Exclusion orders

On February 19, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which allowed the military to exclude people from any location without a trial or hearing. While it did not name people of Japanese ancestry specifically, it was clearly aimed at them and was enforced accordingly. Under the authority of Executive Order 9066, General John DeWitt defined 108 exclusion areas throughout the West Coast, each containing approximately 1,000 Japanese Americans. The first exclusion orders were issued for Bainbridge Island, Washington on March 24, 1942. Orders were posted around town, informing all Japanese American residents of the impending mass removal. Individuals and families were given only one week to prepare. By the end of October 1942, all 108 exclusion orders had been issued, forcing over 110,000 Japanese Americans into concentration camps around the country.

World War II (216)
Mass removal ("evacuation") (622)
Exclusion orders (112)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Karl Bendetsen, Francis Biddle, Civilian exclusion orders, John DeWitt, Executive Order 9066, Executive Order 9066 (exhibition), Executive Order 9066: 50 Years Before and 50 Years After (exhibition), Leland Ford, Allen Gullion, John McCloy, Public Law 503, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Norman Thomas

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112 items
Three men standing in front of posted exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-83)
img Three men standing in front of posted exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-83)
Original WRA caption: Field laborers of Japanese ancestry in front of Wartime Civil Control Administration station where they have come for instructions and assistance in regard to their evacuation due in three days under Civilian Exclusion Order Number 24. This order affects 850 persons in this area. The men are now waiting for the truck which …
Japanese Americans registering for mass removal (ddr-densho-151-116)
img Japanese Americans registering for mass removal (ddr-densho-151-116)
Original caption: The full caption for this photograph reads: San Francisco, California. In response to the Army's Exclusion Order Number 20, residents of Japanese ancestry appear at Civil Control Station at 2031 Bush Street for registration. The evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Information Bulletin (January 3, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-47)
doc Information Bulletin (January 3, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-47)
Tule Lake Center informational bulletin regarding policies implemented as a result of Public Proclamation No. 21. Also includes a message from the Secretary of the Interior, Harold L. Ickes.
The Newell Star, Extra (December 19, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-45)
doc The Newell Star, Extra (December 19, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-45)
Selected article titles: "Coast Ban Lifted: War Department Revokes Exclusion Order Sunday" (p. 1), "Official Army Statement: Public Proclamation No. 21" (pp. 2-3), "A Message from WRA Director Dillon S. Myer" (pp. 4-5), and "Project Director's Statement" (p. 6).
Letter from C. Walter Borton and Homer L. Morris to Dear Friend, May 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-4)
doc Letter from C. Walter Borton and Homer L. Morris to Dear Friend, May 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-4)
Report to people who have contributed financial support for the Gordon Hirabayashi case on the hearing before the Supreme Court. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JAIC_1-07_02
Letter to Dear Friend from the Gordon Hirabayashi Defense Committee, January 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-3)
doc Letter to Dear Friend from the Gordon Hirabayashi Defense Committee, January 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-3)
Fundraising letter requesting contributions for taking Gordon Hirabayashi's case to the Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco. At the time of writing, Hirabayashi was imprisoned in King County, Washington. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JAIC_1-07_01
Letter encouraging activism in response to the exclusion order (ddr-csujad-45-92)
doc Letter encouraging activism in response to the exclusion order (ddr-csujad-45-92)
A letter asking the reader to write letters to government officials, Henry L. Stimson, Charles M. Bonesteel, and Dillon S. Myer to protest the continued incarceration of Japanese Americans. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMRC_01-06_002
American Concentration Camps VOLUME 2 January 1, 1942- February 19, 1942 (ddr-densho-372-2)
doc American Concentration Camps VOLUME 2 January 1, 1942- February 19, 1942 (ddr-densho-372-2)
Volume 2 divides into two sections. Description about this volume reads directly from the book as follows: The first section features archival documents that show chiefly how the decision to relocate the West Coast Japanese evolved from conflicting views both outside and inside the executive branch. The second section features reports of the Anti-Axis Committee, Los …
American Concentration Camps VOLUME 3 February 20, 1942- March 31, 1942 (ddr-densho-372-3)
doc American Concentration Camps VOLUME 3 February 20, 1942- March 31, 1942 (ddr-densho-372-3)
