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Temporary Assembly Centers

In spring 1942, the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) hastily prepared temporary "assembly centers" to house the individuals of Japanese ancestry who were removed from their homes after the signing of Executive Order 9066. The centers were surrounded by barbed-wire fences and patrolled by armed military police. People were housed in animal stalls and barracks with communal bathrooms and mess halls. After spending up to six months in the "assembly centers," Japanese Americans were moved inland to permanent concentration camps.

World War II (215)
Temporary Assembly Centers (175)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Assembly centers, Fresno (detention facility), Marysville (detention facility), Mayer (detention facility), Merced (detention facility), Owens Valley (detention facility), Parker Dam (detention facility), Pinedale (detention facility), Pomona (detention facility), Portland (detention facility), Puyallup (detention facility), Sacramento (detention facility), Salinas (detention facility), Santa Anita (detention facility), Sites of incarceration, Stockton (detention facility), Tanforan (detention facility), Tulare (detention facility), Turlock (detention facility)


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175 items
Release (Pomona, California), no. 1 (1942): instructions and regulation (ddr-csujad-55-861)
doc Release (Pomona, California), no. 1 (1942): instructions and regulation (ddr-csujad-55-861)
Instructions and regulations for the Pomona Temporary Assembly Center. Covers regulations for housing, mess, health, and work assignments. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0863
Letter from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Margaret Waegell, June 30, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-60)
doc Letter from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Margaret Waegell, June 30, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-60)
Handwritten correspondence from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Waegell. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00064
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 3 (April 28, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1235)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 3 (April 28, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1235)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, postal services, registration, and camp facilities. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1237
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 2 (April 24, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1234)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 2 (April 24, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1234)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, draft registration, job assignments, sports, typhoid inoculation, change of address, classes, and clubs. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1236
Evacuee information release, no. 18 (1942): families of mixed marriages (ddr-csujad-55-863)
doc Evacuee information release, no. 18 (1942): families of mixed marriages (ddr-csujad-55-863)
Instructions for families of mixed marriages regarding application for release by Clayton E. Triggs, Manager, Pomona Assembly Center. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0865
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 42 (September 12, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1272)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 42 (September 12, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1272)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services sports, departure for Rohwer incarceration camp, WRA aid, Grandstand closure, autograph books, and the features "Win, Place, and Show", "Story of the Week", "Post Time", and ""Feminine Forum." See this object in the …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 44 (September 19, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1273)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 44 (September 19, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1273)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, departure for the Granada and Rohwer incarceration camps, baggage checks and inspection, and the features "Win, Place, and Show", "Story of the Week", "Post Time", and ""Feminine Forum." See this object in …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 11 (May 26, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1243)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 11 (May 26, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1243)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, elections, voter registration, coupons, blackout, library, obituary, camp facilities, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1245
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 24 (July 8, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1256)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 24 (July 8, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1256)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, a ban on Japanese literature, food rules, an editorial on the art of Isamu Noguchi, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 15 (June 6, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1247)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 15 (June 6, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1247)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, elections, immunizations, handicrafts, election runners-up, camp news, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1249
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 14 (June 3, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1246)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 14 (June 3, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1246)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, elections, nominees, an editorial on democracy, and the feature ""Win, Place, and Show."" See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1248
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 6 (May 8, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1238)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 6 (May 8, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1238)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, mother's day, population at the center, milk station, and bedding equipment, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1240
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 49 (October 5, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1274)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 49 (October 5, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1274)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, departure for Rohwer incarceration camp, "Relocation Vignettes," the Santa Anita Supply and Warehouse and Finance divisions, and the features "Feminine Forum" and "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 32 (August 8, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1264)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 32 (August 8, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1264)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, absentee ballots, shoe repair, farming, work regulations, infectious diseases, Ichijiro Yoshida, an editorial on rumors, and the features "Win, Place, and Show", "Post Time", and "Feminine Forum." See this object in the …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 5 (May 5, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1237)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 5 (May 5, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1237)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, boy scouts, a surgical procedure, population at the center, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1239
Mon Tsuchida and granddaughter Leonora during a pilgrimage to the site of Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-csujad-52-47)
img Mon Tsuchida and granddaughter Leonora during a pilgrimage to the site of Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-csujad-52-47)
Caption next to image reads, "DAY OF REMEMBRANCE--Mon Tsuchida, 84, and granddaughter Leonora, 10, both from San Bruno, Calif. listen to speakers during a pilgrimage at the site of the old Tanforan racetrack in San Bruno where 8,033 Japanese-Americans were incarcerated during WWII. Monday marked the 37th anniversary of the Executive Order 9066 which incarcerated over …
Hana Tada leading a group of Japanese Americans in singing
img Hana Tada leading a group of Japanese Americans in singing "God Bless America" at a service in 1984 (ddr-csujad-52-36)
Caption above image reads, "GOD BLESS AMERICA--Hana Tada, 93, (center) leads group of Japanese-Americans in singing 'God Bless America' at a service here 2/19 commemorating the internment of them & 3,600 other Japanese-Americans in camps here during WWII. Tada & her group do not speak English, saying they were too busy making livings as farmers to …
Some of the first arrivals to the assembly center at Tanforan Race Track, near San Francisco in 1942 (ddr-csujad-52-4)
img Some of the first arrivals to the assembly center at Tanforan Race Track, near San Francisco in 1942 (ddr-csujad-52-4)
A LaserPhoto copy of an Associated Press image, taken in 1942, shared in 1981. Caption on photo reads "These were among the first Japanese to be moved into the newly built assembly center at Tranforan Race Track, near San Francisco in 1942. The people here were watching a horse race at the track." A message from …
Saturday news (Fresno, California) (May 16, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-46)
doc Saturday news (Fresno, California) (May 16, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-46)
News bulletin from the Fresno Assembly Center. Topics include sanitation, baby formula, milk prescription, repairs, press room, mail order, alien change of address, selective service, church notes, typhoid inoculation, and lost and found. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00050
Maps of incarceration camps in the western United States (ddr-csujad-55-98)
img Maps of incarceration camps in the western United States (ddr-csujad-55-98)
Series of maps including incarceration camps in the western United States, temporary assembly centers in California, Manzanar camp in California, Gila River camp in Arizona, Topaz camp in Utah, Heart Mountain camp in Wyoming, Poston camp in Arizona, Amache camp in Colorado, Tule Lake camp in California, Rohwer camp in Arkansas, Minidoka camp in Idaho, and …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 16 (June 9, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1248)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 16 (June 9, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1248)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, camouflage nets, handicrafts, and the feature ""Win, Place, and Show."" See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1250
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 4 (May 1, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1236)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 4 (May 1, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1236)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, a birth at the center, sanitation, postal services, personal property, fire prevention, classes, and other center services. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1238
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 17, 1942 (June 12, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1275)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 17, 1942 (June 12, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1275)
Alternate front page for the biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Cover page includes information on paychecks, sectional representatives meeting, camouflage net production, school credits, and a dance band. See also "jaac_sac_1251" See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1277
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 23 (July 4, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1255)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 23 (July 4, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1255)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, student relocation, coupon books, diphtheria shots, funeral services, an editorial on democracy, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Pacemakers exit, vol. [?], no. [?] (October 8, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1277)
doc Pacemakers exit, vol. [?], no. [?] (October 8, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1277)
Final publication of the biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Includes editorials about the "Pacemaker" staff and news about departure from Santa Anita Temporary Assembly Center to various incarceration camps. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1279
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