Religion

Japanese Americans used religion as one way to handle the stress of the incarceration experience. Church served as both a spiritual comfort and a place for community gatherings. On Sundays, Buddhist and Christian services and Sunday schools were held in the recreation halls. State Shintoism was another popular religion within the Japanese American community but was banned by the U.S. government on the grounds that it included "Emperor worship." Church services initially were given in both Japanese and English, but camp authorities later banned the use of Japanese at all group gatherings (although translation into Japanese was later permitted at some religious services).

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1243)
Religion (245)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Paul M. Nagano

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245 items
Camp chapel (ddr-densho-93-42)
img Camp chapel (ddr-densho-93-42)
Original Ansel Adams caption: Entrance, Catholic chapel (V), Manzanar Relocation Center, California / photograph by Ansel Adams.
Buddhist church service (ddr-densho-93-45)
img Buddhist church service (ddr-densho-93-45)
Original Ansel Adams caption: Buddhist service, Manzanar Relocation Center, California / photograph by Ansel Adams.
Japanese American in front of Christian church sign (ddr-densho-93-53)
img Japanese American in front of Christian church sign (ddr-densho-93-53)
Original Ansel Adams caption: Tatsuo Miyake (student of divinity) / photograph by Ansel Adams.
Sunday school class (ddr-densho-93-43)
img Sunday school class (ddr-densho-93-43)
Original Ansel Adams caption: Sunday school class, Manzanar Relocation Center, California / photograph by Ansel Adams.
Sunday School class (ddr-densho-106-9)
img Sunday School class (ddr-densho-106-9)
Betty Morita Shibayama is in the back row, sixth from the right.
Follow up memo regarding church ministers receiving salaries (ddr-densho-356-916)
doc Follow up memo regarding church ministers receiving salaries (ddr-densho-356-916)
Memo to James Lindley from John Provinse following up to update the list of ministers at Amache receiving a salary from his church.
Memo regarding church ministers receiving salaries (ddr-densho-356-911)
doc Memo regarding church ministers receiving salaries (ddr-densho-356-911)
Memo from John H. Provinse regarding Christian Ministers receiving salaries from their national organizations. Included is a list of ministers at Amache who are receiving a salary and how much that salary is per month.
Memo regarding future public assistance grants to ministers (ddr-densho-356-917)
doc Memo regarding future public assistance grants to ministers (ddr-densho-356-917)
Memo to John J. O. Moore from W. Ray Johnson regarding the compensation ministers are receiving from the outside and from supporters. Recommends not providing further public assistance.
Easter Service Program (ddr-densho-356-815)
doc Easter Service Program (ddr-densho-356-815)
Program for Easter Service at the Granada Christian Church on April 25, 1943.
Memo regarding ending public assistance grants to ministers (ddr-densho-356-918)
doc Memo regarding ending public assistance grants to ministers (ddr-densho-356-918)
Memo from John J. O. Moore to caseworkers to inform them of the reason to end public assistance grants to ministers, and scrutinize visit requests and grants for unemployment due to enrollment in Japanese Language School.
Gathas and Service (ddr-densho-387-6)
doc Gathas and Service (ddr-densho-387-6)
English and Japanese language of Gathas and Services for Buddhist Services at Manzanar. The English reads left to right starting from the cover. The Japanese reads right to left starting at the cover.
Gathas and Service (ddr-densho-387-7)
doc Gathas and Service (ddr-densho-387-7)
English and Japanese language of Gathas and Services for Buddhist Services at Manzanar. The English reads left to right starting from the cover. The Japanese reads right to left starting at the cover.
Gathas and Service (ddr-densho-387-5)
doc Gathas and Service (ddr-densho-387-5)
English and Japanese language of Gathas and Services for Buddhist Services at Manzanar. The English reads left to right starting from the cover. The Japanese reads right to left starting at the cover.
Rev. L. H. Tibesar posing with the Kinoshita family at gates of Camp Minidoka, Idaho (ddr-densho-403-8)
img Rev. L. H. Tibesar posing with the Kinoshita family at gates of Camp Minidoka, Idaho (ddr-densho-403-8)
Rev. L. H. Tibesar, Maryknoll and pastor of Our Lady Queen of Martyrs, Seattle posed at Minidoka Concentration Camp near Hunt, Idaho. (L to R) Y. M. McLaughlin, Charles Kinoshita, Fred Kinoshita, Mary Kinoshita, Akino Kinoshita, Jean Alexander, Rev. L. H. Tibesar. This content is copyright restricted. Densho and its partners have received permission from the …
Group photograph in front of a camp building (ddr-fom-1-76)
img Group photograph in front of a camp building (ddr-fom-1-76)
This group was involved in church activities at Minidoka.
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