Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (216)
Leaving camp (262)
Returning home (1029)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

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1029 items
Nisei Duet (ddr-one-1-342)
img Nisei Duet (ddr-one-1-342)
Black and white photographic negative of two unidentified Nisei women singing next to a piano. This photograph may have been taken during the Northwest Methodist Rally.
Oregon Buddhist Church Annual Lotus Bazaar- Bingo Table (ddr-one-1-108)
img Oregon Buddhist Church Annual Lotus Bazaar- Bingo Table (ddr-one-1-108)
Black and white photographic negative of a group of people playing bingo at the Oregon Buddhist Church's Annual Lotus Bazaar. Sitting left to right: unidentified, Shig Yuzuriha, Shiz (Fujita) Inaba, Lily (Tsujimura) Hongo Fujita, remaining unidentified. The Oregon Buddhist Church is now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple. For print please see ONLC 4948 (ddr-one-1-719)
Young Buddhist League Convention Court and Queen (ddr-one-1-26)
img Young Buddhist League Convention Court and Queen (ddr-one-1-26)
Black and white photographic print of the Fourth Annual Northwest Young Buddhist League's Convection Court and Queen. Left to Right: Mae (Okazaki) Sasaki of Tacoma, Washington; Margaret Tomoguchi of Seattle, Washington; Mary (Nakata) Fujii of Portland, Oregon (Queen); Sumi (Hashimoto) Kurokawa, and Takako Nitta of Spokane, Washington. This photograph was found in Frank Hirahara's memorabilia of …
Reed College (ddr-one-1-359)
img Reed College (ddr-one-1-359)
Black and white photographic negative of Ayame Ogimi and her brother Carlos Ogimi staring at a large document or drawing on a table in front of them. This photograph was taken at Reed College where Ayame and Carlos were both students. Original print ONLC 3175 (ddr-one-1-357).
Methodist Banquet (ddr-one-1-344)
img Methodist Banquet (ddr-one-1-344)
Black and white photographic negative of guests at a banquet held inside a church. Guest seated along right side of table in foreground from left to right: May (Ebihara) Gelfand, Rose Namba, unidentified, Loretta (Fujii) Kaneko, unidentified, Betty Ishida, and Jayne (Katada) Furukawa. All other guests unidentified. Sign behind the pulpit reads: "Just a Happy Smile: …
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-31)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-31)
Original black and white photographic print of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto's wedding taken from above and behind. Negative ONLC 2815. (ddr-one-1-42)
Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-283)
img Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-283)
Black and white photographic negative of an unidentified Obon dancer posing for the camera at Obon. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-35)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-35)
Original black and white photographic print of Bride and Groom, Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto and Sam Sakamoto, smiling for the camera. Print is a portrait of the couple.
Oregon Buddhist Church 50th Anniversary Celebration Chigo Procession (ddr-one-1-48)
img Oregon Buddhist Church 50th Anniversary Celebration Chigo Procession (ddr-one-1-48)
Color slide of the Chigo "Children's" Procession to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). Children are dressed in traditional Japanese children's ceremonial costumes and walk in a line down a street in front of the US Custom House in Northwest Portland. They are following Tom Shigeto …
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-201)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-201)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers, children hold small Japanese and American flags, adult holds wooden blocks, in front of a crowd. Adult Obon dancer identified as Harue Akiyama (the Odori teacher). Crowd standing on the right side of a large wooden pole: second from the left is Ruby (Takashima) Sumino, third from the …
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-9)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-9)
Black and white photographic negative of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Back Row (left to right): Elsie Okazaki, Anges (Inouye) Kitayama, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Atsuko “Alice” (Matsumoto) Ando, Nami (Miura) Koida, Kimi Wakabayashi, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, and Betty Nakashimada. Middle Row (left to right): Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Kathleen …
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 10
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 10 "Blowing Bubbles" (ddr-one-1-476)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 10 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd gathered outside the Grant and Shoreline Hotels. The float is made of pink and white flowers with two female riders sitting and waving to the crowd. The side of the float reads "U.S. National Bank," the front reads "Blowing …
Nisei on stage (ddr-one-1-346)
img Nisei on stage (ddr-one-1-346)
Black and white photographic negative of four Nisei standing on a stage, two additional Nisei sitting to the side. The four standing Nisei are each holding an object- possibly performing some kind of skit. From left to right: Miriam (Koyama) Kiso, Eugene Hayashi, Rose Namba, Nami (Miura) Koida, Toyse "Toy" Muira, and Ko Tambara. This photograph …
Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) Odori Performance (ddr-one-1-408)
img Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) Odori Performance (ddr-one-1-408)
Black and white photographic negative of an unidentified Odori dancer performing with a woven basket in hand on stage for Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) inside the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple).
