Draft resistance

In 1944 the government reinstated the draft for Japanese Americans after suspending it in 1942 and began drafting men directly from the camps. This action angered many. At Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, resistance took the form of an organized movement calling itself the Fair Play Committee. Members demanded that their rights as citizens be restored before enlisting in the military. Eventually, sixty-three men from Heart Mountain refused induction and were sentenced to prison terms for draft evasion. In the other camps, disparate individuals made the decision to resist the draft. After being unfairly incarcerated for almost two years, they saw the draft as the final injustice. Ultimately, 267 men from all the concentration camps were convicted of evading the draft and most served time in prison. President Truman pardoned all of the resisters in 1947.

World War II (66)
Resistance and dissidence (73)
Draft resistance (345)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Draft resistance, Frank Emi, Gordon Hirabayashi, No-No Boy (book)

345 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 25 (December 19-26, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-50)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 25 (December 19-26, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-50)
Special holiday issue organized into sections A 1-32, B 1-64, and A 33-64. Selected article titles: "As Others See Us: An Overview" (pp. A-4, A-13, A-20), "The Dilemma of the 'Model Minority' Image" (p. A-14), "Minoru Yasui, 1916-1986: In Remembrance" (pp. B-1-B-2), "The Nisei of the 1800 Engineer General Service Battalion: An Untold Story" (pp. B-39-B-40, …
Excerpts from an FBI report on the Fair Play Committee (ddr-densho-67-74)
doc Excerpts from an FBI report on the Fair Play Committee (ddr-densho-67-74)
Excerpts from an FBI report on the Fair Play Committee (FPC) at Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming. Includes the author's observations and impressions of FPC daily activities, meetings, etc. Also included are petitions written to Congress by the FPC and translations of FPC publications. Report ends with interviews with FPC leaders Paul Nakadate and Frank Emi.
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 3 (January 8, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-77)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 3 (January 8, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-77)
"21 From Seattle Granted Presidential Pardons on Draft-Dodge Charge" (pg. 1), "Judd's Measure Aids Japanese" (pg. 1),
The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 27 (August 31, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-33)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 27 (August 31, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-33)
Selected article titles: "Further Action on Tule Draft Case Dropped" (p. 1), "Stockade: Isolation Area Empty; Occupants Return Home" (p. 1), and "Sending V-Mail in Japanese Permissible" (p. 4).
The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 22 (July 27, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-28)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 22 (July 27, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-28)
Selected article titles: "Status Unchanged as Hunger Strike Enters Ninth Day" (p. 1), "27 Freed; Due Process of Law Not Accorded--Judge" (pp. 1-2), "Obon Cancelled; Rites Held for Deceased Heroes" (p. 3), and "Bi-Ovum Babies Boost Births" (p. 4).
The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 21 (July 20, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-26)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 21 (July 20, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-26)
Selected article titles: "27 Taken to Eureka on Draft Violation Charges" (p. 1), "Two Charged with Sedition and Conspiracy" (p. 2), and "Black Reports Temporary Ban on Block Carnivals" (p. 4).
Jim Akutsu Interview (ddr-densho-1000-2)
vh Jim Akutsu Interview (ddr-densho-1000-2)
Nisei male. Born January 25, 1920, in Seattle, Washington. Incarcerated at the Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, and Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. Resisted the draft, with the rationale that the U.S. government had classified him 4-C, an enemy alien, and he was therefore under no obligation to serve. Imprisoned at McNeil Island Penitentiary, Washington. Vocal critic of …
Gene Akutsu Interview I (ddr-densho-1000-1)
vh Gene Akutsu Interview I (ddr-densho-1000-1)
Nisei male. Born September 23, 1925, in Seattle, Washington. Spent prewar childhood in Seattle's Nihonmachi. Incarcerated at Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, and Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. Refused to participate in the draft and was imprisoned at McNeil Island Penitentiary, Washington, for draft resistance. Resettled in Seattle.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 1 (July 6-13, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 1 (July 6-13, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-26)
Select article titles: "Draft Resisters React Favorably to Resolution"(p.1);"Redress Eligibility Process for WWII Nisei Servicemen Explained"(p.1);"Recent Immigrants Strain Chinatown's Resources"(p.2); "L.A. Unified School District Dedicates Its First Japanese American Named School"(p.3); "Resolution 13: To Heal the Community's Wartime Wounds"(p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 5 (August 31, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 5 (August 31, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-30)
Select article titles: "No. Cal-Western Nevada-Pacific JACL Director Retires After 15 Years"(p.1); "JACL HQ Rebuts Uyeda's 'Accusations'"(p.1); "What's Wrong With Being a Bridge to Japan? Nisei Have a Vested Interest in Its Well-Being"(p.5); "Two Years Ago on Aug. 10, President Reagan Sets Government Motion for Apology and Redress"(p.6).
Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-19)
doc Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-19)
Getting his allotment and pay, mention of hearing about the draft resisters.
Letter from Kathleen Koga Uchiyama to Alvin Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-34)
doc Letter from Kathleen Koga Uchiyama to Alvin Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-34)
Future plans, discusses a friend who was a no-no boy and was sent to Tule Lake, asks about loyalty questionnaire. With envelope front and back.
Page 18 of Wyoming Eagle (ddr-densho-122-789)
doc Page 18 of Wyoming Eagle (ddr-densho-122-789)
Article: Nisei Trial to Resume on Monday; dismissal Denied
Conscience and the Constitution Project description (ddr-densho-122-374)
doc Conscience and the Constitution Project description (ddr-densho-122-374)
Synopsis, draft budget and personnel for proposed documentary with working title "Years of Infamy"
Frank Emi's notebook (ddr-densho-122-776)
doc Frank Emi's notebook (ddr-densho-122-776)
Original notebook of notes taken by Frank Emi during the trial
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