Japanese Canadians

During World War II, approximately 21,000 Japanese Canadians, citizens and non-citizens alike, were removed from their homes in western British Columbia and placed in camps in the interior of the country. Able-bodied men, both Issei and Nisei, were separated from their families and sent to work in forests and on railroads and highways. Families were subsequently banished to remote mining ghost towns, sent to work on sugar beet farms, or permitted to resettle east of the Cascade Mountains where the government severely restricted their movements. Land, buildings, and other properties were seized without compensation and without the owners' permission. Japanese Canadians were forbidden from returning to the West Coast until 1949, four years after the war ended. In September 1988, the Canadian government formally apologized for the mass removal and incarceration and awarded individual compensation to all survivors.

Japanese Canadians (121)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
S.I. Hayakawa, Japanese Canadian exclusion and incarceration

121 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 70 (September 26, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-57)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 70 (September 26, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-57)
"Canadian Minister of Justice Ilsley Discloses Broadening of Terms of Reference on Japanese Evacuee Claims" (p. 1), "VFW Assists Vets Seeking Claims Data" (p. 1), "ADC to Enter Cases Linking Covenant Club" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 41 (May 21, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-208)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 41 (May 21, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-208)
"B.C. Union Resolves Not to Oppose to Japanese Getting Fish Licenses" (p. 1), "Local Community Will Pay Tribute to GI Dead May 30" (p. 1),
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 49 (June 18, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-216)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 49 (June 18, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-216)
"Civil Rights Members Ask Introduction of Measure to Defeat Bias Practices" (p. 1), "Rites, Burial for Two War Dead from Area to be Held June 25" (p. 1) "Local CIO Tells Nisei Not to Sit on Fence in Matter of Picking Cannery Union" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 20 (February 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-91)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 20 (February 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-91)
"Ten Sit-Down Strikers Determined to Squat in Former RAF Quarters in Moose Jaw Until March 31" (p. 1), "I.A.M. Awaits End of Alaska Worker Issue" (p. 1), "824 Yankees Wed Japanese Through Jan. 1" (p. 2), "ADC Aide Assured Backing of West Virginia Leaders" (p. 4).
The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 31 (September 28, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-37)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 31 (September 28, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-37)
Selected article titles: "Supervisor Thomas: Circulation of Written Matter Must Be Approved" (pp. 1-2), "Canada Nisei Nearly Mobbed" (p. 1), and "New Teachers Supplement School Staff" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 16 (October 15, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 16 (October 15, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-41)
Selected article titles: "Canadian Nikkei Prepare for Issei Centennial Year" (pp. 1, 4), "Museum to Display Evacuation Camp Art and Crafts" (p. 1), "Editorial: Topaz: 1942-1946" (p. 2), and "National Constitution Japanese American Citizens League" (pp. 5-6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 22 (November 26, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 22 (November 26, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-47)
Selected article titles: "Wendy's Appeal of Reduction of Charge Refused" (p. 1), "Iva Files Pardon Plea" (p. 1), "Trudeau's Toast in Tokyo Ruffles Nisei" (pp. 1-2), and "Minority of One: The Canadian Connection" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 19 (May 20, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 19 (May 20, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-19)
Selected article titles: "Takechi Wins in Omaha; Kubokawa Edged in P.A." (p.1), "Carter Hiring Policy Frustrating" (p.1), "'Mongolism' to Describe Disease Demeans Asians" (p.1, 6), "100 Years in Canada-Some Facts and Figures" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 4 (February 4, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 4 (February 4, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-4)
Selected article titles: "Illegal Immigration on the Rise in US" (p.1), "New Yorkers to Discuss Nsei 'after-65' Problems" (p.1, 7), "Canada to Decorate Issei and Sansei" (p.1), "Wendy Yoshimura: One Juror Was 'Pressured'" (p.2, 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
Selected article titles: "JACL Deplores Mob Actions Brewed by Iranian Issue" (pp. 1-2), "3-Step Redress Push 'At This Time' Stated" (pp. 1, 7), "WRA Camp-born Sansei Warns Nisei Against Delusion about Evacuation" (p. 3), and "Nuclear Shell Shock?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-1)
Selected article titles: "Legal Experts Discuss Redress for Japanese American Internees" (pp. 1-2), "Go for Broke: A Pictorial History of the Japanese American 100th Infantry and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team" (pp. 8-12), "Comparative Survey Shows Aged Japanese Worry Less, Prefer Work Until Age 70 to Leisure" (p. 12), and "Toronto Nikkei Backs New Human Rights ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 2 (July 13, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-27)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 2 (July 13, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-27)
Selected article titles: "Redress bill attacked; witness says Nisei spied for Japan" (p. 1), "Aleuts recount treatment at hands of U.S. government" (p. 1), "Shimomura first to speak to ethnic coalition in 'breakthrough' forums" (p. 3), "The Relocation of Canadian Nikkei" (p. 4), "A/P caucus announces plans for Democratic convention" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 13 (April 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 13 (April 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-13)
