Registration and the "loyalty questionnaire"

To help administer the military draft and work release program, the U.S. Army and the War Relocation Authority (WRA) produced "loyalty questionnaires" for all Japanese Americans seventeen years of age and older. The questionnaires contained two questions that caused confusion and controversy. Despite serious problems with the wording and meaning of the questions, government officials and others generally considered those who answered "no" to these two questions to be "disloyal" to the United States, and they were transferred to the Tule Lake concentration camp which was designated a segregation camp. "Yes" answers to these questions made Japanese Americans eligible for service in the U.S. Army, and some became eligible for release and resettlement in areas outside of the West Coast exclusion zones.

World War II (231)
Administration (217)
Registration and the "loyalty questionnaire" (278)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Japanese American Joint Board, Loyalty questionnaire, Segregation

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278 items
27 Japs jailed for rebelling against draft order at Tule Lake Center (ddr-csujad-55-1976)
doc 27 Japs jailed for rebelling against draft order at Tule Lake Center (ddr-csujad-55-1976)
Clipping of the article, "27 Japs Jailed for Rebelling Against Draft Order at Tule Lake Center." From the Masako Adachi scrapbook, page 20. See also sac_jaac_1953. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1979
Sentinel supplement, series 30 (February 15, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1026)
doc Sentinel supplement, series 30 (February 15, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1026)
News bulletin for incarcerees covering announcements, events, programs, policies, recreational activities, and jobs at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. Current issue includes information about registration ("loyalty questionnaire") schedule and instructions, policy on construction materials, and paychecks. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1028
Sentinel supplement, series 28 (February 11, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1025)
doc Sentinel supplement, series 28 (February 11, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1025)
News bulletin for incarcerees covering announcements, events, programs, policies, recreational activities, and jobs at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. Current issue includes information about the "Registration Program" (including clarification on question #27 of the "loyalty questionnaire"), interviews by a Relocation Officer, and a farming opportunity. Includes section in Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities …
Certification of registration (ddr-csujad-55-1633)
doc Certification of registration (ddr-csujad-55-1633)
Certificate acknowledging that an incarceree has completed registration at Tule Lake incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1635
Questions to and answers by Mr. Robertson regarding registration questionnaires (ddr-csujad-55-420)
doc Questions to and answers by Mr. Robertson regarding registration questionnaires (ddr-csujad-55-420)
List of questions from incarcerees and answers by Guy Robertson, Project Director at Heart Mountain incarceration camp, regarding registration (also known as the "loyalty questionnaire"). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0422
Sentinel supplement, series 34 (February 23, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1029)
doc Sentinel supplement, series 34 (February 23, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1029)
News bulletin for incarcerees covering announcements, events, programs, policies, recreational activities, and jobs at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. Current issue includes information about registration ("loyalty questionnaire"), electricity conservation, shoe repair, barber, beautician, and track worker jobs, a visit from Milwaukee relocation officer, and outside employment interviews. Includes section in Japanese. See this object in the California …
Memo from Ted Nakamura, Central Comm. Chairman, to all block managers, DSS form 165, February 13, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-188)
doc Memo from Ted Nakamura, Central Comm. Chairman, to all block managers, DSS form 165, February 13, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-188)
Memorandum of understanding from Ted Nakamura to Block Managers at Tule Lake regarding registration form WRA 304a (also known as the "loyalty questionnaire") and whether or not an individual is volunteering his services for the United States Army when filling out the form. Memo also includes a copy of the Application for Voluntary Induction, DSS Form …
Registration schedule (ddr-csujad-55-189)
doc Registration schedule (ddr-csujad-55-189)
Schedule for incarcerees to fill out the Statement of United States Citizen of Japanese Ancestry (form DSS 304a) and Application for Leave Clearance (form WRA 126) from February 18 through February 26, 1943. Schedule includes dates for males and females from each block in the Tule Lake camp. See this object in the California State Universities …
Sentinel supplement, series 36 (February 25, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1031)
doc Sentinel supplement, series 36 (February 25, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1031)
News bulletin for incarcerees covering announcements, events, programs, policies, recreational activities, and jobs at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. Current issue includes information about registration ("loyalty questionnaire") and block elections. Includes section in Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1033
Relocation program (ddr-csujad-55-1914)
doc Relocation program (ddr-csujad-55-1914)
Speech delivered by by Dillon S. Myer, Director of the Relocation Authority to the American Legion covering the history and activities of the War Relocation Authority, registration and "loyalty questionnaire," and attitudes towards Japanese Americans and the "relocation" program. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1917
Substitution for question 28 on WRA 126R (ddr-csujad-55-887)
doc Substitution for question 28 on WRA 126R (ddr-csujad-55-887)
Substitution for Question 28 on the Application for Leave Clearance, WRA Form 126 R (also known as the "loyalty questionnaire"). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0889
