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Temporary Assembly Centers

In spring 1942, the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) hastily prepared temporary "assembly centers" to house the individuals of Japanese ancestry who were removed from their homes after the signing of Executive Order 9066. The centers were surrounded by barbed-wire fences and patrolled by armed military police. People were housed in animal stalls and barracks with communal bathrooms and mess halls. After spending up to six months in the "assembly centers," Japanese Americans were moved inland to permanent concentration camps.

World War II (215)
Temporary Assembly Centers (175)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Assembly centers, Fresno (detention facility), Marysville (detention facility), Mayer (detention facility), Merced (detention facility), Owens Valley (detention facility), Parker Dam (detention facility), Pinedale (detention facility), Pomona (detention facility), Portland (detention facility), Puyallup (detention facility), Sacramento (detention facility), Salinas (detention facility), Santa Anita (detention facility), Sites of incarceration, Stockton (detention facility), Tanforan (detention facility), Tulare (detention facility), Turlock (detention facility)


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175 items
Program for the Seabiscuit Redecication event (September 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-18)
doc Program for the Seabiscuit Redecication event (September 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-18)
Program for the Seabiscuit Redecication event held at the Tanforan Race Track in San Bruno, California (September 23, 1991).
Information sheet about the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center (ddr-janm-4-22)
doc Information sheet about the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center (ddr-janm-4-22)
Information sheet about the history of the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center.
Newspaper clipping
doc Newspaper clipping "Tanforan Assembly Center Plaque Dedication" (ddr-janm-4-43)
Newspaper clipping titled "Tanforan Assembly Center Plaque Dedication". The article was written by J.K. Yamamoto on September 25, 1991 for the Hokubei Mainichi newspaper.
doc "Seabiscuit Rededication" speech by Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima (September 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-17)
Speech entitled "Seabiscuit Rededication" by Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima (September 23, 1991). Speech was given at the Tanforan Racetrack in San Bruno, California.
Invitation to Tsuyako
doc Invitation to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima to a Tanforan Detention Center pilgrimage (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-21)
Invitation to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from the Tanforan Committee to go on a pilgrimage to the Tanforan Detention Center for a Day of Remembrance on February 19, 1979.
Program for the Tanforan Detention Center Day of Remembrance event (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-20)
doc Program for the Tanforan Detention Center Day of Remembrance event (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-20)
Program for the Tanforan Detention Center Day of Remembrance event being held at the Tanforan Park Shopping Center (February 19, 1979).
Newspaper clipping
doc Newspaper clipping "Tanforan, 1942" (ddr-janm-4-42)
Newspaper clipping titled "Tanforan, 1942". The article was written by Soji Kashiwagi on December 17, 1984.
Program for the Tanforan Committee Day of Rememberance event (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-15)
doc Program for the Tanforan Committee Day of Rememberance event (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-15)
Program for the Tanforan Committee Day of Rememberance event being held at the Tanforan Park Shopping Center (February 19, 1979).
Letter from Kikuye Masuda to Mrs. Charles Gates (ddr-densho-211-4)
doc Letter from Kikuye Masuda to Mrs. Charles Gates (ddr-densho-211-4)
Letter from Kikuye Masuda to Mrs. Charles Gates about relocation to Southeastern Idaho.
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-168)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-168)
"Saints Win Second Straight Cage Crown" (p. 1), "Beauty of Yakima Valley Charms Wapato Returnees" (p. 3), "Evacuees Like Three Key Cities of Northwest" (p. 3)
Page of Hisa Nimura Horiuchi Scrapbook (ddr-densho-325-7)
doc Page of Hisa Nimura Horiuchi Scrapbook (ddr-densho-325-7)
Poems from Hisa's friends. Ms. Whilhite writes that the Nimura family and their neighbors were sent to Arboga, California, most likely they were sent to the Marysville Temporary Assembly Center which was located near Arboga. After spending just over a month in the assembly center Hisa and her family were sent to Tule Lake Concentration Camp.
Letter from George Kida to mother Miyuki
