Draft resistance

In 1944 the government reinstated the draft for Japanese Americans after suspending it in 1942 and began drafting men directly from the camps. This action angered many. At Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, resistance took the form of an organized movement calling itself the Fair Play Committee. Members demanded that their rights as citizens be restored before enlisting in the military. Eventually, sixty-three men from Heart Mountain refused induction and were sentenced to prison terms for draft evasion. In the other camps, disparate individuals made the decision to resist the draft. After being unfairly incarcerated for almost two years, they saw the draft as the final injustice. Ultimately, 267 men from all the concentration camps were convicted of evading the draft and most served time in prison. President Truman pardoned all of the resisters in 1947.

World War II (216)
Resistance and dissidence (80)
Draft resistance (346)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Draft resistance, Frank Emi, Gordon Hirabayashi, No-No Boy (book)

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346 items
George Koshi Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1008-1-30)
vh George Koshi Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1008-1-30)
Thoughts on the draft resisters

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Ben Kuroki - Shige Kuroki Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-122-21-14)
vh Ben Kuroki - Shige Kuroki Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-122-21-14)
Preparing to testify at the resisters' trial: disagreeing, but understanding their point of view

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not …

Frank Yamasaki Interview I Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-107-28)
vh Frank Yamasaki Interview I Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-107-28)
Feelings upon being sentenced to prison for draft resistance: "it was a nightmare"
Frank Yamasaki Interview I Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-107-33)
vh Frank Yamasaki Interview I Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-107-33)
Intimidation by other Japanese Americans in response to wartime draft resistance
Frank Yamasaki Interview I Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-107-29)
vh Frank Yamasaki Interview I Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-107-29)
Serving sentence at McNeil Island Penitentiary for draft resistance, thoughts on other inmates
Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-130-16)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-130-16)
Feeling shocked and hurt upon hearing "guilty" verdict in draft resistance trial, sentenced to three years in prison
Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-130-13)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-130-13)
Learning about the Fair Play Committee at Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming
Jimi Yamaichi Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-106-16)
vh Jimi Yamaichi Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-106-16)
"Exonerated" of all charges by a judge in Eureka, California for lack of due process
Jimi Yamaichi Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-106-15)
vh Jimi Yamaichi Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-106-15)
Making the decision to resist the draft, "I can't vote, I can't register, and they want me to join the army"
Ken Yoshida Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-428-13)
vh Ken Yoshida Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-428-13)
Serving sentence for draft resistance at a road camp

This interview is incomplete. It ends after the first hour of taping, when Mr. Yoshida is describing serving time at the road camp for resisting the draft. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any …

Ken Yoshida Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-428-10)
vh Ken Yoshida Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-428-10)
Picked up and taking to a county jail for refusing draft order

This interview is incomplete. It ends after the first hour of taping, when Mr. Yoshida is describing serving time at the road camp for resisting the draft. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National …

Ken Yoshida Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-428-9)
vh Ken Yoshida Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-428-9)
Answering "yes-yes" on the so-called "loyalty questionnaire but deciding to resist the draft

This interview is incomplete. It ends after the first hour of taping, when Mr. Yoshida is describing serving time at the road camp for resisting the draft. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, …

Ken Yoshida Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-428-11)
vh Ken Yoshida Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-428-11)
Daily life in the country jail

This interview is incomplete. It ends after the first hour of taping, when Mr. Yoshida is describing serving time at the road camp for resisting the draft. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and …

Grant Ujifusa Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-133-16)
vh Grant Ujifusa Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-133-16)
Discussion of the controversy between World War II veterans and resisters
Takashi Hoshizaki Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-290-22)
vh Takashi Hoshizaki Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-290-22)
Answering the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" and deciding to resist the draft

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department …

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