Expatriation/repatriation/deportation

From 1943 to 1946, over 20,000 Japanese Americans applied to leave the United States for Japan in a process called "repatriation" (for Issei as non-citizens) or "expatriation" (for Nisei as citizens). Some Issei considered repatriation preferable to remaining in a country that had long discriminated against them. For Nisei, who had rarely been to Japan, expatriation meant renouncing their U.S. citizenship. Some were pressured to do so by family members or extremists; others were bitter about their mistreatment by the government. In total, only 4,724 ended up leaving for Japan directly from the camps and many eventually returned to the U.S. Nearly all Nisei who wanted to were able to regain their citizenship, although the process was long and difficult.

World War II (66)
Resistance and dissidence (73)
Expatriation/repatriation/deportation (162)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Joe Kurihara

162 items
Okabe Family in Japan (ddr-manz-5-7)
img Okabe Family in Japan (ddr-manz-5-7)
Caption in album: "Taka / Life in Japan after repatriation."
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 26 (April 8, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-12)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 26 (April 8, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-12)
"Attend The Northwest Times Casaba Tourney April 11, 12 & 13" (p. 1), "Asks Masaoka to Give Data on Japanese" (p. 1), "House Body Postpones Hearings" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 74 (October 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-61)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 74 (October 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-61)
"Nisei War Dead on Second Shipment of State Servicemen Killed in Action" (p. 1), "New Local 7 Cannery Union Officers Will be Installed on Nov. 1" (p. 1), "JCCC Promises Legal Experts for Japanese" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 4 (January 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-3)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 4 (January 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-3)
"Sees Complications in Return of Nisei Stranded in Japan" (p. 1), "Anti-Bias Group Eyes Removal of Race Restrictions" (p. 1), "Aliens Now May Apply for Business" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 104 (December 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-165)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 104 (December 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-165)
"Demo Leader OK's Rights Legislation" (p. 1), "Settlement Nears for Peru Japanese Stranded in U.S., Masaoka Reports" (p. 1), "B.C. to Continue Evacuee Aid" (p. 1), "Claims Queries and Replies" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 29 (April 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-196)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 29 (April 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-196)
"Issei, Nisei May Get Claims Forms for Lost or Damaged Articles" (p. 1), "Bill Gives Atty. - Gen More Power" (p. 1), "Shaft Honors War Dead of This Area" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 22 (March 25, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-9)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 22 (March 25, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-9)
"Text of Masaoka's Speech : Clarifies Japanese-American Situation" (p. 1), "Seeks Linguists" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 70 (August 30, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-239)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 70 (August 30, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-239)
"Giving Dictatorial Powers Dangerous, is Rep. Yates' Warning to Congress" (p. 1), "Many Nisei in Action on Korean Front, Seattleite Says" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 55 (June 30, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-123)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 55 (June 30, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-123)
"8,000 Nisei Included in Bracket Eligible for Coming U.S. Draft, WRA's 1940 Figures Disclose" (pg. 1), "5,000 Nisei Stranded in Japan Reportedly Lost Citizenship" (pg. 1), "Noted Sociologist Blames Political Pressure in B.C. as Chief Reason for Anti-Japanese Laws in Canada" (pg. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 20 (March 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-7)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 20 (March 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-7)
"Fort Denies GI's in Town Saturday Night" (p. 1), "Pay Differences Peril Continuance of Salmon Industry" (p. 1), "Most Japanese Unaffected by Deportation Rule" (p. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 73 (September 1, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-135)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 73 (September 1, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-135)
"442nd Leader Will Attend Utah Confab" (pg. 1), "Hiroshima Seeks Pittsburgh Aid" (pg. 1), "Ex-Resident of City Wants to Come Home" (pg. 4)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 9 (January 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-82)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 9 (January 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-82)
"H.R. Approves Bills to Help Three Aliens" (pg. 1), "Judd Introduces Third Measure on Naturalization, Immigration" (pg. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-167)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-167)
"Report from Washington: Work, Accomplishments of ADC in Legislative, Educational Horizons in U.S. Presented" (p. 1), "Claims Queries and Replies" (p. 6),
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 18 (March 11, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-5)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 18 (March 11, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-5)
"Maine Solon Gives Support to JACL Plan" (p. 1), "House Body Sifts Immigration Ruling" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 4 (January 13, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-265)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 4 (January 13, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-265)
"Slight Changes in Alien Stay Rulings Cited" (p. 1), "West Coast Evacuees Can't be Paid for Certain Expenses, Justice Rules" (p. 1), "Bills to Aid Asian Kin of GI's Studied" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 14 (February 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-85)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 14 (February 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-85)
"Truman Calls on Congress to Speed Up Business of Evacuation, Civil Rights" (pg.1), "7,000 Nisei Stranded in Japan Face Loss of U.S. Citizenship" (pg. 1), "JACL Bigwigs Plan Strategy to Push Bills" (pg. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 76 (October 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-63)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 76 (October 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-63)
"First Nisei War Dead to Arrive Late in 1948, JACL is Informed" (p. 1), "Canadian Property Owners Agree to Evacuation Loss Terms" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 51 (June 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-218)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 51 (June 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-218)
"Japanese Alien Granted Stay" (p. 1), "JACL (Victim of Greatest Violation) Asks Okay of Civil Rights Legislation" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 38 (May 1, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-106)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 38 (May 1, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-106)
"2,300 Nisei Renunciants Regain "Lost' Citizenship; Judge Scores Government Handling of Cases" (p. 1), "Hearings on Evacuation Claims Legislation Due Early Part of This Month, JACL-ADC Reports" (p. 1),
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 64 (September 9, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-52)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 64 (September 9, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-52)
""Mac' Told to K.O. Japan's War-Making Industries; Allied Council Chairman Attacks Soviet Obstruction" (p. 1), "Nisei Demand End of Japan Nationality" (p. 1), "GI-Japanese Bride Reports Help Naturalization Push" (p. 4).
API