Religion

Japanese Americans used religion as one way to handle the stress of the incarceration experience. Church served as both a spiritual comfort and a place for community gatherings. On Sundays, Buddhist and Christian services and Sunday schools were held in the recreation halls. State Shintoism was another popular religion within the Japanese American community but was banned by the U.S. government on the grounds that it included "Emperor worship." Church services initially were given in both Japanese and English, but camp authorities later banned the use of Japanese at all group gatherings (although translation into Japanese was later permitted at some religious services).

World War II (231)
Concentration camps (1434)
Religion (255)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Paul M. Nagano

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255 items
Divine service (ddr-csujad-55-77)
doc Divine service (ddr-csujad-55-77)
Program for worship service for the 442nd Combat Team at Camp Shelby. Services were held during a visit from incarcerees from the Rohwer and Jerome incarceration camps. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00081
Photograph of a drawing and a prayer card from an Italian internee, Ft. Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1341)
doc Photograph of a drawing and a prayer card from an Italian internee, Ft. Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1341)
Mounted black and white photograph of a drawing of "Santa Maria Fort Missoula" and mounted Italian Catholic prayer card depicting Jesus. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947" page 12. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1343
Religion in Poston (ddr-csujad-55-1720)
doc Religion in Poston (ddr-csujad-55-1720)
Report by James Sera, Senior Research Worker, on religious groups at Poston incarceration camp. Covers the Catholic Church, Y.W.C.A, and Buddhist churches. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1722
Buddhist digest: Heart Mountain Buddhist Church weekly journal, vol. 1, no. 6 (July 31, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1083)
doc Buddhist digest: Heart Mountain Buddhist Church weekly journal, vol. 1, no. 6 (July 31, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1083)
Weekly bulletin from the Heart Mountain Buddhist Church. Includes "Mirror", a reflection on Bodhisattva by Rev. Kubose, information and a program schedule for the Y.P. evening service, Buddhist Sunday School, library list, and choir sign up. Includes text in Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1085
Postcard from Heart Mountain Community Christian Church Board to Mr. Shoji Nagumo, July 23, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-998)
doc Postcard from Heart Mountain Community Christian Church Board to Mr. Shoji Nagumo, July 23, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-998)
Correspondence from the Heart Mountain Community Christian Church to Shoji Nagumo regarding an upcoming cabinet meeting. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1000
Buddhist digest: Heart Mountain Buddhist Church weekly journal, vol. 1, no. 5 (July 24 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1080)
doc Buddhist digest: Heart Mountain Buddhist Church weekly journal, vol. 1, no. 5 (July 24 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1080)
Weekly bulletin from the Heart Mountain Buddhist Church. Covers the Buddhist library books available, spiritual reflection by Rev. Cubase, and other church announcements. Includes Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1082
Toshiye Hirose interview (ddr-csujad-6-7)
doc Toshiye Hirose interview (ddr-csujad-6-7)
Oral history interview with Toshiye Hirose. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_HIROSE_TOSHIYE
Granada Christian Church Sunday School news, 1942 (ddr-csujad-7-21)
doc Granada Christian Church Sunday School news, 1942 (ddr-csujad-7-21)
Newsletter put out by the Granada Christian Church for it's congregation. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Granada Christian Church Sunday School News
Granada Christian Church news, vol. 1, no. 2, 1942 (ddr-csujad-7-20)
doc Granada Christian Church news, vol. 1, no. 2, 1942 (ddr-csujad-7-20)
Newsletter for the Granada Christian Church congregation. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Granada Christian Church News
Sunday School class (ddr-densho-106-9)
img Sunday School class (ddr-densho-106-9)
Betty Morita Shibayama is in the back row, sixth from the right.
Cross erected by camp inmates (ddr-densho-11-7)
img Cross erected by camp inmates (ddr-densho-11-7)
This cross, erected by inmates at the Tule Lake concentration camp, sits on top of a formation called Castle Rock. It is being approached by pilgrimage attendees.
Memorial plaque (ddr-densho-11-11)
img Memorial plaque (ddr-densho-11-11)
This plaque was placed at the base of the cross on Castle Rock on October 2, 1982. The plaque honors Christian ministers who served the inmates at the Tule Lake concentration camp.
Minister and wife in front of barracks (ddr-densho-152-26)
img Minister and wife in front of barracks (ddr-densho-152-26)
A Presbyterian minister and his wife in front of their barracks in Heart Mountain concentration camp. Original caption: "These three pictures are of Rev. and Mrs. Donald Torumi. He's a young Nisei Presbyterian minister. A splendid fellow. His wife was a Y.W. secretary before their marriage. These three pictures were taken February 5. Elizabeth and I …
Japanese Evacuees (ddr-densho-462-8)
doc Japanese Evacuees (ddr-densho-462-8)
Notes for sermon 'The Christian Church behind barbed wire'. Notes reference Min Yasui's poem, testimony by Martha Higashita
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-40)
Slightly yellowed envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked October 19, 1942. Along the top 10-23-1942 is written in red pencil. On the left side of the envelope is a purple "Censored" stamp. Inside the envelope is a letter dated October 17, 1942. Teru writes about …
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