Religion

Japanese Americans used religion as one way to handle the stress of the incarceration experience. Church served as both a spiritual comfort and a place for community gatherings. On Sundays, Buddhist and Christian services and Sunday schools were held in the recreation halls. State Shintoism was another popular religion within the Japanese American community but was banned by the U.S. government on the grounds that it included "Emperor worship." Church services initially were given in both Japanese and English, but camp authorities later banned the use of Japanese at all group gatherings (although translation into Japanese was later permitted at some religious services).

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1199)
Religion (245)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Paul M. Nagano

245 items
Granada Christian Church Sunday School news, 1942 (ddr-csujad-7-21)
doc Granada Christian Church Sunday School news, 1942 (ddr-csujad-7-21)
Newsletter put out by the Granada Christian Church for it's congregation. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Granada Christian Church Sunday School News
Granada Christian Church news, vol. 1, no. 2, 1942 (ddr-csujad-7-20)
doc Granada Christian Church news, vol. 1, no. 2, 1942 (ddr-csujad-7-20)
Newsletter for the Granada Christian Church congregation. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Granada Christian Church News
Inscription on a Hill (ddr-csujad-13-8)
img Inscription on a Hill (ddr-csujad-13-8)
An inscription was placed on a mountain side that reads, "1943 Aug. 31 Katsumi Sato, Tsutomu Matsumoto, Masato Nakashima, Kiyoshi Fukumitsu Paint Crew." Caption on back of photograph reads, "inscription at top of highest peak by Japs during Christian gathering in Aug 43. Japs inscription is only date of gathering." See this object in the California …
Manzanar From Inside Out (ddr-csujad-19-2)
doc Manzanar From Inside Out (ddr-csujad-19-2)
Text of address by Roy Nash, Director of the Manzanar War Relocation Project, given to the Commonwealth Club of California, San Francisco, on July 31, 1942 for the purpose of "interpret[ing] the actuality of a War Relocation Center housing 10,000 evacuees" in view of perceptions of mistreatment of incarcerees in California. Sections of the speech include …
Letter from Herbert Nicholson to Michi Weglyn, October 30, 1980 (ddr-csujad-24-8)
doc Letter from Herbert Nicholson to Michi Weglyn, October 30, 1980 (ddr-csujad-24-8)
A letter from Herbert Nicholson to Michi Weglyn about his experiences working with other religious figures in the Manzanar incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_008
Card from 307 YBA to Mitzi Naohara, March 24, 1945 (ddr-csujad-38-369)
doc Card from 307 YBA to Mitzi Naohara, March 24, 1945 (ddr-csujad-38-369)
An invitation card to farewell social for Hideko Mayeda and Frank G. Tanaka sponsored by 307 Young Buddhist Association (YBA) held at 307 Mess Hall in the Poston camp in Arizona at 7:30 PM on March 24, 1945. It was sent to Mitzi Masukawa Naohara incarcerated at the Poston camp. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook …
Bussei review, vol. 2, no. 8 (Jan. 11, 1944): pages 15-16 (ddr-csujad-38-359)
doc Bussei review, vol. 2, no. 8 (Jan. 11, 1944): pages 15-16 (ddr-csujad-38-359)
New year's edition of "Bussei review"published on January 11, 1944, in the Poston camp in Arizona. It is published by Poston III Young Buddhist Association (YBA) which is affiliated with the Buddhist Church of America. It contains pages 15-16. Pages 1-14 are found in item: csudh_nao_0417. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 8. See …
Bussei review, vol. 2, no. 8 (Jan. 11, 1944): pages 1-14 (ddr-csujad-38-358)
doc Bussei review, vol. 2, no. 8 (Jan. 11, 1944): pages 1-14 (ddr-csujad-38-358)
New year's edition of "Bussei review"published on January 11, 1944, at the Poston camp in Arizona. It is published by Poston III Young Buddhist Association (YBA) which is affiliated with the Buddhist Church of America. It contains pages 1-14. Pages 15-16 are found in item: csudh_nao_0418. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 7. See …
Funeral at Manzanar incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-36-7)
img Funeral at Manzanar incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-36-7)
Group photograph of a funeral at the Manzanar incarceration camp. A Buddhist church is pictured behind the group. A photo from: Manzanar Photo Album. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: man_01_008
Funeral at Manzanar incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-36-11)
img Funeral at Manzanar incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-36-11)
Group photograph of a funeral for Mrs. Sachiko Sewaki at the Manzanar Christian Church in the Manzanar incarceration camp. A photo from: Manzanar Photo Album. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: man_01_012
Buddhist gathas and services (ddr-csujad-39-1)
doc Buddhist gathas and services (ddr-csujad-39-1)
YBA Sunday Service Program created by the Amache Young Buddhist Association at the Granada (Amache) incarceration camp. Table of contents: Aspiration, Three Treasures, Golden Chain, Ti-Sarana, English Gathas, Japanese Gathas, and Junirai. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nat_01
General outline of the life and teachings of the Lord Buddha: Buddhist symbolism (ddr-csujad-48-60)
doc General outline of the life and teachings of the Lord Buddha: Buddhist symbolism (ddr-csujad-48-60)
A General Outline of the Life and Teachings of the Lord Buddha: Buddhist Symbolism; published by Buddhist Brotherhood in America. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0060
