Exclusion orders

On February 19, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which allowed the military to exclude people from any location without a trial or hearing. While it did not name people of Japanese ancestry specifically, it was clearly aimed at them and was enforced accordingly. Under the authority of Executive Order 9066, General John DeWitt defined 108 exclusion areas throughout the West Coast, each containing approximately 1,000 Japanese Americans. The first exclusion orders were issued for Bainbridge Island, Washington on March 24, 1942. Orders were posted around town, informing all Japanese American residents of the impending mass removal. Individuals and families were given only one week to prepare. By the end of October 1942, all 108 exclusion orders had been issued, forcing over 110,000 Japanese Americans into concentration camps around the country.

World War II (66)
Mass removal ("evacuation") (156)
Exclusion orders (100)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Karl Bendetsen, Francis Biddle, Civilian exclusion orders, John DeWitt, Executive Order 9066, Executive Order 9066 (exhibition), Executive Order 9066: 50 Years Before and 50 Years After (exhibition), Leland Ford, Allen Gullion, John McCloy, Public Law 503, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Norman Thomas

100 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 4 (January 30, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 4 (January 30, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-4)
Selected article titles: "JACL Anti-Defamation Chairman Denounces Hayakawa's Column" (p. 1), "Estimate 40,000 Vietnamese Will Be Living in California by June, 1976" (pp. 1-2), "Enomoto Faces Charge of Reverse Bias as State Affirmative Action Challenge" (p. 1), and "Editorials: Executive Order 9066" (p. 2).
Jiro Sugidono Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1015-2-12)
vh Jiro Sugidono Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1015-2-12)
Division of town following the bombing of Pearl Harbor: "aliens" could not live on the west side
Kitako Izumizaki Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1015-3-10)
vh Kitako Izumizaki Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1015-3-10)
The aftermath of Pearl Harbor: Issei parents having to move because of restrictions
Peter Irons Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-16-4)
vh Peter Irons Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-16-4)
Events leading up to the signing of Executive Order 9066 (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or ...

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1012-2-7)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1012-2-7)
Circulating a written statement detailing reasons for resistance (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed ...

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-2-5)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-2-5)
Making the decision to defy the curfew (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in ...

Aiko Herzig Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-8-4)
vh Aiko Herzig Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-8-4)
Memories of the time leading up to mass removal

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Frank Kitamoto Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1001-25-6)
vh Frank Kitamoto Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1001-25-6)
Speculating as to why Bainbridge Island community was one of the first to be removed
George Azumano Interview Segment 15 (ddr-one-7-32-15)
vh George Azumano Interview Segment 15 (ddr-one-7-32-15)
Preparing for mass removal

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-153-40)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-153-40)
Coping with having bank assets frozen after the bombing of Pearl Harbor

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are similar to those who do identify themselves ...

Joe Ishikawa Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-205-15)
vh Joe Ishikawa Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-205-15)
Feelings upon finding out about mass removal: "I thought this is insane"
Kenge Kobayashi Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-37-3)
vh Kenge Kobayashi Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-37-3)
Curfew, contraband, and removal of persons from the "red zone" and the "yellow zone" in California
Kenge Kobayashi Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-37-4)
vh Kenge Kobayashi Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-37-4)
Removal of the persons from the "red zone," the "yellow zone" in California
Hideo Hoshide Interview I Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-184-34)
vh Hideo Hoshide Interview I Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-184-34)
Hearing about mass removal: "we just didn't believe that evacuation would actually happen"
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-18-16)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-18-16)
Defying the May '42 exclusion order, the last Japanese American in Seattle
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-18-17)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-18-17)
Handing oneself over to the FBI, and trying to accommodate a colonel's need to report "100% evacuated"
Earl Hanson Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-160-11)
vh Earl Hanson Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-160-11)
Finding out about the plans for mass removal of Japanese Americans on Bainbridge Island: "It kind of came as a shock to all of us"

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are ...

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