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Religion

Japanese Americans used religion as one way to handle the stress of the incarceration experience. Church served as both a spiritual comfort and a place for community gatherings. On Sundays, Buddhist and Christian services and Sunday schools were held in the recreation halls. State Shintoism was another popular religion within the Japanese American community but was banned by the U.S. government on the grounds that it included "Emperor worship." Church services initially were given in both Japanese and English, but camp authorities later banned the use of Japanese at all group gatherings (although translation into Japanese was later permitted at some religious services).

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1219)
Religion (245)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Paul M. Nagano


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245 items
Tsuguo
vh Tsuguo "Ike" Ikeda Interview I Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-123-17)
Participating in camp activities, high school, church, dances

As a teenager prior to World War II, began keeping scrapbooks with newspaper articles and memorabilia, a lifetime habit.

George Nakata Interview Segment 25 (ddr-one-7-29-25)
vh George Nakata Interview Segment 25 (ddr-one-7-29-25)
Establishment of churches in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Kay Matsuoka Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-48-33)
vh Kay Matsuoka Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-48-33)
Christian missionaries' weekly visits to camp lead to conversion
Paul Nagano Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-65-8)
vh Paul Nagano Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-65-8)
Christian faith and social justice: dealing with so-called "loyalty questionnaire," and military service
Paul Nagano Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-65-10)
vh Paul Nagano Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-65-10)
Efforts of Caucasian Christian churches to support Japanese Americans in concentration camps
Paul Nagano Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-65-7)
vh Paul Nagano Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-65-7)
Different denominations meld together as one ecumenical church in Poston concentration camp
Buddhist Temple (ddr-densho-357-776)
img Buddhist Temple (ddr-densho-357-776)
After their collective forced relocation, members of the Oakland Buddhist Church started a new Buddhist church community in the Topaz concentration camp.
Poston II Buddhist church leaders and Sunday school teachers (ddr-csujad-55-1865)
doc Poston II Buddhist church leaders and Sunday school teachers (ddr-csujad-55-1865)
Essay on Poston II Buddhist Church, a list of couples married at the church, a poem, and a black and white photograph. From the Poston II Reunion Program. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1868
Beginning of the Japanese speaking church of Poston II (ddr-csujad-55-1871)
doc Beginning of the Japanese speaking church of Poston II (ddr-csujad-55-1871)
Essay on the founding of the Japanese-speaking Christian Church at Poston incarceration camp. Includes a black and white photograph of an individual writing calligraphy. From the Poston II Reunion Program. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1874
Announcements to the members of the Church of the Atonement, August 31, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-942)
doc Announcements to the members of the Church of the Atonement, August 31, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-942)
Announcement to members of the Church of the Atonement regarding Reverend Winfred Ziegler's visit to Heart Mountain incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0944
Buddhist digest: Heart Mountain Buddhist Church weekly journal, vol. 1, no. 4 (July 7, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1074)
doc Buddhist digest: Heart Mountain Buddhist Church weekly journal, vol. 1, no. 4 (July 7, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1074)
Weekly bulletin from the Heart Mountain Buddhist Church. Covers the O'Bon (also called Obon or Bon) festival, the significance of O'Bon, and program schedule; Sunday School teachers association, and facts about the Buddhist Church. Includes five pages in Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1076
Baccalaureate wervice, Senior Class of '44 (ddr-csujad-55-1841)
doc Baccalaureate wervice, Senior Class of '44 (ddr-csujad-55-1841)
Program for the Baccalaureate Service of the senior class of 1944 at Poston incarceration camp. Includes order of events and lyrics to the songs, "Higher Ground" and "Give Your Best to the Master." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1844
Divine service (ddr-csujad-55-77)
doc Divine service (ddr-csujad-55-77)
Program for worship service for the 442nd Combat Team at Camp Shelby. Services were held during a visit from incarcerees from the Rohwer and Jerome incarceration camps. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00081
Buddhist digest: Heart Mountain Buddhist Church weekly journal, vol. 1, no. 5 (July 24 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1080)
doc Buddhist digest: Heart Mountain Buddhist Church weekly journal, vol. 1, no. 5 (July 24 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1080)
Weekly bulletin from the Heart Mountain Buddhist Church. Covers the Buddhist library books available, spiritual reflection by Rev. Cubase, and other church announcements. Includes Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1082
Photograph of a drawing and a prayer card from an Italian internee, Ft. Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1341)
doc Photograph of a drawing and a prayer card from an Italian internee, Ft. Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1341)
Mounted black and white photograph of a drawing of "Santa Maria Fort Missoula" and mounted Italian Catholic prayer card depicting Jesus. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947" page 12. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1343
Religion in Poston (ddr-csujad-55-1720)
doc Religion in Poston (ddr-csujad-55-1720)
Report by James Sera, Senior Research Worker, on religious groups at Poston incarceration camp. Covers the Catholic Church, Y.W.C.A, and Buddhist churches. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1722
Report on Jerome to Tule Lake transfer George Kuratomi (ddr-csujad-2-46)
doc Report on Jerome to Tule Lake transfer George Kuratomi (ddr-csujad-2-46)
Detailed informational report about George Kuratomi, an incarceree transfer to Tule Lake Camp from Jerome Camp due to questions about his loyalty to the United States and his activities within the Buddhist repatriate group at Jerome Camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0046
Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to the Advisory Council, March 18, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-100)
doc Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to the Advisory Council, March 18, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-100)
Memo regarding employment of priests as social workers and educational lecturers. Recommends employing nine Buddhist priests, stating that they will have greater influence over the students and parents ("colonists"), the majority of whom are Buddhist, than the Japanese Language School teachers would. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0101
Obon, Rohwer, Arkansas (ddr-csujad-5-339)
img Obon, Rohwer, Arkansas (ddr-csujad-5-339)
Photographed are Akiko An and Kiku Tanimoto, Ayame May Okine, and Dorothy Ai Okine. It is taken during the obon event in the Rohwer incarceration camp. The handwritten notes on the backside read: Obon, Rohwer, Arkansas. A photograph from "Dorothy Ai Aoki photo album" (csudh_oki_0300), page 11. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Tei Bukkyokai [=Given by Bukkyokai] (ddr-csujad-5-230)
Tei Bukkyokai [=Given by Bukkyokai] (ddr-csujad-5-230)
A photograph of Bukkyokai members possibly taken at the Rhower incarceration camp, Arkansas. This photograph is given by the Bukkyokai to Seiichi Okine. The date, "August 15, 1944," is recorded on the backside. This item is enclosed in an envelope, which is found in item: csudh_oki_0223. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Toshiye Hirose interview (ddr-csujad-6-7)
doc Toshiye Hirose interview (ddr-csujad-6-7)
Oral history interview with Toshiye Hirose. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_HIROSE_TOSHIYE
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