Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

Education (774)

774 items
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "Wounded" (ddr-densho-171-137)
Excerpt: "It is spring and you are walking down the road. As you look around admiring the scenery you suddenly see a young man in crutches."
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-144)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-144)
Excerpt: "'I helped to win that World War II!'" No, I wasn't in the Army Air Corps, or the Navy, or even the Army; I stayed in the home front and did my part there."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-2)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-2)
Excerpt: "I'm not sure when I wrote last, was it on the train? As you probably noticed I took the Pacific limited to be sure of connections at Wells." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-36)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-36)
Excerpt: "Winter has replaced autumn, and fact has replaced rumor." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "War" (ddr-densho-171-166)
Excerpt: "Perhaps many of us partially realize what this simple noun 'War' actually means."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-7)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-7)
Excerpt: "I put my room to permanent rights at little more. Assembled my voluminous notes and bibliographies from Stanford into notebook covers purchased yesterday." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "Could Be...?" (ddr-densho-171-117)
Excerpt: "Why, what has become of the Niseis? I can't seem to find them in there usual 'Little Tokyos.'"
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-1)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-1)
Excerpt: "I'm here! Just a line because I have to be up at 7 tomorrow. Things are much better than I expected and they have a grand bunch here." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-167)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-167)
Excerpt: "The house was surrounded by a deathly stillness that covered its two companions inside like a cloak."
Nursery school children singing
img Nursery school children singing "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star" (ddr-densho-37-166)
Original WRA caption: Nursery school children singing "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star."
Camp high school students (ddr-densho-37-553)
img Camp high school students (ddr-densho-37-553)
Original WRA caption: Rohwer Relocation Center, McGehee, Arkansas. Changing classes at the temporary high school quarters.
Grammar school (ddr-densho-37-170)
img Grammar school (ddr-densho-37-170)
Original WRA caption: A view in grammer school at this relocation center.
King of Hunt High School (ddr-densho-37-3)
img King of Hunt High School (ddr-densho-37-3)
Original WRA caption: King of Hunt High School May Day festival being crowned by Richard A. Pomeroy, Supt. of Education, is shown with his attendants. The court was chosen by popular vote in a contest sponsored by the student body. Left to right: Prince Victor Fujioka, princess Dorothy Sugawara, Mr. Pomeroy, King Johnny Okamoto, Princess Sue ...
Fifth-grade boys playing (ddr-densho-37-75)
img Fifth-grade boys playing (ddr-densho-37-75)
Original WRA caption: The boys of the lower fifth grade, taught by Mrs. Rhoda McGarva, shown here are choosing sides for games.
Fifth-grade boys playing (ddr-densho-37-76)
img Fifth-grade boys playing (ddr-densho-37-76)
Original WRA caption: These boys of the low fifth grade, taught by Mrs. Rhoda McGarva, are playing "Cock Fight."
Sixth-grade students (ddr-densho-37-74)
img Sixth-grade students (ddr-densho-37-74)
Original WRA caption: Sixth grade pupils in the classroom. Miss Mae Hert is the teacher.
Schoolchildren landscaping in front of school building (ddr-densho-37-515)
img Schoolchildren landscaping in front of school building (ddr-densho-37-515)
Original WRA caption: Granada Relocation Center, Amache, Colorado. View showing Elementary children landscaping the grounds in front of their barracks school.
Camp high school brass band (ddr-densho-37-533)
img Camp high school brass band (ddr-densho-37-533)
Original WRA caption: Rohwer Relocation Center, McGehee, Arkansas. A part of the brass section of the High School Band, at the Rohwer Center. The students learning to play instruments for the band are former Californians, who, with their parents, were evacuated from stratiegic west coast areas.
Camp art exhibit (ddr-densho-37-319)
img Camp art exhibit (ddr-densho-37-319)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. An evacuee girl proudly shows friends her art work which was on display in the exhibit shows held on labor day.
Hunt High School students (ddr-densho-39-8)
img Hunt High School students (ddr-densho-39-8)
Original museum description: Photograph, black and white glossy of students at Hunt High School in Minidoka internment camp. Eight students- -four boys and four girls--are standing outside the school gymnasium books in hand. One of the female students is Rose (Suzuki) Obata in front right; another is Reiko Miura in front left, Tosh Mano is on ...
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