Mass removal ("evacuation")

On March 2, 1942, Public Proclamation No. 1 began to appear on telephone poles and buildings. This was the first official notice Japanese Americans had of their immediate removal from the West Coast. The notices stated that they had six or seven days to prepare, and were to take only what they could carry. They were not told where they would be taken. People rushed to sell or store, in one week, property and belongings acquired over a lifetime. Some families tucked their valuables away in their attic or basement and locked the door, hoping to return soon. On the appointed "evacuation" day, thousands of Japanese Americans gathered at designated locations, with the numbered identification tags they had been issued tied to their coats. Watched by curious onlookers, they were met by armed soldiers and transported in buses, private cars, and trains to sixteen temporary "assembly centers" in California, Washington, Oregon and Arizona.

World War II (231)
Mass removal ("evacuation") (675)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 (book)

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675 items
An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-56-1)
vh An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-56-1)
Chairman of Japanese American Cultural Center and former president of Japanese Chamber of Commerce recounts conditions of prewar Los Angeles's Little Tokyo, its wartime conversion into a black community, postwar reestablishment as a Japanese-American cultural and commercial center. Includes comments on discriminatory legislation, prewar Japan-American relations. World War II removal and incarceration, camp conditions, wartime repatriation …
An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart …
An Oral History with Sumiye Takeno, Part I - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-59-1)
vh An Oral History with Sumiye Takeno, Part I - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-59-1)
An oral history with Sumiye Takeno, a current resident of Denver, Colorado. This interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The purpose of this interview was to gather information regarding Takeno's incarceration and resettlement experience during World War II. Specifically, the interview covers her childhood in Florin, California, …
Letter from Amy Morooka to Violet Sell (ddr-densho-457-2)
doc Letter from Amy Morooka to Violet Sell (ddr-densho-457-2)
Amy Morooka writes to Violet Sell about her experiences during mass removal and arriving at Tulare Assembly Center. She details her journey with her mother and the support they received from their church community along the way.
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 30 (April 22, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-16)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 30 (April 22, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-16)
"NVC to Show 442nd Film" (p. 1), "U.S. Navy Now Admits Nisei" (p. 1), "Three Judges Hear Case of Mrs. Bouiss" (p. 1), "Two Wholesale Evacuations: American and Canadian" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 68, No. 19 (May 9, 1969) (ddr-pc-41-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 68, No. 19 (May 9, 1969) (ddr-pc-41-19)
Select article titles: "Kleindienst's alleged remarks on detention camp dismays Inouye" (p. 1); "JACL letter to Inouye on Title II repeal placed into Congressional Record" (p. 1); "Teachers realize AJA community not all docile, of diverse views" (p. 1); "'Orientals in America' ethnic course initiated at UCLA; JACLer to appear as guest panelist next week" (p.2); …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 4 (July 22, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 4 (July 22, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-29)
Select article titles: "Better Housing Law Sought by Cal Republican" (p. 1); "U.S. Supreme Court Justice Tom Clark regreat Evacuation" (p. 1); "The Civil Rights 'Duration'" (p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 20 (November 11, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 20 (November 11, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-45)
Select article titles: "SJR 20 wins in close race" (p. 1); "Coordinator of House tribute to Nisei veterans to be guest at MIS reunion" (p. 1); "Retired Chief Justice Gibson labels Evacuation as black page in history" (p. 2); "New Yorker article on Evacuation cited" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 26 (December 23-30, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 26 (December 23-30, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-51)
Select article titles: "Why leadership of Japanese community at time of Evacuation fell upon JACL" (p. A1); "Order of Evacuation Brings on One of America's Greatest Swindles" (p. A3); "The Closing of Manzanar" (p. B1); "Worthy Partners for Building Peace" (p. Supplement 1); "Immigration, Evacuation Claims, Civil Rights" (p. B17). The holiday issue included advertisements bought …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 15 (April 9, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 15 (April 9, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-15)
Selected article titles: "Brown Supports Braoder Voter Rights Measures" (p.1), Evacuation Would Be Invalid under Present Court: Kido" (p.1), "U.S. Growers Must Compete for Domestic Workers, Says Wirtz" (p.1), "History Project: Boom and Bust of Berry Growers" (p.1-2), "What's Wrong with Anti-Poverty Program-House Task Force to Seek Answers" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No.1 (July 6, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No.1 (July 6, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-27)
Selected article titles: "Congressman Walter Announces Policy Study on Immigration" (p.1, 4), "'Popularity' of Honolulu's Japanese Community Leadership Regarded as Grim Political Factor in Inouye's Senate Race" (p.1, 3), "History Project Support Hits Minimum Goal, Now $109,000" (p.1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 6 (August 10, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 6 (August 10, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-32)
Selected article titles: "JACL Fears Bill to Tax-Exempt Claims May Be Pigeonholed" (p.1), "Jewish Press Raises Issue Against IRS on Taxing Evacuation Claim Awards" (p.1-2), "Nisei Week Festival Launches 22nd Edition; 10 Vie for Queenship" (p.1), "Chinese American Judge Hears Case Suing County Grand Jury System Bans Negroes" (p.3), "Memorial Service to Enshrine 3,000 Nisei War …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 9 (March 1, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 9 (March 1, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-9)
Selected article titles: "Washington Newsletter: Senator Inouye vs. Cloture" (pp. 1-2), "Fruitful Interim Board Meeting Ends" (pp. 1, 4), "Why I Am Not a JACLer" (p. 2), and "By the Board: Sansei Embarrassed by Evacuation" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50 No.5 (January 29, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-5)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50 No.5 (January 29, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-5)
Select article titles: "Youth program fundamental aim in JACL's next decade" (p.1); "Housing Bias in Southland Told to Commission" (p. 3); "Oakland JACL in surprise testimonial to charter member Fred Nomura, who was indignant at thought of being evacuated" (p.5); "JACL urges Senate committee to approve federal registrars for voting; support recommendation of civil rights body" …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 24 (June 16, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 24 (June 16, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-24)
Selected article titles: "JACL Objects to Proposed Rules of Equal Employment" (p. 1), "Fair Housing Bill Dies in California Senate Committee" (p. 1), "'Command Decision': Evacuation, Part 3" (p. 1), and "New York JACL Report: 'Open Letter' to Prospective and Current Members" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 23 (June 9, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 23 (June 9, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-23)
Selected article titles: "'Command Decision': Evacuation, Part 2" (p. 1), "Memorial Day Rites at Golden Gate Taped for Japan TV" (p. 3), and "Sacramento JACL Wins Nisei Olympics, Four Lightweight Division Records Broken" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 24 (December 15, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-50)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 24 (December 15, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-50)
Selected article titles: "Washington Newsletter: American Image of Japan" (p. 1), "Final Report of U.S. Civil Rights Commission Urges All Branches of Government to Exert More Effort and Leadership Against Bias" (p. 1), "American Legion Press Release Recalls Hysteria Against Nisei in Pearl Harbor Feature; Tells of Heroism and Loyalty During War" (p. 3), and "Lesson …
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