Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (215)
Leaving camp (261)
Returning home (1010)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

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1010 items
Pelican (ddr-one-1-542)
img Pelican (ddr-one-1-542)
Color slide of a pelican perched on a rock. Image was most likely at the Portland Zoo in Washington Park (later moved to its current location from what is now the Japanese Gardans and renamed Oregon Zoo). According to donor processed on June 14, 1964.
Obon Festival- Mayoral speech (ddr-one-1-254)
img Obon Festival- Mayoral speech (ddr-one-1-254)
Black and white photographic negative of Portland Mayor Dorothy McCullough Lee speaking at Obon. Playing the taiko drum is Henry Matsunaga. Behind the drum is Tom Shigeto Tamiyasu. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-29)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-29)
Black and white photographic print of a wedding between Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto. The couple is kneeling before Reverend Francis Hayashi. Bridal Party from Left to Right: Yoichi "Jack" Nomi, Keso Kuwahara, Tamaye (Fujiwara) Nomi and Lilly (Kobayashi) Irinaga.
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-250)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-250)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers performing in front of a crowd. From left to right in foreground: Ruth Saito, Kathleen "Kathie" Haruko (Matsuda) Sato, and Grace (Tachibana) Ishikawa. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community..
Portland Rose Festival Parade Float-
img Portland Rose Festival Parade Float- "Hot Cross Buns" (ddr-one-1-494)
Color slide of the Bakers of Oregon Rose Festival Parade float as it drives down SW Third Ave in front of a large crowd gathered outside a Signal gas station and San Francisco Tailor, behind the Signal gas station is the old Multnomah Hotel.. On the float ride two women in pink dresses and white bonnets, …
Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-281)
img Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-281)
Black and white photographic negative of Masano Hachiya Yamasaki posing for the camera at Obon. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-318)
img Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-318)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers rehearsing an Odori folk dance inside Norse Hall in Northeast Portland. Obon dancers from left to right: Shig Yuzuriha, Hiro Okayama, Yonezo Fujii, and Tom Shigeo Tamiyasu. First seated women in the audience on far left is Sakae (Fujii) Ando. Obon is an annual event hosted by the …
Valentine's Day potluck at Oregon Buddhist Church (ddr-one-1-60)
img Valentine's Day potluck at Oregon Buddhist Church (ddr-one-1-60)
Color slide of young women filling plates at a Valentine's Day potluck at Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). From left to right: Kathleen "Kathie" Haruko (Matsuda) Sato, unidentified, Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Jean Matsumoto, and Michiko (Masuoka) Nishioka.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Military Band (ddr-one-1-148)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Military Band (ddr-one-1-148)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Grant Hotel. A military band rides on the back of the float. In front are a group of men dressed as clowns, one man is holding a blue ribbon. The Rose Festival Parade is an annual event in …
Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-372)
img Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-372)
Black and white photographic negative of three Nisei girls sitting on a blanket at a community picnic at Viking Park hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). From left to right: unidentified, Phyllis Midori (Ando) Muramatsu, and Betty Nakashimada.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Marching Band (ddr-one-1-142)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Marching Band (ddr-one-1-142)
Color slide of drum majorettes in white uniforms leading a marching band in blue-gray uniforms along the Rose Festival parade route down W Burnside past a crowd gathered outside the Shoreline Hotel and Cafe. The Rose Festival Parade is an annual event in which floats are made out of flowers and paraded down the streets of …
Obon Festival- Children dancers (ddr-one-1-262)
img Obon Festival- Children dancers (ddr-one-1-262)
Black and white photographic negative of unidentified young Obon dancers sitting on grass in front of photographers. One girl appears to be eating a snack. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-293)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-293)
Black and white photographic negative of two Obon dancers holding "uchiwa" (fan) and smiling for the camera indoors. From left to right: Kuni Kitayama and Chiyoko Yoshihara. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-234)
img Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-234)
Black and white photographic negative of Harue Akiyama, the Obon dance instructor, posing for camera wearing straw hat. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. This image was taken at Holladay Park in Portland, Oregon.
Nisei at Epworth United Methodist Church (ddr-one-1-337)
img Nisei at Epworth United Methodist Church (ddr-one-1-337)
Black and white photographic negative of about ten Nisei at Epworth United Methodist Church in Portland, Oregon. The Nisei are gathered around a table looking at a leaflet together. Standing on the far right side of the table holding a leaflet up is Miriam (Koyama) Kiso. Back row from left to right: Toyse "Toy" Miura and …
Nisei (ddr-one-1-299)
img Nisei (ddr-one-1-299)
Black and white photographic negative of nine Nisei smiling for the camera indoors. Women from left to right: all unidentified except fifth from the left, Irene (Fujii) Mano. Men back row left to right: unidentified, Yoichi “Cannon” Kitayama, and Shorty Kaga. Man in front: Ned Maeda.
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-13)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-13)
Original black and white photographic print of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Back Row (left to right): Elsie Okazaki, Beti ann (Minamoto) Wantroba, Jean Matsumoto, Lillian (Niimi) Mikariya, Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Kathleen “Kathie” Haruko (Matsuda) Sato, Frances (Kinoshita) Mayeda, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, and Mitsy (Kiyomura) Takeoka. Third Row: Nami (Miura) Koida, Miriam …
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Margaret Whiting and Marching Band (ddr-one-1-173)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Margaret Whiting and Marching Band (ddr-one-1-173)
Color slide of a car with a female passenger in a fur coat and sign reading "Margaret Whiting". The car is followed by a marching band in green uniforms and three baton twirlers in white uniforms marching the Portland Rose Festival Parade. They are traveling down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Riverfront …
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-291)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-291)
Black and white photographic negative of Patricia “Pat” (Ikata) Iboshi dancing an Odori folk dance at Obon. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community..
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-277)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-277)
Black and white photographic negative of two lines of Obon dancers performing an Odori folk dance. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 9
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 9 "Central Labor Council" (ddr-one-1-500)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 9 driving down SW Third Ave in front of a large crowd gathered outside a Signal gas station and San Francisco Tailor, behind the Signal gas station is the old Multnomah Hotel. The float has eight visible women in gowns sitting around the float. Two men in dark suits …
YBA Tacoma Baseball Team (ddr-one-1-28)
img YBA Tacoma Baseball Team (ddr-one-1-28)
Black and white photographic negative of a Japanese American baseball team in uniforms that read "YBA". The team has been identified as from Tacoma, Washington. First from the right in the front row: Ted Taniguchi, First from the right in the back row: Stogie Kawabata.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 6
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 6 "Nursery Land" (ddr-one-1-479)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 6 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd gathered outside Bekins Storage, a sign for Edwards Furniture is visible in background. On the float is large numbered letter blocks and a teddy bear. Women sit on the corners of the float, one waving a red ribbon. A …
Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-376)
img Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-376)
Black and white photographic negative of Nisei playing cards at a community picnic at Viking Park hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). From left to right: Alfred Tsutomu Ando, and Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 29
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 29 "Paul Bunyan and Babe" (ddr-one-1-518)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 29 driving down SW Third Ave in front of a large crowd gathered outside a Signal gas station and San Francisco Tailor, behind the Signal gas station is the old Multnomah Hotel. The float has a large flower depiction of Paul Bunyan and his ox Babe. Three women dressed …
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