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Temporary Assembly Centers

In spring 1942, the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) hastily prepared temporary "assembly centers" to house the individuals of Japanese ancestry who were removed from their homes after the signing of Executive Order 9066. The centers were surrounded by barbed-wire fences and patrolled by armed military police. People were housed in animal stalls and barracks with communal bathrooms and mess halls. After spending up to six months in the "assembly centers," Japanese Americans were moved inland to permanent concentration camps.

World War II (215)
Temporary Assembly Centers (175)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Assembly centers, Fresno (detention facility), Marysville (detention facility), Mayer (detention facility), Merced (detention facility), Owens Valley (detention facility), Parker Dam (detention facility), Pinedale (detention facility), Pomona (detention facility), Portland (detention facility), Puyallup (detention facility), Sacramento (detention facility), Salinas (detention facility), Santa Anita (detention facility), Sites of incarceration, Stockton (detention facility), Tanforan (detention facility), Tulare (detention facility), Turlock (detention facility)


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175 items
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 25 (July 11, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1257)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 25 (July 11, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1257)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, diphtheria injections, Japanese books, graduates, coupon books, musical groups, boy scouts, social security, an editorial on nisei students, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 1 (April 21, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1233)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 1 (April 21, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1233)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, laundry, visitor passes, Assembly Center food, facilities, Sunday School, registration, and the draft. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1235
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 18 (June 16, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1250)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 18 (June 16, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1250)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, graduation, flag day, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1252
Notice from E.P. Pullman, Center Manager, Fresno Assembly Center to All Evacuee Residents of the Fresno Assembly Center, August 3, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-122)
doc Notice from E.P. Pullman, Center Manager, Fresno Assembly Center to All Evacuee Residents of the Fresno Assembly Center, August 3, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-122)
Rules and regulations for detainees at the Fresno Assembly Center. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0124
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 33 (August 12, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1265)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 33 (August 12, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1265)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, H. Russell Amory, the police chief, paychecks, mailmen, clothing and the features "Win, Place, and Show", "Post Time", "Story of the Week", and "Feminine Forum." See this object in the California State …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 30 (July 29, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1262)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 30 (July 29, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1262)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, laundry services, shoe repair, mess halls, interfaith dialogue, Keith Oka, an editorial, and the features "Win, Place, and Show" and "Feminine Forum." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 26 (July 15, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1258)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 26 (July 15, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1258)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, soft drink shortages, paychecks, transfer between assembly centers, voting, a mother's club, and the features, "Feminine Forum" and "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Letter from S. [Koni] to Hon [F de Amat], November 13,1943 (ddr-csujad-2-4)
doc Letter from S. [Koni] to Hon [F de Amat], November 13,1943 (ddr-csujad-2-4)
Letter from Shunichi K. to [F. de Amat] requesting status on his application to be repatriated to Japan with his wife. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0004
Historical photographs and documents, from internment camps to Military Intelligence Service Language School [order form] (ddr-csujad-1-190)
doc Historical photographs and documents, from internment camps to Military Intelligence Service Language School [order form] (ddr-csujad-1-190)
A book order form. Books published by TecCom Productions include: Manzanar, Tule Lake, Rohwer, Heart Mountain, Assembly Center I (Santa Anita, Pomona, Fresno, Tulare, Pinedale, Salinas), Assembly Center II (Turlock, Tanforan, Stockton, Sacramento, Marysville, Portland, Puyallup). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ike_03_01_004
James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
doc James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
Oral history interview with James Kirihara. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KIRIHARA_JAMES
Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
doc Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
Oral history interview with Sadawo Yonaki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_YONAKI_SADAWO
Robert Ohki interview (ddr-csujad-6-27)
doc Robert Ohki interview (ddr-csujad-6-27)
Oral history interview with Robert Ohki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_OHKI_ROBERT
Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
doc Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
Oral history interview with Fude Tanioka. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIOKA_FUDE
Frances Tashima interview (ddr-csujad-6-34)
doc Frances Tashima interview (ddr-csujad-6-34)
Oral history interview with Frances Tashima. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TASHIMA_FRANCES
Izumi Taniguchi interview (ddr-csujad-6-31)
doc Izumi Taniguchi interview (ddr-csujad-6-31)
Oral history interview with Izumi Taniguchi. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIGUCHI_IZUMI
Constitution and by-laws, self government assembly of the Santa Anita Assembly Center (ddr-csujad-16-2)
doc Constitution and by-laws, self government assembly of the Santa Anita Assembly Center (ddr-csujad-16-2)
According to its preamble, this "Constitution for the Santa Anita Assembly Center" was established by its residents "in order to uphold and defend the Constitution of the United States, to foster and spread the true spirit of Americanism, to build the character of our people morally and spiritually on American ideals, and to promote the welfare …
From the Immigrant and Negro Press-AMERICA'S YOUNGEST NEWSPAPER (ddr-csujad-19-52)
doc From the Immigrant and Negro Press-AMERICA'S YOUNGEST NEWSPAPER (ddr-csujad-19-52)
This is an article form the magazine "Common Ground," summer 1942, which discusses in detail about a lively mimeographed news paper called the "Manzanar Free Press" from the Manzanar incarceration camp which was one of the first camps in California for the people of the Japanese ancestry forced to evacuate. See this object in the California …
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, May 20, 1942 (ddr-csujad-42-44)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, May 20, 1942 (ddr-csujad-42-44)
A letter from Tsuruno Meguro in the Pomona Assembly Center to her son-in-law and daughter, Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano in the Santa Anita Assembly Center. In the letter, Tsuruno expresses her disappointment about the result that Fumio and Yoneko were sent to the Santa Anita Assembly Center. She was hoping to reunite at the Pomona …
Letter to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration (ddr-csujad-42-143)
doc Letter to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration (ddr-csujad-42-143)
A draft of a letter addressing National Archives and Records Service to request verification of the dates of incarceration and release. It appears to be a letter template in which a requester can fill out her/his information. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_001
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient (ddr-csujad-42-153)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient (ddr-csujad-42-153)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing a recipient, who is presumably Yoneko or Mariko Takano. It notifies that their review of the documents has been completed and determined that the requester is eligible for a redress payment …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 27 (July 18, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1259)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 27 (July 18, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1259)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, a new mess system, jobs, bank hours, hygiene clinic, diphtheria shots, an editorial on "defeatism," and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 13 (June 2, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1245)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 13 (June 2, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1245)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, center population, jobs, a wedding, farmers, camp statistics, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1247
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 35 (August 19, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1267)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 35 (August 19, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1267)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, clothing catalog, hospital, an editorial on California, and the features "Feminine Forum" and "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1269
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 22 (July 1, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1254)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 22 (July 1, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1254)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, selective service, a talent show, birth of twins, additional facilities, boy scouts, religious services, sports, recreational activities, schedule of events, an editorial on graduation, and the features "Feminine Forum" and "Win, Place, …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 10 (May 22, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1242)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 10 (May 22, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1242)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, food, center residents, clubs, classes, bedding, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1244
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