Japanese Canadians

During World War II, approximately 21,000 Japanese Canadians, citizens and non-citizens alike, were removed from their homes in western British Columbia and placed in camps in the interior of the country. Able-bodied men, both Issei and Nisei, were separated from their families and sent to work in forests and on railroads and highways. Families were subsequently banished to remote mining ghost towns, sent to work on sugar beet farms, or permitted to resettle east of the Cascade Mountains where the government severely restricted their movements. Land, buildings, and other properties were seized without compensation and without the owners' permission. Japanese Canadians were forbidden from returning to the West Coast until 1949, four years after the war ended. In September 1988, the Canadian government formally apologized for the mass removal and incarceration and awarded individual compensation to all survivors.

Japanese Canadians (123)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
S.I. Hayakawa, Japanese Canadian exclusion and incarceration

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123 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 70 (September 26, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-57)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 70 (September 26, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-57)
"Canadian Minister of Justice Ilsley Discloses Broadening of Terms of Reference on Japanese Evacuee Claims" (p. 1), "VFW Assists Vets Seeking Claims Data" (p. 1), "ADC to Enter Cases Linking Covenant Club" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 20 (February 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-91)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 20 (February 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-91)
"Ten Sit-Down Strikers Determined to Squat in Former RAF Quarters in Moose Jaw Until March 31" (p. 1), "I.A.M. Awaits End of Alaska Worker Issue" (p. 1), "824 Yankees Wed Japanese Through Jan. 1" (p. 2), "ADC Aide Assured Backing of West Virginia Leaders" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 49 (June 18, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-216)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 49 (June 18, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-216)
"Civil Rights Members Ask Introduction of Measure to Defeat Bias Practices" (p. 1), "Rites, Burial for Two War Dead from Area to be Held June 25" (p. 1) "Local CIO Tells Nisei Not to Sit on Fence in Matter of Picking Cannery Union" (p. 1).
The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 31 (September 28, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-37)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 31 (September 28, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-37)
Selected article titles: "Supervisor Thomas: Circulation of Written Matter Must Be Approved" (pp. 1-2), "Canada Nisei Nearly Mobbed" (p. 1), and "New Teachers Supplement School Staff" (p. 4).
Japanese-Canadians on a train to an incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-52-11)
img Japanese-Canadians on a train to an incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-52-11)
A few men look out the windows of a train while a group of men look up towards the train windows. The caption above the photo reads, "Internment Bound--Japanese-Canadians get in a final farewell as a train, bound for an internment camp, leaves Vancouver in 1942. No Canadian of Japanese descent was ever shown to be …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 2 (January 11, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 2 (January 11, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-2)
Selected article titles: "Washington Newsletter: JACL Legislative Aim Reviewed as New 88th Congress Opens" (pp. 1-2), "Carnegie Foundation Endows $90,000 for Teaching Japanese in U.S. High Schools" (p. 1), "Issei History Unlike Nenkan" (p. 2), and "Judge Orders Stop to Recounting of Votes in Election Won by Nisei Canadian" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 22 (May 31, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 22 (May 31, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-22)
Selected article titles: "JACL Tribute to Nisei GIs Finalized" (pp. 1, 4), "Review of Nisei Record in WW2 Told in Senate" (pp. 1-2), "Sen. Fong Inserts Nisei WW2 Review in Congressional Record" (p. 2), and "Japanese Canadian History Manuscript Nears Final Chapter; 5 Years in Writing" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 12 (March 25, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 12 (March 25, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-12)
Select article titles: "2 documentary books on Evacuation nearly finished" (p. 1); "More Issei to be interviewed in Los Angeles" (p. 1); "Canadian Nisei student surprises university by filing for post of chancellor against fishing industry leader" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 5 (July 29, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 5 (July 29, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-30)
Select article titles: "History Project: Humorous Diary" (p. 1); "Five espoused for distinguished honors" (p. 1); "JCCA hails proposals to end Canadian immigration bars" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 15 (April 12, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 15 (April 12, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-15)
Select article titles: "CL renews Hawaii statehood plea: Far East aspect of U.S. foreign policy would be strengthened by admission" (p. 1); Canadian Nisei patato grower protest dumping of U.S. spud surplus in Canada" (p. 1); "100 Million in Japan by '64 May 'Blow off Roof'" (p. 2); "San Jose-Okayama become sister cities" (p. 2); "Jefferson …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 17 (October 25, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 17 (October 25, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-44)
Select article titles: "Col. Rasmussen recalls Gettysburg speech at Arlington rites for Nisei war dead" (p. 1); "Supreme court hears arguments on nishikawa citizenship case" (p. 1); "No need of mass evacuation in wartime in future, Myer says" (p. 3); Canadian Nisei protest filming of anti-Nisei film over upstate new York TV station by writing to …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 22 (November 29, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 22 (November 29, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-48)
