Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (215)
Leaving camp (262)
Returning home (1010)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

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1010 items
Portland Rose Festival Parade Float-
img Portland Rose Festival Parade Float- "The Phaeton" (ddr-one-1-548)
Color slide of a float driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Blue Eagle Café on the corner of NW Second Ave. The float is of a phaeton style carriage made of white flowers with a blue flowers on the trim and red flowers for the wheels. Two horses made of white …
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-285)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-285)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers in flower hats performing an Odori folk dance at Obon. Woman in center of image is identified as Masano Hachiya Yamasaki. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Northwest Methodist Rally Portland (ddr-one-1-322)
img Northwest Methodist Rally Portland (ddr-one-1-322)
Black and white photographic negative of the attendees of the Northwest Methodist Rally in Portland on November 23-25, 1951. Inscription on negative reads "Northwest methodis Rally Portla Nov. 23-25, 1951." The group is posed in front of the old Epworth Methodist Church building. Front row left to right starting third from left: Rupert Fujii, Shig Tada, …
Reed College (ddr-one-1-361)
img Reed College (ddr-one-1-361)
Black and white photographic print of Carlos Ogimi and other students sitting at drawing table working on an unknown project. Carlos is the first seated student on the right, everyone else is unidentified. This photographic negative was taken at Reed College where Carlos was a student. Negative ONLC 3181 (ddr-one-1-363).
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-240)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-240)
Black and white photographic negative of six Obon dancers posing for the camera with arms held up wearing straw hats. From left to right: Shizuko "Shiz" (Ochiai) Ota Okazaki, Jean (Tsujimura) Takashima, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita, Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando, and Eddie Tamiyasu. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist …
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 45
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 45 "Pendleton Roundup" (ddr-one-1-157)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 45 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd gathered outside the Shoreline Hotel, Anchor Inn, and Sailors Union of the Pacific. On the side of the float is an image of a bronco rider with a caption "let 'em buck." Five women ride on the float, four …
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-6)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-6)
Black and white photographic negative of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Back Row (left to right): Elsie Okazaki, Agnes (Inouye) Kitayama, Atsuko “Alice” Kida, Atsuko “Alice” (Matsumoto) Ando, Nami (Miura) Koida, Kimi Wakabayashi, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, and Betty Nakashimada. Middle Row (left to right): Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Kathleen …
Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) Odori Performance (ddr-one-1-407)
img Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) Odori Performance (ddr-one-1-407)
Black and white photographic negative of two unidentified dancers with fans performing an Odori folk dance on stage for Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) inside the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple). Two woman sit on stage in western style clothes, one playing a shamisen.
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-200)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-200)
Black and white photographic negative of unidentified Obon dancers performing in front of a crowd seated on benches. Paper lanterns visible above. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. This image was taken at Holladay Park in Portland, Oregon.
Portland Rose Festival Parade Float-
img Portland Rose Festival Parade Float- "Fort Vancouver" (ddr-one-1-545)
Color slide of a float in the Rose Festival Parade driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Shoreline Hotel. The float has two children, one dressed in a Native American costume holding a purple ribbon, the other in frontiersman costume with a coonskin cap. The pair are sitting in a canoe in …
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-24)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-24)
Black and white photographic negative of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Back Row (left to right): Elsie Okazaki, Agnes (Inouye) Kitayama, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando, Nami (Miura) Koida, Kimi Wakabayashi, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Masae "Elsie" (Morita) Onishi, and Betty Nakashimada. Middle Row (left to right): Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Kathleen …
Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-71)
img Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-71)
Color slide of Grace (Sakano) Robbs posing for the camera in a kimono at a Odori (traditional Japanese folk dance) performance.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 7
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 7 "Jack and Jill" (ddr-one-1-478)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 7 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd gathered outside Bekins Storage, a sign for Edwards Furniture is visible in background. The float depicts the nursery rhyme "Jack and Jill." Two children sit on the float acting the parts of Jack and Jill. A well is on …
Reed College (ddr-one-1-357)
img Reed College (ddr-one-1-357)
Black and white photographic print of Ayame Ogimi and her brother Carlos Ogimi staring at a large document or drawing on a table in front of them. This photograph was taken at Reed College where Ayame and Carlos where both students. Negative ONLC 3177 (ddr-one-1-359).
Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-385)
img Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-385)
Black and white photographic negative of a group sitting around a picnic table eating food at a community picnic at Viking Park hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). From left to right: Shizuko "Shiz" (Ochiai) Ota Okazaki, Mura Kaga, Shoji Kiyomura, Nobyo Sato, and Hideo "Dates" Ouchida.
Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-264)
img Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-264)
Black and white photographic negative of an unidentified woman posing for the camera at Obon. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Sorelles Beach Outing (ddr-one-1-399)
img Sorelles Beach Outing (ddr-one-1-399)
Black and white photographic negative of Yoji Kiso (left) and Shig Tada (right) sitting in the sand at the Oregon Coast at a beach outing planned by the Sorrelles (a high school social group).
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-203)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-203)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers in a partial circle in front of a crowd that circles around the dancers. Obon dancers inner circle starting from the right: Tomi Tsujimura, Patricia “Pat” (Ikata) Iboshi, Noboru Takashima, Shizuko "Shiz" (Ninomiya) Onishi, and others unidentified. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church …
Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-386)
img Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-386)
Black and white photographic negative of two people sitting at a picnic table during a community picnic at Viking Park hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). From left to right: Ben Kasubuchi, and Mary (Okita) Kasubuchi.
Dance (ddr-one-1-100)
img Dance (ddr-one-1-100)
Black and white photographic negative of couples dancing together at an informal dance, possibly a Sorelles (a high school social group) event. Women seated along wall from left to right: Beti ann (Minamoto) Wantroba, May (Ebihara) Gelfand, Betty Ishida, Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, and Loretta (Fujii) Kaneko. Dancing on the far left is Betty Nakashimada and …
Oregon Buddhist Church 50th Anniversary Celebration  Procession (ddr-one-1-54)
img Oregon Buddhist Church 50th Anniversary Celebration Procession (ddr-one-1-54)
Color slide of procession past US Custom House in Northwest Portland of women in kimonos or yukatas and men in dark suits. They are followed by Gene Sugimura carrying a purple banner with gold trim and the white emblem of the Wheel of Dharma in the center. From left to right: Janice (Matsunaga) Okamoto, Patricia “Pat” …
Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-68)
img Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-68)
Color slide of three people outside performing Odori (traditional Japanese folk dance) at night in traditional Japanese dress. On far right is Grace (Tachibana) Ishikawa.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 8
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 8 "Sacajawea" (ddr-one-1-501)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 8 driving down SW Third Ave in front of a large crowd gathered outside a Signal gas station and San Francisco Tailor, behind the Signal gas station is the old Multnomah Hotel. The float has four visible riders, two men dressed as American frontiersmen and two women dressed in …
Portland Rose Festival Parade Float-
img Portland Rose Festival Parade Float- "Truck" (ddr-one-1-164)
Color slide of a Rose Festival Parade float that is pulled by two black horses down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside W.L. Reid Company Building Hardware Specialties. Children ride on the float with a woman dressed in a pilot's outfit standing in front. A man with a St. Bernard hold the reins to …
Third Annual Oregon Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance- Couples seated (ddr-one-1-120)
img Third Annual Oregon Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance- Couples seated (ddr-one-1-120)
Black and white photographic negative of couples sitting around two tables at the Third Annual Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance at McElroy's Ballroom in Portland, Oregon. The couples are chatting and drinking, one of the bottles has a 7-up label. Couple in the center identified as Lillian (Wong) Okazaki and Mino Okazaki. Woman in front on …
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