Mass removal ("evacuation")

On March 2, 1942, Public Proclamation No. 1 began to appear on telephone poles and buildings. This was the first official notice Japanese Americans had of their immediate removal from the West Coast. The notices stated that they had six or seven days to prepare, and were to take only what they could carry. They were not told where they would be taken. People rushed to sell or store, in one week, property and belongings acquired over a lifetime. Some families tucked their valuables away in their attic or basement and locked the door, hoping to return soon. On the appointed "evacuation" day, thousands of Japanese Americans gathered at designated locations, with the numbered identification tags they had been issued tied to their coats. Watched by curious onlookers, they were met by armed soldiers and transported in buses, private cars, and trains to sixteen temporary "assembly centers" in California, Washington, Oregon and Arizona.

World War II (215)
Mass removal ("evacuation") (621)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 (book)

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621 items
An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-56-1)
vh An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-56-1)
Chairman of Japanese American Cultural Center and former president of Japanese Chamber of Commerce recounts conditions of prewar Los Angeles's Little Tokyo, its wartime conversion into a black community, postwar reestablishment as a Japanese-American cultural and commercial center. Includes comments on discriminatory legislation, prewar Japan-American relations. World War II removal and incarceration, camp conditions, wartime repatriation …
An Oral History with Sumiye Takeno, Part I - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-59-1)
vh An Oral History with Sumiye Takeno, Part I - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-59-1)
An oral history with Sumiye Takeno, a current resident of Denver, Colorado. This interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The purpose of this interview was to gather information regarding Takeno's incarceration and resettlement experience during World War II. Specifically, the interview covers her childhood in Florin, California, …
An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 1 (July 4, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 1 (July 4, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-26)
Selected article titles: "Hearing on Aleut Redress Slated" (p. 1), "Seabrook: A Story of Resilience" (pp. 1, 8), "History Students Get First-Hand Account of Japanese American WW2 Experience" (p. 3), and "The PC Editor Search" (pp. 5, 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 16 (April 25, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 16 (April 25, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-16)
Selected article titles: "Bay Area Conference to Examine Ways to Deal with Rise in Anti-Asian Violence" (p. 1), "Garden Dedicated to Issei Pioneers" (p. 3), "By the Board: Staff, Power and Influence" (pp. 4, 8), and "From the Frying Pan: Six Who Were Rescued" (p. 5).
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, May 25, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-150)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, May 25, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-150)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing an identified person who was forced to evacuate and incarcerated during the war and is potentially eligible for the compensation. It informs of the the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 and …
Letter from Wayne Tracy, Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano, June 22, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-146)
doc Letter from Wayne Tracy, Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano, June 22, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-146)
A letter issued by Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano in response to her request for verification of her incarceration and release dates during the war. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_004
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-147)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-147)
A letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice to the correspondent, presumably Yoneko Takano, who requests the information on restitution payments. Also includes a letter issued by National Archives and Records Administration to verify the detention of Fumio Fred Takano in the incarceration camp during the war. The …
Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-151)
doc Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-151)
Attachment pages 1-3, "Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration," completed by Yoneko Takano. The documents were presumably attached to the letter sent from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, which is found in item: csudh_tak_0150. See this …
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-142)
doc Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-142)
A copy of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form to locate persons of Japanese ancestry who were forced to evacuate and were incarcerated during the war. The form is completed by Fumio Fred Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_76_002
Letter from the White House (ddr-csujad-42-155)
doc Letter from the White House (ddr-csujad-42-155)
An official apology letter signed by President George H. W. Bush which accompanied the redress payment check. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_013
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to the spouse of a deceased eligible individual, April 7, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-148)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to the spouse of a deceased eligible individual, April 7, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-148)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing the spouse of a deceased Japanese American who was forced to evacuate and incarcerated during the war. It informs of the the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 and instructs to submit …
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, November 6, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-152)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, November 6, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-152)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing a recipient, who is presumably Yoneko or Mariko Takano. It notifies that the recipient's eligibility for a redress payment has been finalized and a check will be sent to the recipient …
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-154)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-154)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing a recipient who is a spouse of a deceased eligible for the redress payment. The recipient is presumably Yoneko Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Letter from Philip R. Ward Sr., Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Mariko Hirashima, May 31, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-145)
doc Letter from Philip R. Ward Sr., Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Mariko Hirashima, May 31, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-145)
A letter issued by Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to verify Mariko Morllie Hirashima's incarceration and release dates during the war. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_003
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-141)
doc Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-141)
A copy of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form to locate persons of Japanese ancestry who were forced to evacuate and were incarcerated during the war. The form is completed by Yoneko Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_76_001
Letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, May 3, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-144)
doc Letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, May 3, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-144)
A copy of a letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration. It requests verification of Yoneko's incarceration and release dates. It appears that Yoneko fills out the template letter (csudh_tak_0143), adding her address at the time …
Declaration of eligibility by the spouse of a deceased eligible person identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-149)
doc Declaration of eligibility by the spouse of a deceased eligible person identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-149)
Attachment page 1 and the reverse side completed by Yoneko Takano. The forms were presumably attached to the letter sent from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, which is found in item: csudh_tak_0148. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Bulletin, no. 2 (March 18, 1942): Instructions governing voluntary movement of Japanese from Los Angeles to Owens Valley (ddr-csujad-42-156)
doc Bulletin, no. 2 (March 18, 1942): Instructions governing voluntary movement of Japanese from Los Angeles to Owens Valley (ddr-csujad-42-156)
An issue of "Bulletin" titled: Instructions governing voluntary movement of Japanese from Los Angeles to Owens Valley. It informs of details regarding the forced evacuation scheduled on March 23, 1942, including baggage to be taken, meals to be served, and travels by rail and motor convey. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Letter from Kent Syverud, Assistant Professor, University of Michigan Law School, to Professor Yuzuru John Takeshita, September 23, 1987 (ddr-csujad-55-258)
doc Letter from Kent Syverud, Assistant Professor, University of Michigan Law School, to Professor Yuzuru John Takeshita, September 23, 1987 (ddr-csujad-55-258)
Correspondence from Kent Syverud to Professor Yuzuru John Takeshita regarding the Japanese American incarceration during World War II and redress. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0260
70,000 American refugees (ddr-csujad-55-337)
doc 70,000 American refugees (ddr-csujad-55-337)
Pamphlet describing the evacuation and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. The author calls for readers to take action against the unjust treatment of Japanese Americans. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0339
Japanese American student relocation: an American challenge (ddr-csujad-55-366)
doc Japanese American student relocation: an American challenge (ddr-csujad-55-366)
Pamphlet covering the work and goals of the National Japanese American Student Relocation Council. Includes roster of council members. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0368
Notes on forced removal and expenses (ddr-csujad-55-2408)
doc Notes on forced removal and expenses (ddr-csujad-55-2408)
Notes about the Nakamura family's forced removal from Marysville, California and the expenses incurred as part of the removal. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2514
Relocation of persons of Japanese ancestry in the United States: some causes and effects (ddr-csujad-55-338)
doc Relocation of persons of Japanese ancestry in the United States: some causes and effects (ddr-csujad-55-338)
Article describing the political and sociological implications of the Japanese incarceration during World War II written from the perspective of an anthropologist. Reprinted from Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0340
Day of remembrance 1990: a promise fulfilled (ddr-csujad-55-2691)
doc Day of remembrance 1990: a promise fulfilled (ddr-csujad-55-2691)
Pamphlet of 1990 day of remembrance sponsored by Japanese American Citizens' League. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2855
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