Registration and the "loyalty questionnaire"

To help administer the military draft and work release program, the U.S. Army and the War Relocation Authority (WRA) produced "loyalty questionnaires" for all Japanese Americans seventeen years of age and older. The questionnaires contained two questions that caused confusion and controversy. Despite serious problems with the wording and meaning of the questions, government officials and others generally considered those who answered "no" to these two questions to be "disloyal" to the United States, and they were transferred to the Tule Lake concentration camp which was designated a segregation camp. "Yes" answers to these questions made Japanese Americans eligible for service in the U.S. Army, and some became eligible for release and resettlement in areas outside of the West Coast exclusion zones.

World War II (231)
Administration (217)
Registration and the "loyalty questionnaire" (278)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Japanese American Joint Board, Loyalty questionnaire, Segregation

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278 items
An Oral History with Woodrow Odanaka (ddr-csujad-29-14)
av An Oral History with Woodrow Odanaka (ddr-csujad-29-14)
Impressions of a Nisei concerning pre-World War II family produce business in Los Angeles, California; removal to Santa Anita Assembly Center in California, and the Granada incarceration camp in Colorado; wartime college experiences in Minnesota; and Army military intelligence duties in the Philippines and occupied Japan. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral …
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (March 21, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-82)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (March 21, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-82)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (March 21, 1943). Envelope is postmarked March 22, 1943 from the Gila River Incarceration Camp in Rivers, Arizona.
Letter from Kathleen Koga Uchiyama to Alvin Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-34)
doc Letter from Kathleen Koga Uchiyama to Alvin Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-34)
Future plans, discusses a friend who was a no-no boy and was sent to Tule Lake, asks about loyalty questionnaire. With envelope front and back.
Relocation problems and policies (ddr-densho-381-24)
doc Relocation problems and policies (ddr-densho-381-24)
An address delivered by War Relocation Authority Director, Dillon S. Myer, to the Tuesday Evening Club. Myer discusses a variety of topics, including the creation of the War Relocation Authority, managing the camps, and plans for relocation.
Report and minority views of the Special Committee on Un-American Activities on Japanese War Relocation Centers (ddr-densho-381-55)
doc Report and minority views of the Special Committee on Un-American Activities on Japanese War Relocation Centers (ddr-densho-381-55)
A report submitted by John M. Costello to the House of Representatives discussing concerns with the War Relocation Authority's management of the concentration camps.
Message from the President of the United States on the Segregation of Loyal and Disloyal Japanese in Relocation Centers (ddr-densho-356-1037)
doc Message from the President of the United States on the Segregation of Loyal and Disloyal Japanese in Relocation Centers (ddr-densho-356-1037)
Formal message from President Franklin Roosevelt to the Senate regarding Senate Resolution 166 on the segregation of loyal and disloyal Nikkei in camps.
Letter to Yuri Domoto from Sadame Nomi (ddr-densho-356-356)
doc Letter to Yuri Domoto from Sadame Nomi (ddr-densho-356-356)
Letter to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from Sadame Nomi in which Sadame details her life in Denver include her work as a translator for the WRA loyalty questionnaire interviews. Item tied together with all objects between ddr-densho-356-321 and ddr-densho-356-413.
Letter to Yuri Domoto from Yoshito Shibata (ddr-densho-356-259)
doc Letter to Yuri Domoto from Yoshito Shibata (ddr-densho-356-259)
Letter to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from Yoshito Shibata in which he talks about the difficulties of writing on a train by candlelight, his recent assignment to a Marine unit, responses to a letter Yuri wrote to him, facts about trains in Australia, his feelings on question 28, and inquires if the Domoto family has plans to …
Torakichi Nishioka Form 26 (ddr-densho-292-52)
doc Torakichi Nishioka Form 26 (ddr-densho-292-52)
The Form 26 Individual Record contains information about education, employment, religion, military service, addresses before and at camp, and other demographic information.
Frank Nishioka Form 26 (ddr-densho-292-50)
doc Frank Nishioka Form 26 (ddr-densho-292-50)
The Form 26 Individual Record contains information about education, employment, religion, military service, addresses before and at camp, and other demographic information.
Yoshiko Nishioka Form 26 (ddr-densho-292-51)
doc Yoshiko Nishioka Form 26 (ddr-densho-292-51)
The Form 26 Individual Record contains information about education, employment, religion, military service, addresses before and at camp, and other demographic information.
Letter from Mary Tsukamoto to Mr. McWilliams, October 18, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-2)
doc Letter from Mary Tsukamoto to Mr. McWilliams, October 18, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-2)
Mary writes about the hardships of her first year in Jerome incarceration center, the loyalty questionnaire, regrets by those who chose to repatriate to Japan, and the kindess of the everyday people she met on a tour of Indiana. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00003
Minutes from the Heart Mountain Block Chairmen meeting, February 16, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-422)
doc Minutes from the Heart Mountain Block Chairmen meeting, February 16, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-422)
Minutes from the Heart Mountain Block Chairmen meeting. Includes discussion on "loyalty questionnaire." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0424
Sentinel supplement, series 40 (March 3, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1035)
doc Sentinel supplement, series 40 (March 3, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1035)
News bulletin for incarcerees covering announcements, events, programs, policies, recreational activities, and jobs at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. Current issue includes information on registration ("loyalty questionnaire") for female incarcerees, range firing schedule, a farewell dinner for Dr. Kinoshita, and the YWCA schedule. Includes section in Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Minutes from the Heart Mountain Block Chairmen meeting, special session, February 17, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-423)
doc Minutes from the Heart Mountain Block Chairmen meeting, special session, February 17, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-423)
Minutes from the Heart Mountain Block Chairmen meeting. Includes discussion on "loyalty questionnaire" and Nisei. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0425
Address by Lieutenant Ray McDaniels at Heart Mountain (ddr-csujad-55-744)
doc Address by Lieutenant Ray McDaniels at Heart Mountain (ddr-csujad-55-744)
Transcription of address given by Lieutenant Ray McDaniels to incarcerees at Heart Mountain incarceration camp regarding the "loyalty questionnaire," loyalty of Japanese Americans, and recruitment for a special combat team. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0746
27 Japs jailed for rebelling against draft order at Tule Lake Center (ddr-csujad-55-1976)
doc 27 Japs jailed for rebelling against draft order at Tule Lake Center (ddr-csujad-55-1976)
Clipping of the article, "27 Japs Jailed for Rebelling Against Draft Order at Tule Lake Center." From the Masako Adachi scrapbook, page 20. See also sac_jaac_1953. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1979
Sentinel supplement, series 30 (February 15, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1026)
doc Sentinel supplement, series 30 (February 15, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1026)
News bulletin for incarcerees covering announcements, events, programs, policies, recreational activities, and jobs at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. Current issue includes information about registration ("loyalty questionnaire") schedule and instructions, policy on construction materials, and paychecks. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1028
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