Japanese Canadians

During World War II, approximately 21,000 Japanese Canadians, citizens and non-citizens alike, were removed from their homes in western British Columbia and placed in camps in the interior of the country. Able-bodied men, both Issei and Nisei, were separated from their families and sent to work in forests and on railroads and highways. Families were subsequently banished to remote mining ghost towns, sent to work on sugar beet farms, or permitted to resettle east of the Cascade Mountains where the government severely restricted their movements. Land, buildings, and other properties were seized without compensation and without the owners' permission. Japanese Canadians were forbidden from returning to the West Coast until 1949, four years after the war ended. In September 1988, the Canadian government formally apologized for the mass removal and incarceration and awarded individual compensation to all survivors.

Japanese Canadians (121)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
S.I. Hayakawa, Japanese Canadian exclusion and incarceration

121 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-1)
Selected article titles: "Legal Experts Discuss Redress for Japanese American Internees" (pp. 1-2), "Go for Broke: A Pictorial History of the Japanese American 100th Infantry and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team" (pp. 8-12), "Comparative Survey Shows Aged Japanese Worry Less, Prefer Work Until Age 70 to Leisure" (p. 12), and "Toronto Nikkei Backs New Human Rights ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 2 (July 13, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-27)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 2 (July 13, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-27)
Selected article titles: "Redress bill attacked; witness says Nisei spied for Japan" (p. 1), "Aleuts recount treatment at hands of U.S. government" (p. 1), "Shimomura first to speak to ethnic coalition in 'breakthrough' forums" (p. 3), "The Relocation of Canadian Nikkei" (p. 4), "A/P caucus announces plans for Democratic convention" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 7 (February 21, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 7 (February 21, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-7)
Selected article titles: "Hirabayashi Celebrates Victory" (pp. 1, 5), "Noted Architect Yamasaki Dies" (p. 1), "East Wind: The Canadian Nisei" (p. 4), and "From the Frying Pan: Overseas Japanese" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 13 (April 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 13 (April 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-13)
Selected article titles: "S.1009 on Senate Backburner--Amendments Submitted" (pp. 1, 10), "Positive 'Role Model': Inouye Receives AAPAA Award" (pp. 1-2), "Matsueda Not Just in It for the Laughs" (pp. 1-2), "Reparations Legislation Is Racist" (p. 5), and "Survivor's Mission: We Can't Afford Another Hiroshima" (pp. 6-7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 18 (May 12, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 18 (May 12, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-18)
Selected article titles: "Redress Recipients in Colorado Hail Passage of Bill" (p. 1), "JACL Responds to Company Selling 'Racist' Comic Books" (p. 1), "Japanese Canadian Art Works Gathered for Major Exhibit" (p. 2), and "American Jewish Committee Partners with Japan JACL on Cultural Exchange" (pp. 3, 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 15 (April 21, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 15 (April 21, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-15)
Selected article titles: "Redress Eligibility of Nisei Vets Aired with ORA Administrator" (p. 1), "Wall Street Journal Notes Supplemental Redress Bill Action: 'Priority, Leadership of Majority Whip Coelho' Cited for Adding $250 Million" (p. 1), "Japanese Canadians Unveil Plaque at 1942 Camp Entrance" (p. 2), and "By the Board: JACL's Proposed 'Mega-Fund'" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 3 (January 26, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 3 (January 26, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-3)
Select article titles: "76,000 Contacts Made With Redress Adm. Office" (p.1); "Rep. Conyers Introduces Bill for African-American Reparations" (p.1); "Ex-Mayor Hibino Back in Action as President" (p.2); "Canadian Nisei Recalls WWII Experiences Before Lunch 'n' Learn Audience" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 10 (May 17-June 6, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 10 (May 17-June 6, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-10)
Selected article titles: "JACL, Vietnamese Community to Monitor Trial" (p. 1), "JACL Financial Reports" (pp. 4-7), "Very Truly Yours: Public Education--Canadian Style" (pp. 8, 10), and "From PSW: Manzanar, Lillian Baker and Historical Vigilance" (p. 9).
Scrapbook page:
doc Scrapbook page: "In Canada" (ddr-densho-35-385)
Two newspaper clippings from the Pacific Citizen, one of which is titled "Evacuees in Canada: Special Inducements Offered By Dominion to 'Repatriates.'"
doc "Canada Japanese Face Restriction" (ddr-densho-96-10)
Full headline: "Canada Japanese Face Restriction. Removal of Nipponese From Coast Will Be Asked at Ottawa by Emissaries"
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 30 (April 22, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-16)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 30 (April 22, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-16)