Select article titles: "Sacrifice of Nisei during bombing of Pearl Harbor told" (p. 1); "Immigration authorities guilty of discrimination in blood test rule" (p. 1); "Bloc voting in Hawaii sensed on mainland unseen by savant" (p. 2); "Canadian Nisei leaders challeneged by Japanese ambassador to cooperate in bettering friendly relations of nations" (p. 3); "Another $1/2 …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 13 (March 29, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 13 (March 29, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-13)
Select article titles: "JACL seeks deletion of 'Fuzz Young' text, use of 'Japs' may bias children" (p. 1); "First Japanese PW Taken in WW2 Found Working For Car Firm" (p. 1); "Nat'l Campaign on Anti-Nisei TV-Films Opens" (p. 1); "Hearing dates for Hawaii statehood set in both Houses" (p. 1); San Francisco 'Nipponmachi' suffers light damage …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 17 (April 26, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 17 (April 26, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-17)
Select article titles: "'Red' smear over Hawaii statehood refuted by CL; anti-Nisei editorial in Oklahoma slammed by senator" (p. 1); "Anti-Japanese bigotry injected by Tulsa editorial fighting Hawaiian statehood" (p. 1); "House surveying Japanese Labor Program in Cal." (p. 1); "1st Nisei 'reported killed' in Korea very healthy, re-enlists for 6 years" (p. 1); "Sponsors seek …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 9 (August 30, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 9 (August 30, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-35)
Select article titles: "'Voting rights' bill nears approval, JACL calls for enactment by solons" (p. 1); House, Senate Approves over Million Dollars foor Claimants" (p. 1); "Teaching of English in japan Wide-open Field" (p. 2); "Housewife Urges Canada newspaper Drop use of 'Jap' in Headlines" (p. 5); "'Family Hardship' Immigration Bill O.K. By Congress Predicted" (p. …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 4 (July 25, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 4 (July 25, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-30)
Select article titles: "California hogging 'Nisei of Biennium' nominations" (p.1); "Canada senator referring to colleague in House as 'Chinaman' draws rebuke from prime minister, press and aroused citizens" (p.3)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No.10 (September 5, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No.10 (September 5, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-36)
Select article titles: "Snake River Valley potato farmers worry over 'no price" and Sansei" (p.1); "Job discrimination against Nisei going 'underground'" (p.3); "Historical account of Japanese Canadians in British Columbia set for Centennial" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 11 (September 12, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 11 (September 12, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-37)
Select article titles: "Housing bias hits Minnesota Nisei, but public reaction comes to rescue" (p.1); "No school integration problem in Northwest, Seattleites welcome Hiroko from Kobe, Japan" (p.1); "Nisei in Canada in unique role to contribute to larger cultural pattern of their country" (p.3)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 23 (June 5, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 23 (June 5, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-23)
Selected article titles: "Oregon governor names JACLer to state agricultural board" (p. 1), "Toronto editorial asks Canadian gov't to apologize for its Japanese evacuation" (p. 1), "Control of Seabrook farms transferred" (p. 1), "2,600 U.S. Issei naturalized in 1958 fiscal year" (p. 1), "Editorial samplings of nation's press supports Justice Dept. view on evacuation; one columnist …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 21 (May 20, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 21 (May 20, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-21)
Select article titles: "Nisei attorney alleges racial bias in San Jose suburban housing tract" (p.1); "Canada relaxes rule permitting citizens to import marriage mates" (p.1)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 10 (March 4, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 10 (March 4, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-10)
Select article titles: "ACLU challenges immigration officials view to detain and check citizenship" (p. 1); "Nisei ichthyologist skin-dives into Florida underwater caves in project to determine when first man lived in Americas" (p.7); "Nisei Canadians seek liberalization of immigration laws" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 11 (September 9, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 11 (September 9, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-37)
Select article titles: "JACL accepts Governor's call to attend senior citizens talk" (p.1); "Heartache and hardship immigration cases cited in JCCA brief evoke sympathy from Canada legislators and prime minister" (p.1); "Issei widow nearly deported to Mexico saved by CL plea" (p.3); "Magnuson hits alien land law as undemocratic" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 1 (January 5, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 1 (January 5, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-1)
Selected article titles: "Maryland County Anti-Bias Law Backed Up by Washington, D.C. JACL" (p.1), "Publisher Interest Indicated in History of Japanese Canadians Now in Writing Stage" (p.1), "San Jose Nursery Plant Growers Win" (p.1), "Seattle Anticipates 10 Million Visitors During 184-Day Run of Century 21 World's Fair; Many JACLers Expected July 26-30" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 7 (February 21, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 7 (February 21, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-7)
Selected article titles: "Hirabayashi Celebrates Victory" (pp. 1, 5), "Noted Architect Yamasaki Dies" (p. 1), "East Wind: The Canadian Nisei" (p. 4), and "From the Frying Pan: Overseas Japanese" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
Selected article titles: "JACL Deplores Mob Actions Brewed by Iranian Issue" (pp. 1-2), "3-Step Redress Push 'At This Time' Stated" (pp. 1, 7), "WRA Camp-born Sansei Warns Nisei Against Delusion about Evacuation" (p. 3), and "Nuclear Shell Shock?" (p. 4).
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