442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (218)
Military service (1161)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1987)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

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1987 items
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-58)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-58)
Nisei soldier's caption: Menton is a resort city with more hotels than one can count. But it was deserted as all the civilians were evacuated partly for security reasons and for their protection. But the jerries seemed to know which building our C.P. was. Our first C.P. was shelled so we moved to another hotel, the …
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-62)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-62)
Nisei soldier's caption: M.P. Frank Mayeda. To get away from the untasty we traded some of our ration for vegetable. Got rid of our beans, coffee, bread, cereal and etc.
Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-108)
img Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-108)
Nisei soldier's caption: Few of us were able to visit Venice on pass. Yes we saw the canals, more like sewers the looks of the water.
Nisei soldiers visiting Bagnoli (ddr-densho-164-15)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Bagnoli (ddr-densho-164-15)
Nisei soldier's caption: Bagnoli near Naples. After our battalion and the 442nd attached to the 84 division fought to Arno and winning a presidential citation at Varoa near Leghorn we pulled back to Naples in preparation to go to France. Joined here by 800 replacements. Since Bagnoli was close to Naples and Pompeii we went visiting …
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-53)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-53)
Nisei soldier's caption: Orange trees. Note the G.I. telephone wire.
Nisei soldiers visiting Pompeii (ddr-densho-164-19)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Pompeii (ddr-densho-164-19)
Nisei soldier's caption: Pompeii is still being dug. This is the business district. This city at the time before the disaster was very civilized. Noted lead pipes to bring in water and also of interest to the boys. The casino with very vivid illustrations on the walls.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-27)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-27)
Nisei soldier's caption: St. Martin's a town in the French Alps. After the tough time up north it was pretty easy here. It was a beautiful country so clean and untouched by war. Our Bn. was spread far out companies being from 10 to 20 miles away from the C.P. Just occasional patrols and jeep patrols. …
Nisei soldiers visiting Mt. Vesuvius (ddr-densho-164-16)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Mt. Vesuvius (ddr-densho-164-16)
Nisei soldier's caption: Mt. Vesuvius near Naples. After our battalion and the 442nd attached to the 84 division fought to Arno and winning a presidential citation at Varoa near Leghorn we pulled back to Naples in preparation to go to France. Joined here by 800 replacements. Since Bagnoli was close to Naples and Pompeii we went …
Nisei soldiers visiting Rome (ddr-densho-164-12)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Rome (ddr-densho-164-12)
Nisei soldier's caption: Arch of Rome. The war bypassed this city, it being declared an open city.
Barbed wire barricade (ddr-densho-164-41)
img Barbed wire barricade (ddr-densho-164-41)
Nisei soldier's caption: Barb wire barricade, Menton Beach. Center hill German held. At first we walked around the beach but later German shelled so we couldn't. Mines were all over the place. A British warship shelled the Pistant Hills periodically.
USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-106)
img USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-106)
Nisei soldier's caption: We were fortunate to see again good old American beauty when "The Jinx" visited us in Lecco. Cameras really were clicking.
Italian women washing clothes (ddr-densho-164-79)
img Italian women washing clothes (ddr-densho-164-79)
Nisei soldier's caption: Gragnana, Washday. Note GI clothed in back. All could be washed for a pack of cigarettes.
The Anzio Express (ddr-densho-164-2)
img The Anzio Express (ddr-densho-164-2)
Nisei soldier's caption: The Anzio Express. The big German Railway gun, left behind by the enemy as we overrun Rome from Anzio. This guy was used to shell our positions at the beach. Picture taken in June 1944 in Civitavecchia, north of Rome.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-52)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-52)
Nisei soldier's caption: Pee Wee Iwamoto and Kimura.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-80)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-80)
Nisei soldier's caption: Port of Genoa, mostly in ruins.
Nisei soldier in front of a car (ddr-densho-164-26)
img Nisei soldier in front of a car (ddr-densho-164-26)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our booty. Biffontaine Task Force. Surprised a Bn. C.P. and a Major.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-97)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-97)
Nisei soldier's caption: Chewing the fat and splicing wire.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-36)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-36)
Nisei soldier's caption: We headed again East. Passed Monte Carlo.
USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-102)
img USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-102)
Nisei soldier's caption: We were fortunate to see again good old American beauty when "The Jinx" visited us in Lecco. Cameras really were clicking.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-92)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-92)
Nisei soldier's caption: Platoon Boozers Tsukamoto, Hashimoto, Yamagata. After weathering sandstorms, wind, hot and cold weather, sad partings, we left here the latter part of June and went to Lecco on the shores of Lake Como, and I think the best part of Italy.
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