"NVC to Show 442nd Film" (p. 1), "U.S. Navy Now Admits Nisei" (p. 1), "Three Judges Hear Case of Mrs. Bouiss" (p. 1), "Two Wholesale Evacuations: American and Canadian" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 74 (October 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-61)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 74 (October 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-61)
"Nisei War Dead on Second Shipment of State Servicemen Killed in Action" (p. 1), "New Local 7 Cannery Union Officers Will be Installed on Nov. 1" (p. 1), "JCCC Promises Legal Experts for Japanese" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 21 (March 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-92)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 21 (March 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-92)
"Japan-Born Youth Awarded U.S. Rights so He May Join Father, a Citizen in L.A." (p. 1), "Anti-Red Unit Favors Rights for Japanese" (p. 1), "Winnipeg Meet Will Consider JCCA Program" (p. 4), "JACL to Place Plaque on Ship Honoring Nisei" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 49 (July 15, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-36)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 49 (July 15, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-36)
"Accept Business Permit Applications to Japan" (p. 1), "JACL Goes Ahead to Speed Plans to Honor Nisei at Arlington" (p. 1), "Commons OK's Board to Sift Ouster Losses" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 75 (October 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-62)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 75 (October 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-62)
"Two Seek Citizenship Restoration Under Judge Cavanaugh's Ruling" (p. 1), "Jackson Street District Reports 156 Per Cent of Quota in 1947 Drive" (p. 1), "B.C. Official Protest Race Restrictions" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 34 (May 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-20)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 34 (May 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-20)
"House Unit Hearing on H.R. 2933 Finished" (p. 1), "Lifts Curbs on Japanese East of B.C." (p. 1), "Geisha Girls Are Having a Rough Time Under Allied Rule, It Says Here" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 21 (March 21, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-8)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 21 (March 21, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-8)
"Unions Reject Alaska Industrial Offer" (p. 1), "B.C. Students Ask Citizenship for Japanese, Indians" (p. 1), "Yoshida Urges U.S. to Stay in Japan to Insure Peace" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 31 (April 25, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-17)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 31 (April 25, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-17)
"Nisei Priest in Nichiren Church Gets Writeup in "Seattle Scene" (p. 1), "Historian Cites Difficulties of Civil Liberties in Canada" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 62 (July 24, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-129)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 62 (July 24, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-129)
"One-Year Enlistments Commence for 18-Year-Olds at Seattle Armed Forces Recruiting Office" (pg. 1), "Canada Plans Special Body for Loss Aid" (pg. 1), "National JACL Office Candidates for 1948-1950 Term Announced; To Be Inducted at Utah Convention" (pg. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 66 (August 17, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-233)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 66 (August 17, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-233)
"Claims Total Here to Date Set at $20,000" (p. 1), "Orientals Win Voting Rights" (p. 1), "Queen Terri and Attendants Invite City of Los Angeles to Join in Nisei Week Festival" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 104 (December 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-165)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 104 (December 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-165)
"Demo Leader OK's Rights Legislation" (p. 1), "Settlement Nears for Peru Japanese Stranded in U.S., Masaoka Reports" (p. 1), "B.C. to Continue Evacuee Aid" (p. 1), "Claims Queries and Replies" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 55 (June 30, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-123)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 55 (June 30, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-123)
"8,000 Nisei Included in Bracket Eligible for Coming U.S. Draft, WRA's 1940 Figures Disclose" (pg. 1), "5,000 Nisei Stranded in Japan Reportedly Lost Citizenship" (pg. 1), "Noted Sociologist Blames Political Pressure in B.C. as Chief Reason for Anti-Japanese Laws in Canada" (pg. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 43 (May 28, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-210)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 43 (May 28, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-210)
"Canada's Japanese Unit Offices Will be Shut as of July 31" (p. 1), "Three Newspapers Support Passage of Judd's Measure for Equality with Editorials" (p. 1), ""House for Hiroshima' Group Will Depart United States for Japan Friday, Jun 24" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 55 (August 5, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-42)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 55 (August 5, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-42)
"Senate Approves Measure to Probe Immigration Situation in Nation" (p. 1), "Kawakita to be Tried for Treason in Los Angeles on October 21" (p. 1) "About The Sun's Invasion of B.C." (p. 4).
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