Expatriation/repatriation/deportation

From 1943 to 1946, over 20,000 Japanese Americans applied to leave the United States for Japan in a process called "repatriation" (for Issei as non-citizens) or "expatriation" (for Nisei as citizens). Some Issei considered repatriation preferable to remaining in a country that had long discriminated against them. For Nisei, who had rarely been to Japan, expatriation meant renouncing their U.S. citizenship. Some were pressured to do so by family members or extremists; others were bitter about their mistreatment by the government. In total, only 4,724 ended up leaving for Japan directly from the camps and many eventually returned to the U.S. Nearly all Nisei who wanted to were able to regain their citizenship, although the process was long and difficult.

World War II (215)
Resistance and dissidence (80)
Expatriation/repatriation/deportation (202)

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202 items
Japanese repatriates leaving for Japan (ddr-densho-37-282)
img Japanese repatriates leaving for Japan (ddr-densho-37-282)
Original WRA caption: "Japanese repatriates embarking for Japan." Although the WRA caption specifically refers to repatriates, many Japanese Americans who left were citizens of the United States and therefore, expatriates.
Japanese repatriates leaving for Japan (ddr-densho-37-278)
img Japanese repatriates leaving for Japan (ddr-densho-37-278)
Original WRA caption: "Japanese repatriates embarking for Japan." Although the WRA caption specifically refers to repatriates, many Japanese Americans who left were citizens of the United States and therefore, expatriates.
Japanese repatriates leaving for Japan (ddr-densho-37-279)
img Japanese repatriates leaving for Japan (ddr-densho-37-279)
Original WRA caption: "Japanese repatriates embarking for Japan." Although the WRA caption specifically refers to repatriates, many Japanese Americans who left were citizens of the United States and therefore, expatriates.
Japanese repatriates leaving for Japan (ddr-densho-37-280)
img Japanese repatriates leaving for Japan (ddr-densho-37-280)
Original WRA caption: "Japanese repatriates embarking for Japan." Although the WRA caption specifically refers to repatriates, many Japanese Americans who left were citizens of the United States and therefore, expatriates.
Japanese repatriates leaving for Japan (ddr-densho-37-277)
img Japanese repatriates leaving for Japan (ddr-densho-37-277)
Original WRA caption: "Japanese repatriates embarking for Japan." Although the WRA caption specifically refers to repatriates, many Japanese Americans who left were citizens of the United States and therefore, expatriates.
Japanese repatriates leaving for Japan (ddr-densho-37-281)
img Japanese repatriates leaving for Japan (ddr-densho-37-281)
Original WRA caption: "Japanese repatriates embarking for Japan." Although the WRA caption specifically refers to repatriates, many Japanese Americans who left were citizens of the United States and therefore, expatriates.
Relocating a People (ddr-densho-356-1012)
doc Relocating a People (ddr-densho-356-1012)
Brochure encouraging employers to hire Japanese Americans held in WRA camps.
Relocation of Japanese-Americans (ddr-densho-356-847)
doc Relocation of Japanese-Americans (ddr-densho-356-847)
Pamphlet produced by the War Relocation Authority describing the forced removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast, conditions in camp, and the WRA's role.
Pertinent Facts About Relocation Centers and Japanese-Americans (ddr-densho-356-1013)
doc Pertinent Facts About Relocation Centers and Japanese-Americans (ddr-densho-356-1013)
Brochure of random facts about Japanese-Americans produced by the War Relocation Authority.
Notice and General Instructions to Japanese Seeking Repatriation (ddr-densho-356-976)
doc Notice and General Instructions to Japanese Seeking Repatriation (ddr-densho-356-976)
Information from the Western Defense Command and the Wartime Civil Control Administration on how to apply for repatriation to Japan.
Yuriko Domoto's Memorandum of Understanding (ddr-densho-356-822)
doc Yuriko Domoto's Memorandum of Understanding (ddr-densho-356-822)
Yuriko Domoto Tsukada's memorandum of understanding requesting permanent leave from Amache.
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