Exclusion orders

On February 19, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which allowed the military to exclude people from any location without a trial or hearing. While it did not name people of Japanese ancestry specifically, it was clearly aimed at them and was enforced accordingly. Under the authority of Executive Order 9066, General John DeWitt defined 108 exclusion areas throughout the West Coast, each containing approximately 1,000 Japanese Americans. The first exclusion orders were issued for Bainbridge Island, Washington on March 24, 1942. Orders were posted around town, informing all Japanese American residents of the impending mass removal. Individuals and families were given only one week to prepare. By the end of October 1942, all 108 exclusion orders had been issued, forcing over 110,000 Japanese Americans into concentration camps around the country.

Exclusion orders (97)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Karl Bendetsen, Francis Biddle, Civilian exclusion orders, John DeWitt, Executive Order 9066, Executive Order 9066 (exhibition), Executive Order 9066: 50 Years Before and 50 Years After (exhibition), Leland Ford, Allen Gullion, John McCloy, Public Law 503, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Norman Thomas

97 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 4 (January 30, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 4 (January 30, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-4)
Selected article titles: "JACL Anti-Defamation Chairman Denounces Hayakawa's Column" (p. 1), "Estimate 40,000 Vietnamese Will Be Living in California by June, 1976" (pp. 1-2), "Enomoto Faces Charge of Reverse Bias as State Affirmative Action Challenge" (p. 1), and "Editorials: Executive Order 9066" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 9 (March 5, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 9 (March 5, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-9)
Selected article titles: "Need More Funds for Topaz Center Monument Project" (p. 1), "Lockheed 'Backwash': The Japanese Business Mind" (pp. 1-2), "Interview with Wendy" (pp. 1-2), and "Reflections on Evacuation (pp. 1, 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2031 (February 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2031 (February 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-7)
Selected article titles: "S.I. Would Back Efforts to Undo Curfew Rulings" (p. 1), "'College Nisei' Update Calling on Evacuees Not Questioned Before" (p. 2), "Calif. Legislature Condemns EO 9066" (p. 3), and "From the Frying Pan: Florida's Issei Colony" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 7 (February 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 7 (February 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-7)
Selected article titles: "EO 9066 Proclaimed 40 Years Ago" (pp. 1-2), "Immigration Raids to Continue; Ten Aliens Voluntarily Go Home" (pp. 1, 8), "Redress Phase 3: Remembering 9066" (p. 2), and "School Discipline in Tokyo Falling" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 20 (May 22, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-20)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 20 (May 22, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-20)
Selected article titles: "House Subcommittee Gives Its Approval to Redress Bill" (p. 1, 8), "Reagan Announces Heritage Week and Asian Nomination" (p. 1), "Authors Comb Country for Camp Artists" (p. 2), and "Department of Justice?" (pp. 4-5).
Three men standing in front of posted exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-83)
img Three men standing in front of posted exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-83)
Original WRA caption: Field laborers of Japanese ancestry in front of Wartime Civil Control Administration station where they have come for instructions and assistance in regard to their evacuation due in three days under Civilian Exclusion Order Number 24. This order affects 850 persons in this area. The men are now waiting for the truck which ...
Aiko Herzig Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-8-4)
vh Aiko Herzig Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-8-4)
Memories of the time leading up to mass removal

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Jiro Sugidono Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1015-2-12)
vh Jiro Sugidono Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1015-2-12)
Division of town following the bombing of Pearl Harbor: "aliens" could not live on the west side
Kitako Izumizaki Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1015-3-10)
vh Kitako Izumizaki Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1015-3-10)
The aftermath of Pearl Harbor: Issei parents having to move because of restrictions
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-18-16)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-18-16)
Defying the May '42 exclusion order, the last Japanese American in Seattle
Kenge Kobayashi Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-37-3)
vh Kenge Kobayashi Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-37-3)
Curfew, contraband, and removal of persons from the "red zone" and the "yellow zone" in California
Joe Ishikawa Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-205-15)
vh Joe Ishikawa Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-205-15)
Feelings upon finding out about mass removal: "I thought this is insane"
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