Volume 3 divides into 4 sections. Description about this volume reads directly from the book as follows: Section 1 contains archival documents from February 20, 1942 to March 19, 1942 regarding the basic decision of how to remove more than 100,000 human beings which was delegated to General De Witt and his staff. Section 2 contains …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2067 (November 2, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2067 (November 2, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-43)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Civil Rights Commission & 7 More Co-Sponsors for JACL Bills" (p. 1), "Goro Suzuki (1917-1979): Jack Soo Memorabilia at Smithsonian" (pp. 1-2), "President's Corner: Whaling Update" (p. 4), and "From the Frying Pan: Fuss over Nuclear Power / E.O. 9066" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 0238 (April 13, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 0238 (April 13, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-14)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Deportation of All Nisei After WW2 Discussed in 1943 Memo to Cordell Hull" (pp. 1, 5), "Japanese Executive Says: Lowering Trade Barrier Will Take Years" (p. 1), "Says Rep. Mineta: Gov. Brown Tactics 'Like 1942'" (pp. 2, 5), and "Comment, Letters, Features: On Becoming a True Citizen" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2031 (February 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2031 (February 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-7)
Selected article titles: "S.I. Would Back Efforts to Undo Curfew Rulings" (p. 1), "'College Nisei' Update Calling on Evacuees Not Questioned Before" (p. 2), "Calif. Legislature Condemns EO 9066" (p. 3), and "From the Frying Pan: Florida's Issei Colony" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 4 (July 23, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 4 (July 23, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-29)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Appellate Court Rules INS Raids Violate Constitutional Rights" (pp. 1, 3), "Kokekokko: 'Japanese Camps'" (p. 6), "Inouye's 6 Steps to Reduce Tensions for War" (p. 8), and "Chief Justice Warren and the Japanese Detention Cases" (pp. 8, 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 10 (March 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 10 (March 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-10)
Selected article titles: "Before Supreme Court: Seattle JACL Files Supporting Brief on Desegregating Schools" (pp. 1, 4), "Redress Phase 4: 'Direct' Individual Payment" (p. 2), "40th Anniversary of E.O. 9066 Proclamation: Silence: a 40-Year Cover-Up Conspiracy?" (p. 2), "From the Frying Pan: When Are Asian Americans Not a Minority?" (p. 5), and "Service to Community Undermines …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 7 (February 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 7 (February 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-7)
Selected article titles: "EO 9066 Proclaimed 40 Years Ago" (pp. 1-2), "Immigration Raids to Continue; Ten Aliens Voluntarily Go Home" (pp. 1, 8), "Redress Phase 3: Remembering 9066" (p. 2), and "School Discipline in Tokyo Falling" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 20 (May 22, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-20)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 20 (May 22, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-20)
Selected article titles: "House Subcommittee Gives Its Approval to Redress Bill" (p. 1, 8), "Reagan Announces Heritage Week and Asian Nomination" (p. 1), "Authors Comb Country for Camp Artists" (p. 2), and "Department of Justice?" (pp. 4-5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 12 (September 19, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 12 (September 19, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-37)
Selected article titles: "Dean Speaks at Tri-District: Seek 'Redress' for Evacuees" (p. 1), "Manuscript of Canada Nikkei History Written" (pp. 1, 3), "House Repeals E.O. 9066" (p. 1), and "Guest Column: Women in Japan" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 4 (January 30, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 4 (January 30, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-4)
Selected article titles: "JACL Anti-Defamation Chairman Denounces Hayakawa's Column" (p. 1), "Estimate 40,000 Vietnamese Will Be Living in California by June, 1976" (pp. 1-2), "Enomoto Faces Charge of Reverse Bias as State Affirmative Action Challenge" (p. 1), and "Editorials: Executive Order 9066" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 13 (April 2, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 13 (April 2, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-13)
Selected article titles: "'Tokyo Rose' Accusers Told to Lie" (pp. 1-2), "Seattle JACL Committee Started Move to Eliminate E.O. 9066" (p. 1), "Editorials: Supreme Court Decisions" (p. 2), and "'Go for Broke!' vs. 'Farewell to Manzanar'" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 9 (March 5, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 9 (March 5, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-9)
Selected article titles: "Need More Funds for Topaz Center Monument Project" (p. 1), "Lockheed 'Backwash': The Japanese Business Mind" (pp. 1-2), "Interview with Wendy" (pp. 1-2), and "Reflections on Evacuation (pp. 1, 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 23 (June 11, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 23 (June 11, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-23)
Biennium in Review Issue. Selected article titles: "Human Rights--Key Issues" (p. 1), "Executive Order 9066 Terminated" (p. 1), "Iva Toguri Support Grows" (pp. 1-2), and "National Dialogue: Interview with the National Director" (p. 2).
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