Japanese Canadians

During World War II, approximately 21,000 Japanese Canadians, citizens and non-citizens alike, were removed from their homes in western British Columbia and placed in camps in the interior of the country. Able-bodied men, both Issei and Nisei, were separated from their families and sent to work in forests and on railroads and highways. Families were subsequently banished to remote mining ghost towns, sent to work on sugar beet farms, or permitted to resettle east of the Cascade Mountains where the government severely restricted their movements. Land, buildings, and other properties were seized without compensation and without the owners' permission. Japanese Canadians were forbidden from returning to the West Coast until 1949, four years after the war ended. In September 1988, the Canadian government formally apologized for the mass removal and incarceration and awarded individual compensation to all survivors.

Japanese Canadians (121)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
S.I. Hayakawa, Japanese Canadian exclusion and incarceration

121 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 12 (September 19, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 12 (September 19, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-37)
Selected article titles: "Dean Speaks at Tri-District: Seek 'Redress' for Evacuees" (p. 1), "Manuscript of Canada Nikkei History Written" (pp. 1, 3), "House Repeals E.O. 9066" (p. 1), and "Guest Column: Women in Japan" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
Selected article titles: "JACL Deplores Mob Actions Brewed by Iranian Issue" (pp. 1-2), "3-Step Redress Push 'At This Time' Stated" (pp. 1, 7), "WRA Camp-born Sansei Warns Nisei Against Delusion about Evacuation" (p. 3), and "Nuclear Shell Shock?" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 70 (September 26, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-57)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 70 (September 26, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-57)
"Canadian Minister of Justice Ilsley Discloses Broadening of Terms of Reference on Japanese Evacuee Claims" (p. 1), "VFW Assists Vets Seeking Claims Data" (p. 1), "ADC to Enter Cases Linking Covenant Club" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 59 (August 19, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-46)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 59 (August 19, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-46)
"Japanese Canadians Slate Parley in Toronto" (p. 1), "JACL Should Help Nisei Businesses Instead of Lobbying in Capitol, Says Dr. Kunitomo in Visit Here" (p. 1), "Court Stands Pat on Ruling: Release U.S. Renunciants" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 55 (June 30, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-123)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 55 (June 30, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-123)
"8,000 Nisei Included in Bracket Eligible for Coming U.S. Draft, WRA's 1940 Figures Disclose" (pg. 1), "5,000 Nisei Stranded in Japan Reportedly Lost Citizenship" (pg. 1), "Noted Sociologist Blames Political Pressure in B.C. as Chief Reason for Anti-Japanese Laws in Canada" (pg. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 43 (May 28, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-210)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 43 (May 28, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-210)
"Canada's Japanese Unit Offices Will be Shut as of July 31" (p. 1), "Three Newspapers Support Passage of Judd's Measure for Equality with Editorials" (p. 1), ""House for Hiroshima' Group Will Depart United States for Japan Friday, Jun 24" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 5 (January 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-79)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 5 (January 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-79)
"Alien Property Office Gives Further Data on Recovery of Pre-War Bank Deposits" (p. 1), "Canadian Japanese Losses May Hit $400,000, Winnipeg Reports" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 9 (January 29, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-176)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 9 (January 29, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-176)
"Japanese Canadian Worker Fights for Claims on Loss Suffered Through Ship Sale" (p. 1), "JACL Seeks Quota of 200 New Members" (p. 1), "Claims Filing Reported Slow" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 27 (April 11,1947) (ddr-densho-229-13)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 27 (April 11,1947) (ddr-densho-229-13)
"Presidio School Graduates 28, Smallest in History of MISLS" (p. 1), "MP's Return from Easter Holidays, Ponder Canada's Omnibus Bill" (p. 1) "Vets Open Tavern on Jackson St." (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 66 (September 12, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-53)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 66 (September 12, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-53)
"Citizenship Rights Restored to 4 Nisei Renunciants" (p.1), "ACLU Aide Lauds JACL-ADC Work" (p. 1), "What They Say About Canada's Quiz of Japanese Evacuation Losses" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 9 (January 24, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-81)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 9 (January 24, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-81)
"Canadians Citizens Schedule Second Parley in Winnipeg; Dates Slated March 26-28" (p. 1), "Data on U.S. Supreme Court Ruling on Oyama Case" (p. 2).
Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1006-2-1)
vh Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1006-2-1)
Growing up in British Columbia, Canada

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Kimi Wakabayashi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1006-3-4)
vh Kimi Wakabayashi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1006-3-4)
Adjusting to life in Canada

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Mitsu Ito Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1006-1-2)
vh Mitsu Ito Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1006-1-2)
Father's and uncles' immigration to Canada

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Henry Shimizu Interview Segment 43 (ddr-densho-1000-198-43)
vh Henry Shimizu Interview Segment 43 (ddr-densho-1000-198-43)
Dealing with poorly constructed buildings and stark climate in New Denver
Henry Shimizu Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-198-23)
vh Henry Shimizu Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-198-23)
The role of a community newspaper editor in determining the fate of Japanese Canadians during the war
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 3 (January 26, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 3 (January 26, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-3)
Select article titles: "76,000 Contacts Made With Redress Adm. Office" (p.1); "Rep. Conyers Introduces Bill for African-American Reparations" (p.1); "Ex-Mayor Hibino Back in Action as President" (p.2); "Canadian Nisei Recalls WWII Experiences Before Lunch 'n' Learn Audience" (p.3).
Masamizu Kitajima Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-287-17)
vh Masamizu Kitajima Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-287-17)
Living in an immigration center while awaiting transfer to the mainland

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department ...

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 21 (May 20, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 21 (May 20, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-21)
Select article titles: "Nisei attorney alleges racial bias in San Jose suburban housing tract" (p.1); "Canada relaxes rule permitting citizens to import marriage mates" (p.1)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 2 (July 13, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-27)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 2 (July 13, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-27)
Selected article titles: "Redress bill attacked; witness says Nisei spied for Japan" (p. 1), "Aleuts recount treatment at hands of U.S. government" (p. 1), "Shimomura first to speak to ethnic coalition in 'breakthrough' forums" (p. 3), "The Relocation of Canadian Nikkei" (p. 4), "A/P caucus announces plans for Democratic convention" (p. 7).
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