Nisei women (ddr-one-1-345)
img Nisei women (ddr-one-1-345)
Black and white photographic negative of three women standing in front of a piano possibly singing, two women seated to the side listening. From left to right: Jayne (Katada) Furukawa, Betty Ishida, Beti ann (Minamoto) Wantroba, May (Ebihara) Gelfand, and Lillian (Niimi) Mikariya. This photograph may have been taken during the Northwest Methodist Rally.
Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) Odori Performance (ddr-one-1-403)
img Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) Odori Performance (ddr-one-1-403)
Black and white photographic negative of an Odori folk dance performance on the stage for Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) at Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). From left to right: Mary (Nakata) Fujii, Shiz (Fujita) Inaba, Hanako Terakawa Tamura, unidentified, and Sakae Kobayashi.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 22
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 22 "Pacific Telephone" (ddr-one-1-488)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 22 driving down SW Third Ave in front of a large crowd gathered outside a Signal gas station and San Francisco Tailor, behind the Signal gas station is the old Multnomah Hotel. The float is made of red and black flowers, with two young girls dressed as a Native …
Adelphons Group Photo (ddr-one-1-2)
img Adelphons Group Photo (ddr-one-1-2)
Black and white photographic negative of the Adelphons, a young women's service group of the Portland Chapter of the Japanese American Citizen's League, in formal attire. Back Row (left to right): Sumiko “Sue” (Kawasaki) Fujino, unidentified, Minnie (Oyama) Abe, Ochiyo (Nishioka) Hasuike, unidentified, Mary (Furusho) Iwasaki, Tamae "Butch" Yamamoto, Kathryn (Kawata) Niita, Irene (Kawata) Nakagawa, Sophie …
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-241)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-241)
Black and white photographic negative of six Obon dancers posing for the camera with one arm touching straw hats. From left to right: Shizuko "Shiz" (Ochiai) Ota Okazaki, Jean (Tsujimura) Takashima, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita, Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando, and Eddie Tamiyasu. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church …
Oregon Buddhist Church Bingo (ddr-one-1-422)
img Oregon Buddhist Church Bingo (ddr-one-1-422)
Black and white photographic negative of a bingo game with prizes displayed in the center. Event is hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now know as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). From left to right: Aki (Shiraishi) Dong, Mary (Nakata) Fujii, Mitsy (Kiyomura) Takeoka, Ben Kasubuchi, unidentified, unidentified, James “Jim” Mamoru Fujii, Susie "Jinx" (Tamiyasu) Fujii carrying …
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 4 Queen and Court (ddr-one-1-143)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 4 Queen and Court (ddr-one-1-143)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 4 with the Rose Festival Queen and Court on red and white float driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd gathered outside W.L. Reid Company Building Hardware Specialties and the Riverside Hotel. An advertisement for Chevrolet is visible in the background on the side of the Portland …
Tractors (ddr-one-1-452)
img Tractors (ddr-one-1-452)
Color slide of two parked John Deere tractors in a field, appears to be an old John Deere 1940s model M and a newer 1950s Model A with a fork loader attached to the front. According to donor processed on June 20, 1951. For black and white negative please see ONLC 4821, for black and white …
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-8)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-8)
Original black and white photographic print of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Back Row (left to right): Elsie Okazaki, Anges (Inouye) Kitayama, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Atsuko “Alice” (Matsumoto) Ando, Nami (Miura) Koida, Kimi Wakabayashi, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, and Betty Nakashimada. Middle Row (left to right): Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, …
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 11
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 11 "The Calliope" (ddr-one-1-137)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 11 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside W.L. Reid Company Building Hardware Specialties. Float depicts a calliope with a player dressed as a clown on top. Three female riders sit up front in short poofy dresses, one holds a blue ribbon while the other two …
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 23
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 23 "Fountain of Youth" (ddr-one-1-517)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 23 driving down SW Third Ave in front of a large crowd gathered outside a Signal gas station and San Francisco Tailor, behind the Signal gas station is the old Multnomah Hotel. The float depicts a Spanish conquistadors discovering the fountain of youth under a pink willow tree. The …
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