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Japanese Canadians

During World War II, approximately 21,000 Japanese Canadians, citizens and non-citizens alike, were removed from their homes in western British Columbia and placed in camps in the interior of the country. Able-bodied men, both Issei and Nisei, were separated from their families and sent to work in forests and on railroads and highways. Families were subsequently banished to remote mining ghost towns, sent to work on sugar beet farms, or permitted to resettle east of the Cascade Mountains where the government severely restricted their movements. Land, buildings, and other properties were seized without compensation and without the owners' permission. Japanese Canadians were forbidden from returning to the West Coast until 1949, four years after the war ended. In September 1988, the Canadian government formally apologized for the mass removal and incarceration and awarded individual compensation to all survivors.

Japanese Canadians (123)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
S.I. Hayakawa, Japanese Canadian exclusion and incarceration

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123 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 18 (May 12, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 18 (May 12, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-18)
Selected article titles: "Redress Recipients in Colorado Hail Passage of Bill" (p. 1), "JACL Responds to Company Selling 'Racist' Comic Books" (p. 1), "Japanese Canadian Art Works Gathered for Major Exhibit" (p. 2), and "American Jewish Committee Partners with Japan JACL on Cultural Exchange" (pp. 3, 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 15 (April 21, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 15 (April 21, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-15)
Selected article titles: "Redress Eligibility of Nisei Vets Aired with ORA Administrator" (p. 1), "Wall Street Journal Notes Supplemental Redress Bill Action: 'Priority, Leadership of Majority Whip Coelho' Cited for Adding $250 Million" (p. 1), "Japanese Canadians Unveil Plaque at 1942 Camp Entrance" (p. 2), and "By the Board: JACL's Proposed 'Mega-Fund'" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 3 (January 26, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 3 (January 26, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-3)
Select article titles: "76,000 Contacts Made With Redress Adm. Office" (p.1); "Rep. Conyers Introduces Bill for African-American Reparations" (p.1); "Ex-Mayor Hibino Back in Action as President" (p.2); "Canadian Nisei Recalls WWII Experiences Before Lunch 'n' Learn Audience" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 10 (May 17-June 6, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 10 (May 17-June 6, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-10)
Selected article titles: "JACL, Vietnamese Community to Monitor Trial" (p. 1), "JACL Financial Reports" (pp. 4-7), "Very Truly Yours: Public Education--Canadian Style" (pp. 8, 10), and "From PSW: Manzanar, Lillian Baker and Historical Vigilance" (p. 9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 23 (June 5, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 23 (June 5, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-23)
Selected article titles: "Oregon governor names JACLer to state agricultural board" (p. 1), "Toronto editorial asks Canadian gov't to apologize for its Japanese evacuation" (p. 1), "Control of Seabrook farms transferred" (p. 1), "2,600 U.S. Issei naturalized in 1958 fiscal year" (p. 1), "Editorial samplings of nation's press supports Justice Dept. view on evacuation; one columnist …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 1 (January 5, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 1 (January 5, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-1)
Selected article titles: "Maryland County Anti-Bias Law Backed Up by Washington, D.C. JACL" (p.1), "Publisher Interest Indicated in History of Japanese Canadians Now in Writing Stage" (p.1), "San Jose Nursery Plant Growers Win" (p.1), "Seattle Anticipates 10 Million Visitors During 184-Day Run of Century 21 World's Fair; Many JACLers Expected July 26-30" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 21 (May 20, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 21 (May 20, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-21)
Select article titles: "Nisei attorney alleges racial bias in San Jose suburban housing tract" (p.1); "Canada relaxes rule permitting citizens to import marriage mates" (p.1)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 10 (March 4, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 10 (March 4, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-10)
Select article titles: "ACLU challenges immigration officials view to detain and check citizenship" (p. 1); "Nisei ichthyologist skin-dives into Florida underwater caves in project to determine when first man lived in Americas" (p.7); "Nisei Canadians seek liberalization of immigration laws" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 11 (September 9, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 11 (September 9, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-37)
