Exclusion orders

On February 19, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which allowed the military to exclude people from any location without a trial or hearing. While it did not name people of Japanese ancestry specifically, it was clearly aimed at them and was enforced accordingly. Under the authority of Executive Order 9066, General John DeWitt defined 108 exclusion areas throughout the West Coast, each containing approximately 1,000 Japanese Americans. The first exclusion orders were issued for Bainbridge Island, Washington on March 24, 1942. Orders were posted around town, informing all Japanese American residents of the impending mass removal. Individuals and families were given only one week to prepare. By the end of October 1942, all 108 exclusion orders had been issued, forcing over 110,000 Japanese Americans into concentration camps around the country.

Exclusion orders (97)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Karl Bendetsen, Francis Biddle, Civilian exclusion orders, John DeWitt, Executive Order 9066, Executive Order 9066 (exhibition), Executive Order 9066: 50 Years Before and 50 Years After (exhibition), Leland Ford, Allen Gullion, John McCloy, Public Law 503, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Norman Thomas

97 items
Copy of a letter to Mr. Turner and Mr. Sudde from Marlene Tonai, Chair of the Bay Area NCRR (November 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-14)
doc Copy of a letter to Mr. Turner and Mr. Sudde from Marlene Tonai, Chair of the Bay Area NCRR (November 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-14)
Copy of a letter to Mr. Turner and Mr. Sudde from Marlene Tonai, Chair of the Bay Area NCRR, Marlene Tonai (November 23, 1991).
Exclusion order posted on telephone pole (ddr-densho-151-315)
img Exclusion order posted on telephone pole (ddr-densho-151-315)
Original caption: Sacramento, California. Scene in residential section of the Japanese quarter two days prior to evacuation. Note Civilian Exclusion Order posted on the telephone pole. Note also crated furniture on porch of corner house.
Japanese Americans registering for mass removal (ddr-densho-151-116)
img Japanese Americans registering for mass removal (ddr-densho-151-116)
Original caption: The full caption for this photograph reads: San Francisco, California. In response to the Army's Exclusion Order Number 20, residents of Japanese ancestry appear at Civil Control Station at 2031 Bush Street for registration. The evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Exclusion orders posted in vacated restaurant (ddr-densho-151-127)
img Exclusion orders posted in vacated restaurant (ddr-densho-151-127)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Civilian Exclusion Order Number 5, ordering evacuation of residents of Japanese ancestry, posted in a vacant store window on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. This establishment, like many others in Chinatown, was operated by proprietors of Japanese descent. Evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
George Azumano Interview Segment 15 (ddr-one-7-32-15)
vh George Azumano Interview Segment 15 (ddr-one-7-32-15)
Preparing for mass removal

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 14 (April 9, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 14 (April 9, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-14)
Selected article titles: "Nixon Criticized for E.O. 9066 View" (p. 1), "'The Bamboo People': 'Tokyo Rose' Among Strandee Cases" (p. 1), "Another Side of Wendy" (pp. 1, 3), and "'Go for Broke!' vs. 'Farewell to Manzanar" (p. 3).
Japanese Americans discussing exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-274)
img Japanese Americans discussing exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-274)
Original caption: Byron, California. Field laborers of Japanese ancestry from a large delta ranch have assembled at Wartime Civil Control Administration station to receive instructions for evacuation which is to be effective in three days under Civilian Exclusion Order Number 24. They are arguing together about whether or not they should return to the ranch to ...
Posted exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-77)
img Posted exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-77)
Original WRA caption: San Francisco, California. On a brick wall beside air raid shelter poster, exclusion orders were posted at First and Front Streets directing removal of persons of Japanese ancestry from first San Francisco section to be affected by evacuation. The order was issued April 1, 1942, by Lieutenant General J.L. DeWitt, and directed evacuation ...
Frank Kitamoto Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1001-25-6)
vh Frank Kitamoto Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1001-25-6)
Speculating as to why Bainbridge Island community was one of the first to be removed
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-18-17)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-18-17)
Handing oneself over to the FBI, and trying to accommodate a colonel's need to report "100% evacuated"
Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-153-40)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-153-40)
Coping with having bank assets frozen after the bombing of Pearl Harbor

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are similar to those who do identify themselves ...

Letter from C. Walter Borton and Homer L. Morris to Dear Friend, May 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-4)
doc Letter from C. Walter Borton and Homer L. Morris to Dear Friend, May 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-4)
Report to people who have contributed financial support for the Gordon Hirabayashi case on the hearing before the Supreme Court. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JAIC_1-07_02
Letter to Dear Friend from the Gordon Hirabayashi Defense Committee, January 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-3)
doc Letter to Dear Friend from the Gordon Hirabayashi Defense Committee, January 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-3)
Fundraising letter requesting contributions for taking Gordon Hirabayashi's case to the Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco. At the time of writing, Hirabayashi was imprisoned in King County, Washington. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JAIC_1-07_01
doc "Evacuation" instructions (ddr-densho-25-49)
Instructions for persons of Japanese ancestry preparing for mass removal.
API