Temporary Assembly Centers

In spring 1942, the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) hastily prepared temporary "assembly centers" to house the individuals of Japanese ancestry who were removed from their homes after the signing of Executive Order 9066. The centers were surrounded by barbed-wire fences and patrolled by armed military police. People were housed in animal stalls and barracks with communal bathrooms and mess halls. After spending up to six months in the "assembly centers," Japanese Americans were moved inland to permanent concentration camps.

World War II (215)
Temporary Assembly Centers (175)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Assembly centers, Fresno (detention facility), Marysville (detention facility), Mayer (detention facility), Merced (detention facility), Owens Valley (detention facility), Parker Dam (detention facility), Pinedale (detention facility), Pomona (detention facility), Portland (detention facility), Puyallup (detention facility), Sacramento (detention facility), Salinas (detention facility), Santa Anita (detention facility), Sites of incarceration, Stockton (detention facility), Tanforan (detention facility), Tulare (detention facility), Turlock (detention facility)

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175 items
An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart …
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, May 25, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-150)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, May 25, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-150)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing an identified person who was forced to evacuate and incarcerated during the war and is potentially eligible for the compensation. It informs of the the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 and …
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, before August 14, 1942 (ddr-csujad-42-59)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, before August 14, 1942 (ddr-csujad-42-59)
A letter from Tsuruno Meguro in the Pomona Assembly Center to her son-in-law and daughter, Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano in the Santa Anita Assembly Center. She informs them that their destination has been decided and the people in the Pomona Assembly Center will be sent to an incarceration camp in Wyoming. She assumes that her …
Letter from Wayne Tracy, Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano, June 22, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-146)
doc Letter from Wayne Tracy, Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano, June 22, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-146)
A letter issued by Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano in response to her request for verification of her incarceration and release dates during the war. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_004
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, before August 14, 1942, typescript (ddr-csujad-42-61)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, before August 14, 1942, typescript (ddr-csujad-42-61)
Japanese typescript of the letter: csudh_tak_0059. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_31_001_jpn
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-147)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-147)
A letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice to the correspondent, presumably Yoneko Takano, who requests the information on restitution payments. Also includes a letter issued by National Archives and Records Administration to verify the detention of Fumio Fred Takano in the incarceration camp during the war. The …
Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-151)
doc Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-151)
Attachment pages 1-3, "Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration," completed by Yoneko Takano. The documents were presumably attached to the letter sent from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, which is found in item: csudh_tak_0150. See this …
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, May 20, 1942, English translation (ddr-csujad-42-45)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, May 20, 1942, English translation (ddr-csujad-42-45)
English translation of the letter: csudh_tak_0044. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_26_001_eng
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-142)
doc Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-142)
A copy of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form to locate persons of Japanese ancestry who were forced to evacuate and were incarcerated during the war. The form is completed by Fumio Fred Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_76_002
Letter from the White House (ddr-csujad-42-155)
doc Letter from the White House (ddr-csujad-42-155)
An official apology letter signed by President George H. W. Bush which accompanied the redress payment check. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_013
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to the spouse of a deceased eligible individual, April 7, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-148)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to the spouse of a deceased eligible individual, April 7, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-148)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing the spouse of a deceased Japanese American who was forced to evacuate and incarcerated during the war. It informs of the the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 and instructs to submit …
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, November 6, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-152)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, November 6, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-152)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing a recipient, who is presumably Yoneko or Mariko Takano. It notifies that the recipient's eligibility for a redress payment has been finalized and a check will be sent to the recipient …
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-154)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-154)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing a recipient who is a spouse of a deceased eligible for the redress payment. The recipient is presumably Yoneko Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, May 20, 1942, typescript (ddr-csujad-42-46)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, May 20, 1942, typescript (ddr-csujad-42-46)
Japanese typescript of the letter: csudh_tak_0044. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_26_001_jpn
Letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, May 3, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-144)
doc Letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, May 3, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-144)
A copy of a letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration. It requests verification of Yoneko's incarceration and release dates. It appears that Yoneko fills out the template letter (csudh_tak_0143), adding her address at the time …
Declaration of eligibility by the spouse of a deceased eligible person identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-149)
doc Declaration of eligibility by the spouse of a deceased eligible person identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-149)
Attachment page 1 and the reverse side completed by Yoneko Takano. The forms were presumably attached to the letter sent from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, which is found in item: csudh_tak_0148. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, before August 14, 1942, English translation (ddr-csujad-42-60)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, before August 14, 1942, English translation (ddr-csujad-42-60)
English translation of the letter: csudh_tak_0059. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_31_001_eng
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 38 (July 29, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1270)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 38 (July 29, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1270)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, departure for incarceration camps, social events, nisei soldiers, an editorial on the right to vote, and the features ""Win, Place, and Show"", ""Post Time"", ""Story of the Week"", and ""Feminine Forum."" See …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 39 (September 2, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1271)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 39 (September 2, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1271)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, departure for incarceration camps, funerals, Heart Mountain housing, transfer regulations, an editorial on letters in the Arkansas Gazette, and the features ""Win, Place, and Show"", ""Post Time"", and ""Feminine Forum."" See this …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 31 (August 1, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1263)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 31 (August 1, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1263)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, coupons, regulations, model airplane contest, clothing allowances, an editorial on race-baiting, and the features "Win, Place, and Show" and "Story of the Week." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 19 (June 19, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1251)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 19 (June 19, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1251)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, grievances of camouflage net workers, paychecks, Father's Day events, parent-teacher association, "visitor house," an editorial on New York nisei, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California …
Credit memo, Lodging Dept. (ddr-csujad-55-862)
doc Credit memo, Lodging Dept. (ddr-csujad-55-862)
Card for lodging supply credits at Pomona Temporary Assembly Center. Issued to Shoji Nagumo. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0864
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 34 (August 15, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1266)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 34 (August 15, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1266)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, Gene W. Wilbur, a barber shop, nurses, paychecks, Yeiki Matsui, and the features "Win, Place, and Show", "Post Time", "Story of the Week", and "Feminine Forum." See this object in the California …
Postcard from Mrs. S. Yamamoto to Mrs. J. Waegell, May 9, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-58)
doc Postcard from Mrs. S. Yamamoto to Mrs. J. Waegell, May 9, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-58)
Handwritten correspondence from S. Yamamoto to Mrs. Waegell. Waegell is spelled as Weigell. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00062
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 9 (May 19, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1241)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 9 (May 19, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1241)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, special diets, boy scouts, an auto collision, "I am an American day," adult English classes, fire drills, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities …
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