Exclusion orders

On February 19, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which allowed the military to exclude people from any location without a trial or hearing. While it did not name people of Japanese ancestry specifically, it was clearly aimed at them and was enforced accordingly. Under the authority of Executive Order 9066, General John DeWitt defined 108 exclusion areas throughout the West Coast, each containing approximately 1,000 Japanese Americans. The first exclusion orders were issued for Bainbridge Island, Washington on March 24, 1942. Orders were posted around town, informing all Japanese American residents of the impending mass removal. Individuals and families were given only one week to prepare. By the end of October 1942, all 108 exclusion orders had been issued, forcing over 110,000 Japanese Americans into concentration camps around the country.

World War II (216)
Mass removal ("evacuation") (622)
Exclusion orders (112)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Karl Bendetsen, Francis Biddle, Civilian exclusion orders, John DeWitt, Executive Order 9066, Executive Order 9066 (exhibition), Executive Order 9066: 50 Years Before and 50 Years After (exhibition), Leland Ford, Allen Gullion, John McCloy, Public Law 503, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Norman Thomas

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112 items
Civilian Exclusion Order No. 79 (ddr-densho-25-45)
doc Civilian Exclusion Order No. 79 (ddr-densho-25-45)
Prior to mass removal, exclusion areas were described in civilian exclusion orders posted by Lieutenant General John DeWitt of the Western Defense Command. Civilian Exclusion Area No. 79 included a portion of South King County, Washington. Maps detailing the prohibited area were also posted.
doc "Evacuation" instructions (ddr-densho-25-49)
Instructions for persons of Japanese ancestry preparing for mass removal.
Nisei helping to post exclusion orders (ddr-densho-34-46)
img Nisei helping to post exclusion orders (ddr-densho-34-46)
Some of the Nisei men on Bainbridge Island helped the soldiers hand out and post the exclusion notice that gave instructions for the exclusion of the Japanese American community on Bainbridge Island. Bainbridge Island, Washington was one of the first areas to be evacuated due to its proximity to the Puget Sound Naval Shipyards.
Soldiers posting exclusion orders (ddr-densho-36-28)
img Soldiers posting exclusion orders (ddr-densho-36-28)
Original museum cataloging information: Special instructions. Army's edict. Soldier nailing up placards containing Civilian Exclusion Order No. 1 and special instructions to all Japanese residents of Bainbridge Island, telling them exactly how they are to comply with evacuation decree. Based on information from the museum, it appears the exclusion orders were posted on or near March …
Three men looking at a mass removal map (ddr-densho-36-48)
img Three men looking at a mass removal map (ddr-densho-36-48)
Japanese Americans looking at a map of the mass removal districts. The map was posted at the Japanese American Citizens League office. Original Seattle Post-Intelligencer caption: "Marching orders; Japanese residents of Seattle studying a map in the office of the Japanese-American Citizen's League showing the areas from which all members of their race will be evacuated …
Travel Permit (ddr-densho-356-736)
doc Travel Permit (ddr-densho-356-736)
Yuriko Domoto Tsukada's travel permit to travel between Livingston and Modesto on May 1, 1942.
Exclusion order posted on telephone pole (ddr-densho-151-315)
img Exclusion order posted on telephone pole (ddr-densho-151-315)
Original caption: Sacramento, California. Scene in residential section of the Japanese quarter two days prior to evacuation. Note Civilian Exclusion Order posted on the telephone pole. Note also crated furniture on porch of corner house.
Japanese Americans registering for mass removal (ddr-densho-151-115)
img Japanese Americans registering for mass removal (ddr-densho-151-115)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. In response to the Army's Exclusion Order Number 20, residents of Japanese ancestry appear at Civil Control Station at 2031 Bush Street, for registration. The evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Posted exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-76)
img Posted exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-76)
Original WRA caption: San Francisco, California. Exclusion Order posted at First and Front Streets directing removal of persons of Japanese ancestry from the first San Francisco section to be effected by the evacuation.
Posted exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-77)
img Posted exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-77)
Original WRA caption: San Francisco, California. On a brick wall beside air raid shelter poster, exclusion orders were posted at First and Front Streets directing removal of persons of Japanese ancestry from first San Francisco section to be affected by evacuation. The order was issued April 1, 1942, by Lieutenant General J.L. DeWitt, and directed evacuation …
Exclusion orders posted in vacated restaurant (ddr-densho-151-127)
img Exclusion orders posted in vacated restaurant (ddr-densho-151-127)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Civilian Exclusion Order Number 5, ordering evacuation of residents of Japanese ancestry, posted in a vacant store window on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. This establishment, like many others in Chinatown, was operated by proprietors of Japanese descent. Evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Shoppers looking at posted exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-84)
img Shoppers looking at posted exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-84)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Saturday afternoon shoppers reading order directing evacuation of persons of Japanese ancestry. This store on Grant Avenue in Chinatown was vacated by an art dealer of Japanese descent. Evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Japanese Americans discussing exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-274)
img Japanese Americans discussing exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-274)
Original caption: Byron, California. Field laborers of Japanese ancestry from a large delta ranch have assembled at Wartime Civil Control Administration station to receive instructions for evacuation which is to be effective in three days under Civilian Exclusion Order Number 24. They are arguing together about whether or not they should return to the ranch to …
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