Manzanar from the inside (ddr-csujad-48-62)
doc Manzanar from the inside (ddr-csujad-48-62)
Text of address by Roy Nash, Director of the Manzanar War Relocation Project, given to the Commonwealth Club of California, San Francisco, on July 31, 1942 for the purpose of "interpret[ing] the actuality of a War Relocation Center housing 10,000 evacuees" in view of perceptions of mistreatment of incarcerees in California. Sections of the speech include …
Buddhist gathas and services, with gassho (ddr-csujad-55-1949)
doc Buddhist gathas and services, with gassho (ddr-csujad-55-1949)
List and lyrics for Buddhist gathas used at Tule Lake incarceration camp. Includes lyrics for Buddhist gathas (verses), Happy Little Children, Hour of Meditation, Juni-Rai, Kokun, Three Treasure, How Glorious is Thy Dhamma, Softly Blew the Breezes, Nichiyo Bi, and Kiyoki Madoi. Signed by Setsuko Abe. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Newell star, vo. 1, no. 30 (September 21, 1944) (ddr-csujad-55-1971)
doc Newell star, vo. 1, no. 30 (September 21, 1944) (ddr-csujad-55-1971)
Newsletter published at Tule Lake incarceration camp. Covers news, events, community activities, job openings, sports, and schedule of church services. Includes English and Japanese. From the Masako Adachi scrapbook, page 18. See also sac_jaac_1953. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1974
Desert echoes 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-143)
doc Desert echoes 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-143)
Yearbook, "Desert echoes" 1943, created by the members of the 1st Junior Christian Church at the Poston incarceration camp, Poston Arizona. Includes essays by church leaders, history of vacation bible school and the first Junior Church, parish and inter-parish activities, biographical information on pastors, list of officers, essay competition, parish organizations and activities, "Ideal Girl" and …
Memo from Jiro Fujioka, Co-operating with Block Chairmen, Heart Mountain, to Rev. Kubose, June 7, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-694)
doc Memo from Jiro Fujioka, Co-operating with Block Chairmen, Heart Mountain, to Rev. Kubose, June 7, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-694)
Memorandum from Jiro Fujioka to Speaker, Rev. Kubose, regarding his speech on Buddhist young people's psychology at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. Includes handwritten comments. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0696
Invitation to Carry on Bussei (ddr-csujad-55-217)
doc Invitation to Carry on Bussei (ddr-csujad-55-217)
Invitation to Bussei (Young Buddhist Association) gathering at an incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0219
Religion (ddr-csujad-55-1462)
doc Religion (ddr-csujad-55-1462)
Scrapbook page containing a brief essay on religious groups and services at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Includes a program from the Christmas 1943 Protestant Christmas program. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 111. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State …
YBA farewell service (ddr-csujad-55-226)
doc YBA farewell service (ddr-csujad-55-226)
Program for the Young Buddhist Association farewell service. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0228
Minutes from the Heart Mountain Community Council meeting, special session, April 21, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-555)
doc Minutes from the Heart Mountain Community Council meeting, special session, April 21, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-555)
Minutes from the Heart Mountain Community Council meeting and Special Session. Includes report on meeting of Buddhist and Christian ministers. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0557
Heart Mountain Community Christian Church, vol. 1, no. 51 (March 5, 1944) (ddr-csujad-55-1604)
doc Heart Mountain Community Christian Church, vol. 1, no. 51 (March 5, 1944) (ddr-csujad-55-1604)
Newsletter of the Heart Mountain Community Christian Church covering a calendar of church events, camp visitors, church members who left camp, and schedules for junior church services and adult English services. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1606
Harmony in Sangha (ddr-csujad-55-221)
doc Harmony in Sangha (ddr-csujad-55-221)
Program for the candlelight installation ceremony of the Ward IV Young Buddhist Association. Includes ceremony schedule, list of officers, and welcome address. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0223
Buddhist digest: Heart Mountain Buddhist Church weekly journal, vol. 1, no. 6 (July 31, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1083)
doc Buddhist digest: Heart Mountain Buddhist Church weekly journal, vol. 1, no. 6 (July 31, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1083)
Weekly bulletin from the Heart Mountain Buddhist Church. Includes "Mirror", a reflection on Bodhisattva by Rev. Kubose, information and a program schedule for the Y.P. evening service, Buddhist Sunday School, library list, and choir sign up. Includes text in Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1085
Postcard from Heart Mountain Community Christian Church Board to Mr. Shoji Nagumo, July 23, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-998)
doc Postcard from Heart Mountain Community Christian Church Board to Mr. Shoji Nagumo, July 23, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-998)
Correspondence from the Heart Mountain Community Christian Church to Shoji Nagumo regarding an upcoming cabinet meeting. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1000
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