Operative Comments on Redress" (p. 4), and "From the Frying Pan: 'Redress' Repeats Mistake of WW2, Says Masugi" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 25 (December 17, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-50)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 25 (December 17, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-50)
Selected article titles: "Matsui Chides Hayakawa for Dec. 7 Anti-Redress Speech" (p. 1), "U.S.-Japan Trade: Showdown Nears" (pp. 1, 4), "A-Bomb Survivors to Seek Hibakusha Research Bill" (p. 2), and "From the Frying Pan: Niihau: Bizarre Episode of WWII" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 24 (June 18, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 24 (June 18, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-24)
Selected article titles: "JA State Employee Compensation Bill Passes California Assembly" (p. 1), "Census: Asians Most Educated, Most Employed, 50% Own Home" (pp. 1, 8), "Redress Phase 4: Aug. 10 Workshop" (p. 2), and "'Desert Exile'--A Moving Story Skillfully Told" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-1)
Selected article titles: "Legal Experts Discuss Redress for Japanese American Internees" (pp. 1-2), "Go for Broke: A Pictorial History of the Japanese American 100th Infantry and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team" (pp. 8-12), "Comparative Survey Shows Aged Japanese Worry Less, Prefer Work Until Age 70 to Leisure" (p. 12), and "Toronto Nikkei Backs New Human Rights …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 9 (March 5, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 9 (March 5, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-9)
Selected article titles: "Nisei Veteran Wins Honorable Army Discharge After 36 Years" (p. 1), "'Day of Remembrance' in 1982: WW2 Aid of Quakers Recalled" (p. 1), "Redress Phase 3: JACL's Redress Ambassador Min" (p. 2), and "Trust Fund for Redress Seen as Breech of Faith" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 21 (November 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 21 (November 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-46)
Selected article titles: "Census Director Denies Stats Were Used to Intern Nikkei" (pp. 1, 5), "Payment for Fired Nikkei L.A. County Workers Passes" (p. 1), "Another 'Relocation'" (pp. 4-5), and "From the Frying Pan: Memorializing the Heart Mountain Camp" (p. 5).
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