Japanese Canadians

During World War II, approximately 21,000 Japanese Canadians, citizens and non-citizens alike, were removed from their homes in western British Columbia and placed in camps in the interior of the country. Able-bodied men, both Issei and Nisei, were separated from their families and sent to work in forests and on railroads and highways. Families were subsequently banished to remote mining ghost towns, sent to work on sugar beet farms, or permitted to resettle east of the Cascade Mountains where the government severely restricted their movements. Land, buildings, and other properties were seized without compensation and without the owners' permission. Japanese Canadians were forbidden from returning to the West Coast until 1949, four years after the war ended. In September 1988, the Canadian government formally apologized for the mass removal and incarceration and awarded individual compensation to all survivors.

Japanese Canadians (121)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
S.I. Hayakawa, Japanese Canadian exclusion and incarceration

121 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 50 (June 22, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-217)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 50 (June 22, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-217)
"Canadian Citizens Protest Court's Upholding Ruling on Restrictive Covenant" (p. 1), "Campaign to Enlist 1,000 Members for Urban League Begins Here" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 45 (June 27, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-33)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 45 (June 27, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-33)
"International Body Ousts Local 7 Officers" (p. 1), "Urges Board to Sift Loss in Evacuation" (p. 1), "Death of Race Ties Unit of NHA Set for Monday, June 30; Lack of Funds Forces Move, Aide Says" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 37 (May 7, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-204)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 37 (May 7, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-204)
"Japanese Canadians Will Use Their Provincial Franchise on June 15, Day of B.C. Election" (p. 1), "Washington State CIO Council Backs Local 7 in Fight against AFL Unit in Cannery Dispute" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 30 (April 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-99)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 30 (April 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-99)
"Canada Curbs on Japanese to Continue" (p. 1), "House Gets Few More Measures to Aid 3 Japanese Aliens" (p. 1), "Judd Urges Quick Amendment on Naturalization Bills" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 54 (August 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-41)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 54 (August 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-41)
"Senate Passes Over U.S. Evacuation Claims Bill" (p. 1), "Name Commissioner For B.C. Quiz" (p. 1), "U. of Nebraska Nisei Finds Bias Against Non-Whites Alarming" (p. 1)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 9 (August 30, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 9 (August 30, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-35)
Select article titles: "'Voting rights' bill nears approval, JACL calls for enactment by solons" (p. 1); House, Senate Approves over Million Dollars foor Claimants" (p. 1); "Teaching of English in japan Wide-open Field" (p. 2); "Housewife Urges Canada newspaper Drop use of 'Jap' in Headlines" (p. 5); "'Family Hardship' Immigration Bill O.K. By Congress Predicted" (p. ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 22 (November 29, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 22 (November 29, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-48)
Select article titles: "Sacrifice of Nisei during bombing of Pearl Harbor told" (p. 1); "Immigration authorities guilty of discrimination in blood test rule" (p. 1); "Bloc voting in Hawaii sensed on mainland unseen by savant" (p. 2); "Canadian Nisei leaders challeneged by Japanese ambassador to cooperate in bettering friendly relations of nations" (p. 3); "Another $1/2 ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 10 (May 17-June 6, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 10 (May 17-June 6, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-10)
Selected article titles: "JACL, Vietnamese Community to Monitor Trial" (p. 1), "JACL Financial Reports" (pp. 4-7), "Very Truly Yours: Public Education--Canadian Style" (pp. 8, 10), and "From PSW: Manzanar, Lillian Baker and Historical Vigilance" (p. 9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 23 (June 5, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 23 (June 5, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-23)
Selected article titles: "Oregon governor names JACLer to state agricultural board" (p. 1), "Toronto editorial asks Canadian gov't to apologize for its Japanese evacuation" (p. 1), "Control of Seabrook farms transferred" (p. 1), "2,600 U.S. Issei naturalized in 1958 fiscal year" (p. 1), "Editorial samplings of nation's press supports Justice Dept. view on evacuation; one columnist ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 4 (July 25, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 4 (July 25, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-30)
Select article titles: "California hogging 'Nisei of Biennium' nominations" (p.1); "Canada senator referring to colleague in House as 'Chinaman' draws rebuke from prime minister, press and aroused citizens" (p.3)
Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1006-4-14)
vh Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1006-4-14)
Japanese wartime situation; dealing with Japanese government propaganda

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Orest Kruhlak Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-296-10)
vh Orest Kruhlak Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-296-10)
Entering into negotiations between the Canadian government and Japanese Canadians regarding redress
Henry Shimizu Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-198-7)
vh Henry Shimizu Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-198-7)
Description of prewar Japanese community in Prince Rupert: industry
Henry Shimizu Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-198-24)
vh Henry Shimizu Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-198-24)
Actions of the Canadian government following the bombing of Pearl Harbor
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 12 (March 25, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 12 (March 25, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-12)
Select article titles: "2 documentary books on Evacuation nearly finished" (p. 1); "More Issei to be interviewed in Los Angeles" (p. 1); "Canadian Nisei student surprises university by filing for post of chancellor against fishing industry leader" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 5 (July 29, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 5 (July 29, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-30)
Select article titles: "History Project: Humorous Diary" (p. 1); "Five espoused for distinguished honors" (p. 1); "JCCA hails proposals to end Canadian immigration bars" (p. 1).
doc "Canada Japanese Face Restriction" (ddr-densho-96-10)
Full headline: "Canada Japanese Face Restriction. Removal of Nipponese From Coast Will Be Asked at Ottawa by Emissaries"
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 22 (November 26, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 22 (November 26, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-47)
Selected article titles: "Wendy's Appeal of Reduction of Charge Refused" (p. 1), "Iva Files Pardon Plea" (p. 1), "Trudeau's Toast in Tokyo Ruffles Nisei" (pp. 1-2), and "Minority of One: The Canadian Connection" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 15 (April 12, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 15 (April 12, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-15)
Select article titles: "CL renews Hawaii statehood plea: Far East aspect of U.S. foreign policy would be strengthened by admission" (p. 1); Canadian Nisei patato grower protest dumping of U.S. spud surplus in Canada" (p. 1); "100 Million in Japan by '64 May 'Blow off Roof'" (p. 2); "San Jose-Okayama become sister cities" (p. 2); "Jefferson ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 69, No. 10 (September 05,1969) (ddr-pc-41-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 69, No. 10 (September 05,1969) (ddr-pc-41-36)
Select article titles: "16-day Japan Week in San Francisco Starts Today" (p. 1); "Insure American Dream" (p. 1); "N.Y. Asian Americans remember Hiroshima-Nagasaki Holocausts" (p. 3); "Youth Commission meeting productive" (p. 4); "Dr. Noguchi trial may be precedent for Canada Nisei" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 14 (April 11, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 14 (April 11, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-14)
Selected article titles: "To the Point: Goals and Programs" (p. 1), "WW2 Internment Camp at Crystal City for Nikkei May Be Texas Landmark" (p. 1), "First Canadian Japanese History in English by Dr. Shimpo Due in Summer" (p. 1), and "National Dialogue: Developing Leaders" (pp. 1-2).
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