Selected article titles: "S.1009 on Senate Backburner--Amendments Submitted" (pp. 1, 10), "Positive 'Role Model': Inouye Receives AAPAA Award" (pp. 1-2), "Matsueda Not Just in It for the Laughs" (pp. 1-2), "Reparations Legislation Is Racist" (p. 5), and "Survivor's Mission: We Can't Afford Another Hiroshima" (pp. 6-7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 18 (May 12, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 18 (May 12, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-18)
Selected article titles: "Redress Recipients in Colorado Hail Passage of Bill" (p. 1), "JACL Responds to Company Selling 'Racist' Comic Books" (p. 1), "Japanese Canadian Art Works Gathered for Major Exhibit" (p. 2), and "American Jewish Committee Partners with Japan JACL on Cultural Exchange" (pp. 3, 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 15 (April 21, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 15 (April 21, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-15)
Selected article titles: "Redress Eligibility of Nisei Vets Aired with ORA Administrator" (p. 1), "Wall Street Journal Notes Supplemental Redress Bill Action: 'Priority, Leadership of Majority Whip Coelho' Cited for Adding $250 Million" (p. 1), "Japanese Canadians Unveil Plaque at 1942 Camp Entrance" (p. 2), and "By the Board: JACL's Proposed 'Mega-Fund'" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 3 (January 26, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 3 (January 26, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-3)
Select article titles: "76,000 Contacts Made With Redress Adm. Office" (p.1); "Rep. Conyers Introduces Bill for African-American Reparations" (p.1); "Ex-Mayor Hibino Back in Action as President" (p.2); "Canadian Nisei Recalls WWII Experiences Before Lunch 'n' Learn Audience" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 10 (May 17-June 6, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 10 (May 17-June 6, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-10)
Selected article titles: "JACL, Vietnamese Community to Monitor Trial" (p. 1), "JACL Financial Reports" (pp. 4-7), "Very Truly Yours: Public Education--Canadian Style" (pp. 8, 10), and "From PSW: Manzanar, Lillian Baker and Historical Vigilance" (p. 9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 9 (August 30, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 9 (August 30, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-35)
Select article titles: "'Voting rights' bill nears approval, JACL calls for enactment by solons" (p. 1); House, Senate Approves over Million Dollars foor Claimants" (p. 1); "Teaching of English in japan Wide-open Field" (p. 2); "Housewife Urges Canada newspaper Drop use of 'Jap' in Headlines" (p. 5); "'Family Hardship' Immigration Bill O.K. By Congress Predicted" (p. ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 23 (June 5, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 23 (June 5, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-23)
Selected article titles: "Oregon governor names JACLer to state agricultural board" (p. 1), "Toronto editorial asks Canadian gov't to apologize for its Japanese evacuation" (p. 1), "Control of Seabrook farms transferred" (p. 1), "2,600 U.S. Issei naturalized in 1958 fiscal year" (p. 1), "Editorial samplings of nation's press supports Justice Dept. view on evacuation; one columnist ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 21 (May 20, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 21 (May 20, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-21)
Select article titles: "Nisei attorney alleges racial bias in San Jose suburban housing tract" (p.1); "Canada relaxes rule permitting citizens to import marriage mates" (p.1)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 10 (March 4, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 10 (March 4, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-10)
Select article titles: "ACLU challenges immigration officials view to detain and check citizenship" (p. 1); "Nisei ichthyologist skin-dives into Florida underwater caves in project to determine when first man lived in Americas" (p.7); "Nisei Canadians seek liberalization of immigration laws" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 11 (September 9, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 11 (September 9, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-37)
Select article titles: "JACL accepts Governor's call to attend senior citizens talk" (p.1); "Heartache and hardship immigration cases cited in JCCA brief evoke sympathy from Canada legislators and prime minister" (p.1); "Issei widow nearly deported to Mexico saved by CL plea" (p.3); "Magnuson hits alien land law as undemocratic" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 1 (January 5, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 1 (January 5, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-1)
Selected article titles: "Maryland County Anti-Bias Law Backed Up by Washington, D.C. JACL" (p.1), "Publisher Interest Indicated in History of Japanese Canadians Now in Writing Stage" (p.1), "San Jose Nursery Plant Growers Win" (p.1), "Seattle Anticipates 10 Million Visitors During 184-Day Run of Century 21 World's Fair; Many JACLers Expected July 26-30" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 22 (May 31, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 22 (May 31, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-22)
Selected article titles: "JACL Tribute to Nisei GIs Finalized" (pp. 1, 4), "Review of Nisei Record in WW2 Told in Senate" (pp. 1-2), "Sen. Fong Inserts Nisei WW2 Review in Congressional Record" (p. 2), and "Japanese Canadian History Manuscript Nears Final Chapter; 5 Years in Writing" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 12 (March 25, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 12 (March 25, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-12)
Select article titles: "2 documentary books on Evacuation nearly finished" (p. 1); "More Issei to be interviewed in Los Angeles" (p. 1); "Canadian Nisei student surprises university by filing for post of chancellor against fishing industry leader" (p. 3).
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