Exclusion orders

On February 19, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which allowed the military to exclude people from any location without a trial or hearing. While it did not name people of Japanese ancestry specifically, it was clearly aimed at them and was enforced accordingly. Under the authority of Executive Order 9066, General John DeWitt defined 108 exclusion areas throughout the West Coast, each containing approximately 1,000 Japanese Americans. The first exclusion orders were issued for Bainbridge Island, Washington on March 24, 1942. Orders were posted around town, informing all Japanese American residents of the impending mass removal. Individuals and families were given only one week to prepare. By the end of October 1942, all 108 exclusion orders had been issued, forcing over 110,000 Japanese Americans into concentration camps around the country.

World War II (216)
Mass removal ("evacuation") (622)
Exclusion orders (112)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Karl Bendetsen, Francis Biddle, Civilian exclusion orders, John DeWitt, Executive Order 9066, Executive Order 9066 (exhibition), Executive Order 9066: 50 Years Before and 50 Years After (exhibition), Leland Ford, Allen Gullion, John McCloy, Public Law 503, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Norman Thomas

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112 items
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1012-2-7)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1012-2-7)
Circulating a written statement detailing reasons for resistance (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed …

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-2-5)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-2-5)
Making the decision to defy the curfew (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in …

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-18-17)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-18-17)
Handing oneself over to the FBI, and trying to accommodate a colonel's need to report "100% evacuated"
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-18-16)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-18-16)
Defying the May '42 exclusion order, the last Japanese American in Seattle
Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-153-40)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-153-40)
Coping with having bank assets frozen after the bombing of Pearl Harbor

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are similar to those who do identify themselves …

Joe Ishikawa Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-205-15)
vh Joe Ishikawa Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-205-15)
Feelings upon finding out about mass removal: "I thought this is insane"
Earl Hanson Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-160-11)
vh Earl Hanson Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-160-11)
Finding out about the plans for mass removal of Japanese Americans on Bainbridge Island: "It kind of came as a shock to all of us"

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are …

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