Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

Education (782)

782 items
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-127)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-127)
Excerpt: "War, as everyone else says, is 'HELL.'" I wouldn't know what it is, for I have never experienced the horrors of it."
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-153)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-153)
Excerpt:" As I was sitting at home last night thinking for a inspiration, I noticed next door a little boy, about the age of four climbing up and rolling down the sofa valiantly trying to irritate his mother since she could not receive his attention."
The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 31 (September 28, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-37)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 31 (September 28, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-37)
Selected article titles: "Supervisor Thomas: Circulation of Written Matter Must Be Approved" (pp. 1-2), "Canada Nisei Nearly Mobbed" (p. 1), and "New Teachers Supplement School Staff" (p. 4).
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 16 (April 20, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-65)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 16 (April 20, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-65)
Selected article titles: "Myer Speaks to Representative Groups During 4-Day Visit Here: Explains Policies of the WRA" (pp. 1, 6), "Doi Describes Arson Attacks at Court Trial" (p. 2), and "Hospital Opens Japanese School" (p. 5). Page 7 is mislabeled as page 6.
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 21 (May 25, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-70)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 21 (May 25, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-70)
Selected article titles: "May 12 Figures: 661 Casualties among Nisei from Centers" (p. 1), "Third Anniversary of Tule Lake This Sunday" (p. 2), "Closing Dates for Center Schools Set Says Myer" (p. 3), and "Former Tulean Commits Suicide" (p. 3).
Page of Hisa Nimura Horiuchi Scrapbook (ddr-densho-325-36)
doc Page of Hisa Nimura Horiuchi Scrapbook (ddr-densho-325-36)
This page of the scrapbook shows documents from two distinct periods of Hisa's wartime life. At the top of the page is an invitation to a Goodbye party thrown at Tule Lake as people began to leave the camp. At the bottom is one of the forms Hisa had to turn into Tri-State High School in ...
A Barrack Becomes a Home (ddr-densho-342-5)
doc A Barrack Becomes a Home (ddr-densho-342-5)
Cooperative project in Homemaking by the students of the Home Economics and Woodshop Departments of the Manzanar Secondary School. Booklet prepared by Beatrice H. White, Home Economics Supervisor, Manzanar Secondary Schools. Some pages missing.
Helen Harano Christ Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1013-6-13)
vh Helen Harano Christ Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1013-6-13)
Attending elementary school in camp: remembering teachers who had a difficult time
George Nakata Interview Segment 18 (ddr-one-7-29-18)
vh George Nakata Interview Segment 18 (ddr-one-7-29-18)
Memories of influential teachers in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Frank Isamu Kikuchi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-manz-1-5-7)
vh Frank Isamu Kikuchi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-manz-1-5-7)
Impact of camp on education: no higher level classes available
Martha Shoaf Interview Segment 13 (ddr-manz-1-9-13)
vh Martha Shoaf Interview Segment 13 (ddr-manz-1-9-13)
Obtaining teaching books and supplies through donations
API