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Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (618)
Education (946)

946 items
Cosmetology school students (ddr-manz-10-50)
img Cosmetology school students (ddr-manz-10-50)
Back row (L to R): Hideko Ohashi, Mary Kakoi, Amy Miyamoto, Sadaye Akemoto, Kazuko Nagai, Hideko Minabe, Tomi Isago, Katie Inouye, Diane Tani, Masako Kurokawa. Middle row (L to R): Lillian Uyemura, Mary Hirabara, Duchess Takeuchi, Dorothy Yamamoto, Riyoko Nakamura, Masako Matsuo, Marian Morita. Front row (L to R): Sets Motoike, Harumi Hino, Aiko Yamashina, Denise …
Three people wearing graduation camp and gowns (ddr-manz-10-136)
img Three people wearing graduation camp and gowns (ddr-manz-10-136)
Original caption: "Min Imai, me, Harry Kikuta, Merritt Gardens, 1944."
Campus Pepper, Vol. I, No. 4 (May 7, 1943) (ddr-manz-9-10)
doc Campus Pepper, Vol. I, No. 4 (May 7, 1943) (ddr-manz-9-10)
Published bi-weekly by the journalism class of Manzanar High School.
Senior class wills (ddr-manz-9-11)
doc Senior class wills (ddr-manz-9-11)
"Wills" written by the Manzanar High School class of 1945.
The Making of America (ddr-manz-9-13)
doc The Making of America (ddr-manz-9-13)
Program from a Manzanar Elementary school performance.
Quid Nunc, Vol. I, No. I (March 10, 1944) (ddr-manz-8-19)
doc Quid Nunc, Vol. I, No. I (March 10, 1944) (ddr-manz-8-19)
Published monthly by the Latin class of Manzanar High School.
Quid Nunc, Vol. I, No. III (May 1944) (ddr-manz-8-20)
doc Quid Nunc, Vol. I, No. III (May 1944) (ddr-manz-8-20)
Published monthly by the Latin class of Manzanar High School.
Our World (1944) (ddr-manz-8-26)
doc Our World (1944) (ddr-manz-8-26)
The 1944 yearbook for Manzanar High School. Signed by students of Mary Jean Kramer.
Valediction (1945) (ddr-manz-8-28)
doc Valediction (1945) (ddr-manz-8-28)
The 1945 yearbook for Manzanar High School. Signed by students of Mary Jean Kramer.
Campus Pepper, Senior Edition, Vol. III, No. 6 (June 2, 1944) (ddr-manz-8-18)
doc Campus Pepper, Senior Edition, Vol. III, No. 6 (June 2, 1944) (ddr-manz-8-18)
Senior Edition. Published bi-weekly by the journalism class of Manzanar High School.
Campus Pepper, Vol. II, No. 3 (October 29, 1943) (ddr-manz-8-16)
doc Campus Pepper, Vol. II, No. 3 (October 29, 1943) (ddr-manz-8-16)
Published bi-weekly by the journalism class of Manzanar High School.
API