Draft resistance

In 1944 the government reinstated the draft for Japanese Americans after suspending it in 1942 and began drafting men directly from the camps. This action angered many. At Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, resistance took the form of an organized movement calling itself the Fair Play Committee. Members demanded that their rights as citizens be restored before enlisting in the military. Eventually, sixty-three men from Heart Mountain refused induction and were sentenced to prison terms for draft evasion. In the other camps, disparate individuals made the decision to resist the draft. After being unfairly incarcerated for almost two years, they saw the draft as the final injustice. Ultimately, 267 men from all the concentration camps were convicted of evading the draft and most served time in prison. President Truman pardoned all of the resisters in 1947.

World War II (216)
Resistance and dissidence (80)
Draft resistance (346)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Draft resistance, Frank Emi, Gordon Hirabayashi, No-No Boy (book)

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346 items
Akio Hoshino Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-26-12)
vh Akio Hoshino Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-26-12)
Description of McNeil Island Penitentiary, Washington; imprisoned for resisting the draft
Joe Yamakido Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-167-9)
vh Joe Yamakido Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-167-9)
Arrested for failing to report for army induction physical; sentenced to three years in prison
Jim Akutsu Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-2-39)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-2-39)
A jury instructed to find a guilty verdict in draft resistance trial

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-2-35)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-2-35)
Deciding to resist the draft; a visit from the FBI

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 43 (ddr-densho-1000-2-43)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 43 (ddr-densho-1000-2-43)
Separated from the Heart Mountain resisters at McNeil Island Penitentiary

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-2-37)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-2-37)
Unsolicited advice against fighting the draft, the WRA and Clarence Arai

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-2-25)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-2-25)
A growing anger over conditions in camp plants seeds of resistance

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-2-36)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-2-36)
Seeking advice on fighting the draft from Min Yasui

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-2-42)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-2-42)
Impact of two brothers who both resisted the draft

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 44 (ddr-densho-1000-2-44)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 44 (ddr-densho-1000-2-44)
Keeping occupied in the McNeil Island Penitentiary

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 41 (ddr-densho-1000-2-41)
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Thoughts on the other draft resisters

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-2-38)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-2-38)
Suspecting the camp administration of tampering with draft notice

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-2-40)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-2-40)
Communicating with other draft resisters from Heart Mountain

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-2-29)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-2-29)
Personal response to the so-called "loyalty questions"

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Gene Akutsu Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-1-25)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-1-25)
Starting over after release from McNeil Island Penitentiary, telling children about resistance decisions
Gene Akutsu Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-1-30)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-1-30)
Reasons for answering "no-no" on so-called "loyalty questions" and revisiting decision to resist the draft
Gene Akutsu Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-1-34)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-1-34)
Receiving notification of Presidential pardon for WWII draft resistance
Gene Akutsu Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-1-22)
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Arriving at McNeil Island Penitentiary after resisting the draft: living conditions
Gene Akutsu Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-1-15)
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Considering the consequences of resisting the draft, and interactions with jailers, other resisters, and jail inmates
Gene Akutsu Segment 32 (ddr-densho-1000-1-32)
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Work detail at McNeil Island Penitentiary; imprisoned for resisting the draft
Gene Akutsu Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-1-24)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-1-24)
Impact of draft resistance on family: harsh response from Japanese American community contributes to Mother's suicide
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