doc Letter from George Kida to mother Miyuki "Kay" Kida (ddr-one-3-25)
Letter and envelope to Miyuki "Kay" Kida from George Kida. Describes work opportunities, conditions in the camp and surrounding area. Kenjiro is picking up potatoes and George is pitching bundles. Mentions someone named Satoshi (who he mentioned having bought a checker board with in a previous letter) who he is becoming friends with. Mentions having received …
Letter from Sarah
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Kida family (ddr-one-3-17)
Letter from "Grandma" (Sarah "Sade" Pyatt) addressed to "folks" (meaning the Kida family) on June 16, 1942. Mrs. Pyatt asks after the family's well being after they had been vaccinated. Also tells of visits from several friends, including George Clark, Mr. Johnson, and Mrs. Crogman, who expressed her appreciation of having the Kidas' car to use. …
Letter from Sarah
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Miyuki "Kay" Kida (ddr-one-3-22)
Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Miyuki "Kay" Kida, dated July 6, 1942. Mrs. Pyatt writes that she wishes she could be there with Kay as she is alone at the Portland Assembly Center since her husband Kenjiro and son George have left for temporary work leave in Eastern Oregon. Sarah "Sade" Pyatt tells Kay about …
Letter from Sarah
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Kida family (ddr-one-3-18)
Envelope from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt addressed to George Kida. Letter is from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt addressed to "folks" (meaning the Kida family) on June 23, 1942. Tells the Kida family that friend and neighbor James Albert "Al" Johnson tried to visit them but was not allowed in. Mrs. Pyatt asks Kay if she needs any more …
Letter from Sarah
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Kida family (ddr-one-3-19)
Letter from "Grandma" (Sarah "Sade" Pyatt) addressed to "folks" (meaning the Kida family), dated June 30, 1942. Mrs. Pyatt offers to send some of her pension check of $40 to the Kida's. Asks if the Kidas need more bedding. She also asks how the situation (the war/internment) looks to the Kidas and tries to offer them …
Envelope from George Kida to his mother Miyuki
doc Envelope from George Kida to his mother Miyuki "Kay" Kida (ddr-one-3-132)
Envelope is addressed to Miyuki "Kay" Kida in the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked August 3, 1942 from Nyssa, Oregon. Presumably from George Kida.
Letter from Sarah
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Kida family (ddr-one-3-20)
Letter from "Grandma" (Sarah "Sade" Pyatt) addressed to "folks" (meaning the Kida family), dated June 30, 1942. Notes that the Kidas had written Ethel saying they were going to Eastern Oregon the next week. Also notes that the Krogmens visited the Kidas (likely in Portland). Asks if Al has visited.
Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-27)
One cent postcard addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, at the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked Sep 1, 1942, with a 6 cent airmail stamp. On the left side of the postcard are two purple stamps; one is an air mail stamp and the second is a "Censored" stamp. On …
Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-13)
Postcard addressed to Dr. Keizabruo Koyama at Fort Sill from his wife, Teru Koyama, at the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked May 15, 1942. Dated May 14, 1942. On the back Teru writes Kei asking if he needs more clothes, and that she had stored their belongs with Eva "Aunt Eva" Goodenough. She describes the food at …
Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Eva Koyama (ddr-one-5-11)
Front of one cent postcard is addressed to Dr. K. Koyama at Fort Sill from his daughter Eva Koyama at the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked May 11, 1942. On the back of the postcard Eva writes about the family and first few days at the Portland Assembly Center. Dated May 7, 1942.
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Andrew "Uncle Chape" Goodenough and Eva "Aunt Eva" Goodenough (ddr-one-5-25)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Kei Koyama in Camp Livingston from Andrew "Uncle Chape" Goodenough and Eva "Aunt Eva" Goodenough in Portland. Postmarked Aug 31, 1942. On the left side of the envelope is a purple "Censored" stamp. Inside the envelope was a newspaper clipping about Boy Scout Troop at the Portland Assembly Center. William Koyama's name …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 18 (May 13, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 18 (May 13, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-18)
Selected article titles: "Plan Mark for Camp Walerga" (p.1), "More Specific Asian Breakdown in 1980 Census Requested" (p.1), "Needs of Asian Elderly Told to Federal Committee" (p.1, 3), "WCCA Preceded the WRA Camps" (p.2), "School Integration" (p.4), "Carnage in Cambodia" *p.5).
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