Select article titles: "JACL accepts Governor's call to attend senior citizens talk" (p.1); "Heartache and hardship immigration cases cited in JCCA brief evoke sympathy from Canada legislators and prime minister" (p.1); "Issei widow nearly deported to Mexico saved by CL plea" (p.3); "Magnuson hits alien land law as undemocratic" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 12 (March 25, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 12 (March 25, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-12)
Select article titles: "2 documentary books on Evacuation nearly finished" (p. 1); "More Issei to be interviewed in Los Angeles" (p. 1); "Canadian Nisei student surprises university by filing for post of chancellor against fishing industry leader" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 5 (July 29, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 5 (July 29, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-30)
Select article titles: "History Project: Humorous Diary" (p. 1); "Five espoused for distinguished honors" (p. 1); "JCCA hails proposals to end Canadian immigration bars" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Supplement to 1974 Holiday Issue (December 20-27, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Supplement to 1974 Holiday Issue (December 20-27, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-51)
Supplement to 1974 holiday issue. Selected article titles: "Issei as Technical Advisers to Japan" (pp. 1, 10), "'42 Hysteria Led to Concentration Camps" (pp. 1, 3), "U.S.-Canada Nikkei Alliance Urged" (pp. 1, 11), and "National Constitution Japanese American Citizens League" (pp. 8-9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 12 (September 19, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 12 (September 19, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-37)
Selected article titles: "Dean Speaks at Tri-District: Seek 'Redress' for Evacuees" (p. 1), "Manuscript of Canada Nikkei History Written" (pp. 1, 3), "House Repeals E.O. 9066" (p. 1), and "Guest Column: Women in Japan" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
Selected article titles: "JACL Deplores Mob Actions Brewed by Iranian Issue" (pp. 1-2), "3-Step Redress Push 'At This Time' Stated" (pp. 1, 7), "WRA Camp-born Sansei Warns Nisei Against Delusion about Evacuation" (p. 3), and "Nuclear Shell Shock?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 13 (April 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 13 (April 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-13)
Selected article titles: "S.1009 on Senate Backburner--Amendments Submitted" (pp. 1, 10), "Positive 'Role Model': Inouye Receives AAPAA Award" (pp. 1-2), "Matsueda Not Just in It for the Laughs" (pp. 1-2), "Reparations Legislation Is Racist" (p. 5), and "Survivor's Mission: We Can't Afford Another Hiroshima" (pp. 6-7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 2 (July 13, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-27)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 2 (July 13, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-27)
Selected article titles: "Redress bill attacked; witness says Nisei spied for Japan" (p. 1), "Aleuts recount treatment at hands of U.S. government" (p. 1), "Shimomura first to speak to ethnic coalition in 'breakthrough' forums" (p. 3), "The Relocation of Canadian Nikkei" (p. 4), "A/P caucus announces plans for Democratic convention" (p. 7).
Kimi Wakabayashi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1006-3-3)
vh Kimi Wakabayashi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1006-3-3)
Immigrating to Canada, initially feeling "kind of lonesome"

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1006-2-1)
vh Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1006-2-1)
Growing up in British Columbia, Canada

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1006-2-9)
vh Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1006-2-9)
Deciding to move east after leaving Tashme

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1006-4-22)
vh Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1006-4-22)
Deciding to return to Canada

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1006-4-4)
vh Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1006-4-4)
Parents' early farm in Mission: sponsoring workers from Japan

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1006-4-16)
vh Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1006-4-16)
Feelings as a Japanese Canadian serving in the Japanese navy

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Mitsu Ito Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1006-1-19)
vh Mitsu Ito Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1006-1-19)
Thoughts on importance of Japanese immigration to Canada

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Kimi Wakabayashi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1006-3-4)
vh Kimi Wakabayashi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1006-3-4)
Adjusting to life in Canada

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1006-2-7)
vh Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1006-2-7)
Memories of removal to Hastings Park and Tashme

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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