Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

Education (782)

782 items
Nursery school children singing
img Nursery school children singing "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star" (ddr-densho-37-166)
Original WRA caption: Nursery school children singing "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star."
Camp high school students (ddr-densho-37-553)
img Camp high school students (ddr-densho-37-553)
Original WRA caption: Rohwer Relocation Center, McGehee, Arkansas. Changing classes at the temporary high school quarters.
Grammar school (ddr-densho-37-170)
img Grammar school (ddr-densho-37-170)
Original WRA caption: A view in grammer school at this relocation center.
Fifth-grade boys playing (ddr-densho-37-75)
img Fifth-grade boys playing (ddr-densho-37-75)
Original WRA caption: The boys of the lower fifth grade, taught by Mrs. Rhoda McGarva, shown here are choosing sides for games.
King of Hunt High School (ddr-densho-37-3)
img King of Hunt High School (ddr-densho-37-3)
Original WRA caption: King of Hunt High School May Day festival being crowned by Richard A. Pomeroy, Supt. of Education, is shown with his attendants. The court was chosen by popular vote in a contest sponsored by the student body. Left to right: Prince Victor Fujioka, princess Dorothy Sugawara, Mr. Pomeroy, King Johnny Okamoto, Princess Sue ...
Schoolchildren landscaping in front of school building (ddr-densho-37-515)
img Schoolchildren landscaping in front of school building (ddr-densho-37-515)
Original WRA caption: Granada Relocation Center, Amache, Colorado. View showing Elementary children landscaping the grounds in front of their barracks school.
Fifth-grade boys playing (ddr-densho-37-76)
img Fifth-grade boys playing (ddr-densho-37-76)
Original WRA caption: These boys of the low fifth grade, taught by Mrs. Rhoda McGarva, are playing "Cock Fight."
Sixth-grade students (ddr-densho-37-74)
img Sixth-grade students (ddr-densho-37-74)
Original WRA caption: Sixth grade pupils in the classroom. Miss Mae Hert is the teacher.
Camp high school brass band (ddr-densho-37-533)
img Camp high school brass band (ddr-densho-37-533)
Original WRA caption: Rohwer Relocation Center, McGehee, Arkansas. A part of the brass section of the High School Band, at the Rohwer Center. The students learning to play instruments for the band are former Californians, who, with their parents, were evacuated from stratiegic west coast areas.
Camp art exhibit (ddr-densho-37-319)
img Camp art exhibit (ddr-densho-37-319)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. An evacuee girl proudly shows friends her art work which was on display in the exhibit shows held on labor day.
Hunt High School students (ddr-densho-39-8)
img Hunt High School students (ddr-densho-39-8)
Original museum description: Photograph, black and white glossy of students at Hunt High School in Minidoka internment camp. Eight students- -four boys and four girls--are standing outside the school gymnasium books in hand. One of the female students is Rose (Suzuki) Obata in front right; another is Reiko Miura in front left, Tosh Mano is on ...
High school students (ddr-densho-39-32)
img High school students (ddr-densho-39-32)
Original museum description: Photograph, black and white glossy, shows high school students at Minidoka internment camp at a table, four standing and three seated, probably at their high school from indications on the wall. (Info from original museum description)
Embroidery class (ddr-densho-39-13)
img Embroidery class (ddr-densho-39-13)
Left to right: Mrs. Okita, Mrs. Torii, Mrs. Fukuda (teacher), Mrs. Matsuda, Mrs. Hamada, and Mrs. Iwashita.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-51)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-51)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944). Envelope is postmarked April 1, 1944 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Tomoko Ikeda (June 10, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-1)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Tomoko Ikeda (June 10, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-1)
Handwritten letter written by Tomoko Ikeda to Molly Wilson, June 10, 1942. Letter was written from an assembly center or a relocation center, and mentions adjusting to food in center and missing school.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (October 25, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-107)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (October 25, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-107)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (October 25, 1943). Envelope is postmarked October 26, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-83)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-83)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943). Envelope is postmarked July 7, 1943 from the Gila River Incarceration Camp in Rivers, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-72)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-72)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943). Envelope is postmarked February 17, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (July 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-49)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (July 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-49)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (July 9, 1943). Envelope is postmarked July 10, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
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