Notice from the War Relocation Authority to incarcerees, February 13, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-190)
doc Notice from the War Relocation Authority to incarcerees, February 13, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-190)
Notice from the War Relocation Authority to incarcerees regarding registration for service in the U.S. Army and procedures for forms DSS 304a and WRA 126. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0192
Sentinel supplement, series 32 (February 18, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1028)
doc Sentinel supplement, series 32 (February 18, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1028)
News bulletin for incarcerees covering announcements, events, programs, policies, recreational activities, and jobs at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. Current issue includes an announcement from Project Director, Guy Robertson, on registration ("loyalty questionnaire"), and information on clothing allowances, investigation committee, and postal services. Includes section in Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Letter from Masahiko Miyakoda (ddr-csujad-55-132)
doc Letter from Masahiko Miyakoda (ddr-csujad-55-132)
Statement by Masahiko Miyakoda describing his answer to the loyalty questionnaire. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0134
Sentinel supplement, series 38 (March 1, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1033)
doc Sentinel supplement, series 38 (March 1, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1033)
News bulletin for incarcerees covering announcements, events, programs, policies, recreational activities, and jobs at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. Current issue includes information on registration ("loyalty questionnaire"), temporary Community Council, tax returns, and shoe rations. Includes section in Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1035
Statement of United States citizen of Japanese ancestry, Form DSS 304A (ddr-csujad-55-184)
doc Statement of United States citizen of Japanese ancestry, Form DSS 304A (ddr-csujad-55-184)
Questionnaire distributed to male U.S. citizens of Japanese ancestry over the age of 17, commonly known as the, "loyalty questionnaire." Individuals were required to supply information regarding place of birth; date of birth; places of residence; height; weight; hair color; eye color; voter status (when and where he first registered); if married, his wife's ancestry; the …
Sentinel supplement, series 42 (March 9, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1037)
doc Sentinel supplement, series 42 (March 9, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1037)
News bulletin for incarcerees covering announcements, events, programs, policies, recreational activities, and jobs at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. Current issue includes information a response from Block Chairmen and Block Managers regarding registration ("loyalty questionnaire") and change in schedule for a social event. Includes section in Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Letter from N.R. Griswold and J.B. Hunter to Ray D. Johnston (ddr-densho-379-741)
doc Letter from N.R. Griswold and J.B. Hunter to Ray D. Johnston (ddr-densho-379-741)
A letter in support of Chimata Sumida staying at Rohwer and not being sent to Tule Lake. Mr. Griswold and Mr. Hunter detail the work Chimata Sumida has done with the night school and his positive impact on camp morale. Mr. Sumida also was a strong voice in favor of relocating and helped many people to …
Letter from Chimata Sumida to War Relocation Authority (ddr-densho-379-740)
doc Letter from Chimata Sumida to War Relocation Authority (ddr-densho-379-740)
Chimata Sumida asks to not be transferred from the Rohwer incarceration Camp to the Tule Lake Segregation Center under the guidelines indicated in Leeland Barrows letter to Edward J Ennis of the Alien Enemy Control Unity. Due to the loss of his original repatriation application, he was unable to retract that original application. Chimata Sumida details …
Letter from Ray D. Johnston to D.S. Myer (ddr-densho-379-742)
doc Letter from Ray D. Johnston to D.S. Myer (ddr-densho-379-742)
Ray D. Johnston, project director, writes to D.S. Myer to communicate that the whole adult population of Rohwer does not want Chimata Sumida to be transferred to Tule Lake. Sumida cancelled his repatriation request too late, but he is too valuable at Rohwer to allow him to be transferred.
Letter from Ray D. Johnston to D. S. Myer (ddr-densho-379-739)
doc Letter from Ray D. Johnston to D. S. Myer (ddr-densho-379-739)
Ray D. Johnston requests that Chimata Sumida not be transferred from the Rohwer incarceration Camp to the Tule Lake Segregation Center. Both camp officials and other incarcerees highlight Chimata Sumida's positive effect on the community of Rohwer and request his transfer to Tule Lake be cancelled.
Letter from Leland Barrows to Edward Ennis (ddr-densho-379-738)
doc Letter from Leland Barrows to Edward Ennis (ddr-densho-379-738)
Leland Barrows writes to Edward Ennis concerning what is to happen to Japanese Americans who either requested repatriation or answered no to the loyalty questionnaire. All people both citizen and alien will be taken to the segregated area of Tule Lake. Their immediate families could either accompany them to Tule Lake or staying in one of …
Teletype message from Elmer M. Rowalt to Ray D. Johnston (ddr-densho-379-744)
doc Teletype message from Elmer M. Rowalt to Ray D. Johnston (ddr-densho-379-744)
Elmer Rowalt sends a teletype message replying to Ray D. Johnston's letter. He states that Chimata Sumida will not be transferred to Tule Lake.
Message from E.M. Rowalt to R. D. Johnston (ddr-densho-379-745)
doc Message from E.M. Rowalt to R. D. Johnston (ddr-densho-379-745)
Rowalt replies to Johnston's letter from September 10th and grants his request that Chimata Sumida not be transferred to Tule Lake.
Letter from Rohwer incarcerees to War Relocation Authority (ddr-densho-379-743)
doc Letter from Rohwer incarcerees to War Relocation Authority (ddr-densho-379-743)
Ten members of the Rohwer community write to the War Relocation Authority to ask that Chimata Sumida not be transferred to Tule Lake. They praise his work at Rohwer as an Events speaker as well as his position on the Resettlement Board.
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