Religion

Japanese Americans used religion as one way to handle the stress of the incarceration experience. Church served as both a spiritual comfort and a place for community gatherings. On Sundays, Buddhist and Christian services and Sunday schools were held in the recreation halls. State Shintoism was another popular religion within the Japanese American community but was banned by the U.S. government on the grounds that it included "Emperor worship." Church services initially were given in both Japanese and English, but camp authorities later banned the use of Japanese at all group gatherings (although translation into Japanese was later permitted at some religious services).

World War II (218)
Concentration camps (1354)
Religion (250)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Paul M. Nagano

Facilities
Format
Genre
Usage

Use <Ctrl> or (⌘) keys to select multiple terms

250 items
George Nakata Interview Segment 25 (ddr-one-7-29-25)
vh George Nakata Interview Segment 25 (ddr-one-7-29-25)
Establishment of churches in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Tsuguo
vh Tsuguo "Ike" Ikeda Interview I Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-123-17)
Participating in camp activities, high school, church, dances

As a teenager prior to World War II, began keeping scrapbooks with newspaper articles and memorabilia, a lifetime habit.

Kay Matsuoka Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-48-33)
vh Kay Matsuoka Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-48-33)
Christian missionaries' weekly visits to camp lead to conversion
Paul Nagano Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-65-8)
vh Paul Nagano Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-65-8)
Christian faith and social justice: dealing with so-called "loyalty questionnaire," and military service
Paul Nagano Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-65-10)
vh Paul Nagano Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-65-10)
Efforts of Caucasian Christian churches to support Japanese Americans in concentration camps
Paul Nagano Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-65-7)
vh Paul Nagano Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-65-7)
Different denominations meld together as one ecumenical church in Poston concentration camp
Elliot Yoshinobu Horikoshi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-503-4)
vh Elliot Yoshinobu Horikoshi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-503-4)
A few childhood memories of camp, father's work setting up Christian churches
Cross erected by camp inmates (ddr-densho-11-7)
img Cross erected by camp inmates (ddr-densho-11-7)
This cross, erected by inmates at the Tule Lake concentration camp, sits on top of a formation called Castle Rock. It is being approached by pilgrimage attendees.
Memorial plaque (ddr-densho-11-11)
img Memorial plaque (ddr-densho-11-11)
This plaque was placed at the base of the cross on Castle Rock on October 2, 1982. The plaque honors Christian ministers who served the inmates at the Tule Lake concentration camp.
Buddhist funeral (ddr-densho-39-19)
img Buddhist funeral (ddr-densho-39-19)
The elaborate floral wreaths and arrangements for this Buddhist funeral service were probably fashioned from paper by the camp inmates, since they did not have easy access to fresh flowers.
Sunday School class (ddr-densho-106-9)
img Sunday School class (ddr-densho-106-9)
Betty Morita Shibayama is in the back row, sixth from the right.
Japanese American in front of Christian church sign (ddr-densho-93-53)
img Japanese American in front of Christian church sign (ddr-densho-93-53)
Original Ansel Adams caption: Tatsuo Miyake (student of divinity) / photograph by Ansel Adams.
Camp Buddhist church (ddr-densho-93-44)
img Camp Buddhist church (ddr-densho-93-44)
Original Ansel Adams caption: People leaving Buddhist church, winter II, Manzanar Relocation Center, California / photograph by Ansel Adams.
Camp chapel (ddr-densho-93-42)
img Camp chapel (ddr-densho-93-42)
Original Ansel Adams caption: Entrance, Catholic chapel (V), Manzanar Relocation Center, California / photograph by Ansel Adams.
Buddhist church service (ddr-densho-93-45)
img Buddhist church service (ddr-densho-93-45)
Original Ansel Adams caption: Buddhist service, Manzanar Relocation Center, California / photograph by Ansel Adams.
Sunday school class (ddr-densho-93-43)
img Sunday school class (ddr-densho-93-43)
Original Ansel Adams caption: Sunday school class, Manzanar Relocation Center, California / photograph by Ansel Adams.
Buddhist Temple (ddr-densho-357-776)
img Buddhist Temple (ddr-densho-357-776)
After their collective forced relocation, members of the Oakland Buddhist Church started a new Buddhist church community in the Topaz concentration camp.
API