Registration and the "loyalty questionnaire"

To help administer the military draft and work release program, the U.S. Army and the War Relocation Authority (WRA) produced "loyalty questionnaires" for all Japanese Americans seventeen years of age and older. The questionnaires contained two questions that caused confusion and controversy. Despite serious problems with the wording and meaning of the questions, government officials and others generally considered those who answered "no" to these two questions to be "disloyal" to the United States, and they were transferred to the Tule Lake concentration camp which was designated a segregation camp. "Yes" answers to these questions made Japanese Americans eligible for service in the U.S. Army, and some became eligible for release and resettlement in areas outside of the West Coast exclusion zones.

World War II (231)
Administration (217)
Registration and the "loyalty questionnaire" (278)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Japanese American Joint Board, Loyalty questionnaire, Segregation

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278 items
Betty Morita Shibayama Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-152-20)
vh Betty Morita Shibayama Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-152-20)
Remembering family's discussions involving the so-called "loyalty questionnaire"
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-164-22)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-164-22)
Father vocally protests conditions in camp, and is questioned by FBI regarding allegations made against him
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-164-21)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-164-21)
The confusing questions 27 and 28 on the so-called "loyalty questionnaire"
Frank Miyamoto Interview III Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-52-23)
vh Frank Miyamoto Interview III Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-52-23)
Ceasing the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study due to violence in Tule Lake
Frank Miyamoto Interview III Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-52-18)
vh Frank Miyamoto Interview III Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-52-18)
Description of the unique population of Tule Lake and factors surrounding registration
Frank Miyamoto Interview III Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-52-19)
vh Frank Miyamoto Interview III Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-52-19)
Registration and the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" at Tule Lake
Francis Mas Fukuhara Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-9-14)
vh Francis Mas Fukuhara Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-9-14)
Impact of FBI detention on father, and the impact on family of repatriation and questions of loyalty
Charles Olds Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-121-4)
vh Charles Olds Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-121-4)
Administering the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" to camp inmates

This interview took place at the 2000 Tule Lake Pilgrimage in Klamath Falls, Oregon.

Fred Tadashi Shingu Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-292-17)
vh Fred Tadashi Shingu Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-292-17)
Refusing to sign the so-called "loyalty questionnaire": "I thought it was a stupid question"
Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-432-28)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-432-28)
Charged with being "disloyal" and segregated to Tule Lake (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material …

Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-432-26)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-432-26)
Refusing to answer the so-called "loyalty questions" (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those …

Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-432-24)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-432-24)
Answering the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the …

Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-432-27)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-432-27)
Feeling that the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" should have been administered before incarceration (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed …

Shig Miyaki Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-259-16)
vh Shig Miyaki Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-259-16)
Answering "no-no" on the so-called "loyalty questionnaire"

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Shig Miyaki Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-259-17)
vh Shig Miyaki Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-259-17)
Observing heating meetings regarding the so-called "loyalty questionnaire"

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Mae Kanazawa Hara Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-168-13)
vh Mae Kanazawa Hara Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-168-13)
Thoughts on the so-called "loyalty questionnaire": "I thought it was just unreasonable"
George Fugami Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-7-34)
vh George Fugami Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-7-34)
Feelings about those who answered "no" to the so-called "loyalty questionnaire"
George Fugami Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-7-36)
vh George Fugami Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-7-36)
The conflict of the "loyalty questionnaire": being a good American and a good Japanese
George Fugami Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-7-38)
vh George Fugami Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-7-38)
Understanding how some of the other Kibei felt about the so-called "loyalty questions"
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