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Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (54)
Concentration camps (556)
Education (782)

782 items
School children as flowers (ddr-csujad-26-133)
img School children as flowers (ddr-csujad-26-133)
Large group of young children dressed in costume with flower petal headdresses in what appears to be a classroom. The children appear to be in a performance. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_103
Chapter 11 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-36)
doc Chapter 11 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-36)
Journal entries written by high school students discussing their observations and perspectives on a variety of topic including a fundraising carnival, yearbooks, class subjects and discussions, sports, homework, books, and teachers. Each entry includes the full date and student name. The entries were collected as part of a class assignment and used for the Japanese American ...
Evacuation and resettlement study, structural report, section II: the first six months at Tule Lake: social changes and a chronology of events (ddr-csujad-26-4)
doc Evacuation and resettlement study, structural report, section II: the first six months at Tule Lake: social changes and a chronology of events (ddr-csujad-26-4)
Report chronicling the first six months Tule Lake camp including the establishment of community activities, employment, schools, and barracks infrastructure. Describes challenges of adjusting to life in camp often using direct quotations from incarcerees to express struggles amid social and cultural groups as well as conflicts and strikes. Several events are also described including a description ...
Three small boys (ddr-csujad-26-137)
img Three small boys (ddr-csujad-26-137)
Photo of three small Japanese American boys who appear to be performing in a classroom. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_107
Oral history of Morris and Cherry Abe (ddr-csujad-28-3)
av Oral history of Morris and Cherry Abe (ddr-csujad-28-3)
Oral history Interview of Morris and Cherry Abe. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csuci_vcc-jic_0005
Seiko Ishida and her Third Grade Class (ddr-csujad-29-9)
img Seiko Ishida and her Third Grade Class (ddr-csujad-29-9)
Seiko Ishida and her 3rd grade class listening to the librarian Miss Matsuoka. Oral history transcript and audio are found in items: csufccop_jaoh_0010 and csufccop_jaoh_0016. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 1339_P02
Inside view Japanese American Evacuee Center at Rohwer, Arkansas, 1941-1945 (ddr-csujad-1-203)
doc Inside view Japanese American Evacuee Center at Rohwer, Arkansas, 1941-1945 (ddr-csujad-1-203)
A booklet compiled by Colburn Cox Stuart, Superintendent of Schools at McGehee, Desha County, Arkansas, 1941-1945. The booklet describes the children and schools in Rohwer, Arkansas, 1941-1945. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ike_04_05_001
Memo from Harry L. Black, Assistant Project Director, to Willard E. Schmidt, Chief of Police, re: disorders in Block #54, June 2, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-83)
doc Memo from Harry L. Black, Assistant Project Director, to Willard E. Schmidt, Chief of Police, re: disorders in Block #54, June 2, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-83)
Discusses imprisonment in the stockade of 12 incarcerees and tension concerning the Japanese Language Schools and the schools in the camps, detailing what it terms "terrorist tactics" on the part of the Japanese Language School's proponents and concluding that the Project Director is justified in using the stockade for disciplinary purposes. The document also includes the ...
Toshio Oku photo album (ddr-csujad-3-22)
img Toshio Oku photo album (ddr-csujad-3-22)
Photo album is a collection of landscape and panoramic photos of Tule Lake incarceration camp, holiday greeting cards, photos of a fire, graduation portrait of Toshio Oku, group photo of the Electrical Department, and inside the print shop of the Newell Star. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_023
Toshio Oku graduation photo (ddr-csujad-3-8)
img Toshio Oku graduation photo (ddr-csujad-3-8)
Portrait of Toshio Oku in what appears to be high school graduation cap and gown taken at Tule Lake. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_008
[High school graduation] (ddr-csujad-5-46)
img [High school graduation] (ddr-csujad-5-46)
A group photograph of the incarcerees standing in front of a barrack, 27-12-D, in the Rohwer incarceration camp, Arkansas. It appears to be taken during the high school graduation ceremony. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_05_032
1944 Resume (ddr-csujad-5-304)
1944 Resume (ddr-csujad-5-304)
A high school yearbook titled "1944 Resume." Published by the Class of 1944, Rohwer Center High School in the Rohwer incarceration camp, Arkansas. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_07_09_001
Anne Moore interview (ddr-csujad-6-23)
doc Anne Moore interview (ddr-csujad-6-23)
Oral history interview with Anne Moore. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MOORE_ANNE
Rhythm show program (ddr-csujad-7-30)
doc Rhythm show program (ddr-csujad-7-30)
Program for a play/concert put on by high school students at Amache. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Rhythm Show Program
Mrs. Akiko Suda (ddr-csujad-8-66)
doc Mrs. Akiko Suda (ddr-csujad-8-66)
Oral history interview with Mrs. Akiko Suda. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Suda, Mrs Akiko
Kou Uyemaruko (ddr-csujad-8-81)
doc Kou Uyemaruko (ddr-csujad-8-81)
Oral history interview with Kou Uyemaruko [Ko Uemaruko]. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Uyemaruko, Kou
Michio and June Toshiyuki (ddr-csujad-8-77)
doc Michio and June Toshiyuki (ddr-csujad-8-77)
Oral history interview with Michio and June Toshiyuki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Toshiyuki, Michio and June
Three students doing steamed crayon work for tablecloths and wall hangings in adult crafts class at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-41)
img Three students doing steamed crayon work for tablecloths and wall hangings in adult crafts class at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-41)
Three students doing steamed crayon work for tablecloths and wall hangings in adult crafts class at Granada incarceration camp. December 10, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f06
Misae Oku receiving instruction from instructor, Mrs. Sadako Yasue (ddr-csujad-14-22)
img Misae Oku receiving instruction from instructor, Mrs. Sadako Yasue (ddr-csujad-14-22)
Misaye [Misae] Oku receiving instruction from instructor, Mrs. Sadako Yasue, in sewing class at Rohwer incarceration camp. March 7, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_022
Alice Hifuni, Nisei high school student at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-10)
img Alice Hifuni, Nisei high school student at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-10)
Alice Hifuni, Nisei high school student at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. January 9, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_010
Three high school students with their calves at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-5)
img Three high school students with their calves at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-5)
Three high school students with their calves at Granada incarceration camp. December 11, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_005
High school students changing classes at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-62)
img High school students changing classes at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-62)
High school students changing classes at Rohwer incarceration camp. November 17, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f27
Night school class in advanced English at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-59)
img Night school class in advanced English at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-59)
Night school class in advanced English at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. January 11, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f24
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