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Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (54)
Concentration camps (556)
Education (782)

782 items
Camp classroom (ddr-densho-37-173)
img Camp classroom (ddr-densho-37-173)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. World History and English, a two hour class taught by Mrs. Hanny Billigmeier.
King of Hunt High School (ddr-densho-37-3)
img King of Hunt High School (ddr-densho-37-3)
Original WRA caption: King of Hunt High School May Day festival being crowned by Richard A. Pomeroy, Supt. of Education, is shown with his attendants. The court was chosen by popular vote in a contest sponsored by the student body. Left to right: Prince Victor Fujioka, princess Dorothy Sugawara, Mr. Pomeroy, King Johnny Okamoto, Princess Sue ...
Nursery school art class (ddr-densho-37-314)
img Nursery school art class (ddr-densho-37-314)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. Art time in the nursery school at this relocation center.
Fifth-grade boys playing (ddr-densho-37-76)
img Fifth-grade boys playing (ddr-densho-37-76)
Original WRA caption: These boys of the low fifth grade, taught by Mrs. Rhoda McGarva, are playing "Cock Fight."
High school class (ddr-densho-37-511)
img High school class (ddr-densho-37-511)
Original WRA caption: Granada Relocation Center, Amache, Colorado. Leo W. Kraus instructing high school class in properties of wood.
Schoolchildren landscaping in front of school building (ddr-densho-37-515)
img Schoolchildren landscaping in front of school building (ddr-densho-37-515)
Original WRA caption: Granada Relocation Center, Amache, Colorado. View showing Elementary children landscaping the grounds in front of their barracks school.
Sleeping nursery school children (ddr-densho-37-369)
img Sleeping nursery school children (ddr-densho-37-369)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. Nursery school children taking a midafternoon nap. Note the piles of shoes placed at the head of each bed.
High school band members (ddr-densho-37-539)
img High school band members (ddr-densho-37-539)
Original WRA caption: Rohwer Relocation Center, McGehee, Arkansas. A snare drum section of the high school band, in a practice session at the school band room. Most of the student band members are playing instuments for the first time, and the band is fast becoming a matter of much pride among center residents, former west coast ...
Home economics class (ddr-densho-37-39)
img Home economics class (ddr-densho-37-39)
Original WRA caption: Students in the high school home economics class.
Nursery school students (ddr-densho-37-165)
img Nursery school students (ddr-densho-37-165)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. Nursery school children singing "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star."
High school graduation (ddr-densho-37-33)
img High school graduation (ddr-densho-37-33)
Original WRA caption: Students of the Hunt High School dress in caps and gowns for Commencement exercises.
Nursery school (ddr-densho-37-167)
img Nursery school (ddr-densho-37-167)
Original WRA caption: Home made toilets for nursery school children.
Sixth-grade students (ddr-densho-37-74)
img Sixth-grade students (ddr-densho-37-74)
Original WRA caption: Sixth grade pupils in the classroom. Miss Mae Hert is the teacher.
Fifth-grade girls playing (ddr-densho-37-77)
img Fifth-grade girls playing (ddr-densho-37-77)
Original WRA caption: The girls of the lower fifth grade, taught by Mrs. Rhoda McGarva, are here shown playing "Two Deep."
Girls preparing for commencement (ddr-densho-37-691)
img Girls preparing for commencement (ddr-densho-37-691)
Original WRA caption: Girls at the Hunt High School, Minidoka Relocation Center, prepare for commencement exercises.
Home economics class (ddr-densho-37-724)
img Home economics class (ddr-densho-37-724)
Original WRA caption: Students in the High School Home Economics Class.
Nursery school child (ddr-densho-37-164)
img Nursery school child (ddr-densho-37-164)
Original WRA caption: Little nursery school girl singing "Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star.
Kindergarten class (ddr-densho-37-382)
img Kindergarten class (ddr-densho-37-382)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Segregation Center, Newell, California. A kindergarten class at the Tule Lake Center on the playground.
Grammar school (ddr-densho-37-174)
img Grammar school (ddr-densho-37-174)
Original WRA caption: A view in grammer school at this relocation center.
Camp art exhibit (ddr-densho-37-319)
img Camp art exhibit (ddr-densho-37-319)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. An evacuee girl proudly shows friends her art work which was on display in the exhibit shows held on labor day.
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