Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

Education (774)

774 items
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from  Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-48)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-48)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943). Envelope is postmarked October 9, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (August 14, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-106)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (August 14, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-106)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (August 14, 1943). Envelope is postmarked August 17, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 31, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-17)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 31, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-17)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 31, 1943). Envelope is postmarked September 11, 1943 from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (c. 1943) (ddr-janm-1-58)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (c. 1943) (ddr-janm-1-58)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (c. 1943) from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 17, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-16)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 17, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-16)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 17, 1943). Envelope (addressed "The 'Flea' ") is postmarked July 19, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
First grade class and teacher (ddr-densho-152-37)
img First grade class and teacher (ddr-densho-152-37)
Heart Mountain Elementary School first grade class with teacher, Mrs. Christiansen.
Fourth grade boys (ddr-densho-152-18)
img Fourth grade boys (ddr-densho-152-18)
Fourth grade boys from Heart Mountain Elementary School play outside. Original caption: "Fourth grade boys. X = James Koshiyama scored high on I.Q. test. Scores 111. He's both small and young for grade 4."
Heart Mountain school building (ddr-densho-152-36)
img Heart Mountain school building (ddr-densho-152-36)
This is the Block 25 school building at Heart Mountain concentration camp.
Elementary school students (ddr-densho-151-33)
img Elementary school students (ddr-densho-151-33)
Original WRA caption: Manzanar Relocation Center, Manzanar, California. An elementary school with voluntary evacuee attendance has been established with volunteer evacuee teachers, most of whom are college graduates. No school equipment is as yet obtainable and available tables and benches are used. However, classes are often held in the shade of the barrack building at this ...
Elementary school class (ddr-densho-151-361)
img Elementary school class (ddr-densho-151-361)
Original caption: Manzanar Relocation Center, Manzanar, California. These young evacuees are attending the first elementary school at this War Relocation Authority center. There are six grades with volunteer teachers and voluntary attendance.
Painting of the Manzanar High School 1944 graduation (ddr-manz-2-11)
img Painting of the Manzanar High School 1944 graduation (ddr-manz-2-11)
Caption: "Manzanar High School commencement of 1944. Our democratic country has people representing all nation[s] - Mr. Ralph P. Merritt."
Teacher standing with students (ddr-manz-7-30)
img Teacher standing with students (ddr-manz-7-30)
Caption on reverse: "Eleanor Jones & Roy Tanaka."
Quid Nunc, Vol. I, No. I (March 10, 1944) (ddr-manz-8-19)
doc Quid Nunc, Vol. I, No. I (March 10, 1944) (ddr-manz-8-19)
Published monthly by the Latin class of Manzanar High School.
Our World (1944) (ddr-manz-8-26)
doc Our World (1944) (ddr-manz-8-26)
The 1944 yearbook for Manzanar High School. Signed by students of Mary Jean Kramer.
Campus Pepper, Vol. II, No. 3 (October 29, 1943) (ddr-manz-8-16)
doc Campus Pepper, Vol. II, No. 3 (October 29, 1943) (ddr-manz-8-16)
Published bi-weekly by the journalism class of Manzanar High School.
The Making of America (ddr-manz-9-13)
doc The Making of America (ddr-manz-9-13)
Program from a Manzanar Elementary school performance.
API