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Temporary Assembly Centers

In spring 1942, the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) hastily prepared temporary "assembly centers" to house the individuals of Japanese ancestry who were removed from their homes after the signing of Executive Order 9066. The centers were surrounded by barbed-wire fences and patrolled by armed military police. People were housed in animal stalls and barracks with communal bathrooms and mess halls. After spending up to six months in the "assembly centers," Japanese Americans were moved inland to permanent concentration camps.

World War II (215)
Temporary Assembly Centers (175)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Assembly centers, Fresno (detention facility), Marysville (detention facility), Mayer (detention facility), Merced (detention facility), Owens Valley (detention facility), Parker Dam (detention facility), Pinedale (detention facility), Pomona (detention facility), Portland (detention facility), Puyallup (detention facility), Sacramento (detention facility), Salinas (detention facility), Santa Anita (detention facility), Sites of incarceration, Stockton (detention facility), Tanforan (detention facility), Tulare (detention facility), Turlock (detention facility)


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175 items
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 7 (May 12, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1239)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 7 (May 12, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1239)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, center population, check cashing, unemployment insurance, mother's day services, boy scouts, jobs, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 8 (May 15, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1240)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 8 (May 15, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1240)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, "self government," barrack inspection, fishing, unclaimed packages, banking system, victory gardens, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1242
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 12 (May 29, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1244)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 12 (May 29, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1244)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, boy scouts, memorial day services, medical calls, food, and center statistics, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1246
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 21 (June 27, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1253)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 21 (June 27, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1253)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, graduation, registration, schedule of events, an editorial on "victory volunteers," and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1255
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 20 (June 24, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1252)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 20 (June 24, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1252)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, graduation, a new mess hall system, war posters, clubs, camp news, an editorial on democracy, and the features "Feminine Forum" and "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 50 (October 7, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1276)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 50 (October 7, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1276)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, departure for Gila incarceration camp, the Santa Anita information office, services, and administration; clothing, social events, and the features "Feminine Forum" and "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California …
Letter from Kenneth Hori to George, May 29, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-2548)
doc Letter from Kenneth Hori to George, May 29, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-2548)
Correspondence from Kenneth Hori to George regarding Kenneth's move to Temporary Assembly Center in Fresno. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2655
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 37 (August 26, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1269)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 37 (August 26, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1269)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, departure for incarceration camps, sugar rations, immunizations, an editorial on the WRA, and the features "Feminine Forum", "Post Time", and "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 28 (July 22, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1260)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 28 (July 22, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1260)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, facilities hours, repatriation procedures, visitors, an editorial on racial superiority, and the features, "Win, Place, and Show" and "Feminine Forum." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 29 (July 25, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1261)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 29 (July 25, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1261)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, "Story of the Week," mess halls, music programs, weddings, diphtheria shots, editorials, and the features "Win, Place, and Show", "Post Time", "Story of the Week", and "Feminine Forum." See this object in …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 17 (June 12, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1249)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 17 (June 12, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1249)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, payday, War Bonds, an editorial on the American flag, mess halls, marriage, and the feature "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 36 (August 22, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1268)
doc Santa Anita pacemaker, vol. 1, no. 36 (August 22, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-1268)
Biweekly newspaper published at the Santa Anita Assembly Center from April through October 1942. Current issue includes information on recreational activities, religious services, sports, the evacuation of the Santa Anita Assembly Center, student relocation, and the features "Feminine Forum", "Post Time", and "Win, Place, and Show." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
doc Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
Outline for an academic social science study, the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS), led by the University of California of the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. Outline highlights area of administrative, social, political and personal areas to be studied by a team of researchers encamped with incarcerees. See this object in …
University of California, evacuation and settlement study: case history I (ddr-csujad-26-26)
doc University of California, evacuation and settlement study: case history I (ddr-csujad-26-26)
Correspondence regarding a profile of incarceree Harry Osaka written by Robert Spencer. The profile was taken during a trip to Fresno for Harry's mother's funeral with Spencer as the escort and includes Harry's life and family story, farm business before incarceration, religious practices, holiday practices, description of funeral. Profile included as part of the Japanese American …
An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part II (ddr-csujad-29-17)
av An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part II (ddr-csujad-29-17)
An oral history with Lillie Y. McCabe, an incarceree at the Santa Anita Temporary Assembly Center and the Granada (Amache) incarceration camp. This interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The interview covers the Anglo reverends and ministers who helped her while she was incarcerated at Amache, how …
Lillie McCabe (ddr-csujad-29-19)
img Lillie McCabe (ddr-csujad-29-19)
Photo of Lillie McCabe. Oral history audio and transcript are found in csufccop_jaoh_0030, csufccop_jaoh_0031, and csufccop_jaoh_0032. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 1949_P03
An Oral History with J.S. Kishiyama and Y. Kishiyama (ddr-csujad-29-3)
av An Oral History with J.S. Kishiyama and Y. Kishiyama (ddr-csujad-29-3)
Reflections of an elderly Orange County, California couple on their experiences in America. He recounts his years as an immigrant; she discusses her family background, makeup of Japanese-American community, and rural living. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, California State University, Fullerton; interview conducted by Pat Morgan. …
An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta (ddr-csujad-29-55)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta (ddr-csujad-29-55)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart …
An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part I (ddr-csujad-29-16)
av An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part I (ddr-csujad-29-16)
An oral history with Lillie Y. McCabe, an incarceree at the Santa Anita Temporary Assembly Center and the Granada (Amache) incarceration camp. This interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The interview covers her childhood in Hollister, California, her family background; moving to Los Angeles, California in 1920 …
An Oral History with John Yukio Mori (ddr-csujad-29-2)
av An Oral History with John Yukio Mori (ddr-csujad-29-2)
A Sansei and conscientious objector to the Vietnam war discusses alternate service as partner in Amerasia Bookstore, a nonprofit organization serving Los Angeles's Little Tokyo; activities in Young Buddhist Association; parent's reaction to his current life-style; and long term effect of World War II incarceration. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese Oral History Project …
Nisei/Kibbei questionnaire (ddr-densho-122-896)
doc Nisei/Kibbei questionnaire (ddr-densho-122-896)
Draft questionaire to be given at Camp Harmony to start segregation process proposed by JACL. Was not used, or not successful.
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