Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (66)
Leaving camp (128)
Returning home (941)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

941 items
Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet (ddr-one-1-421)
img Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet (ddr-one-1-421)
Black and white photographic negative of guests at the Northwest Buddhist Convention banquet dinner in the basement of the Seattle Buddhist Church. Flag with the Wheel of Dharma is visible in hanging in the background. Sitting second from the left at table in foreground: Sumiye (Fukei) Kato, others unidentified.
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-263)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-263)
Black and white photographic negative of Grace (Sakano) Robbs dancing at Obon. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Nisei Duet (ddr-one-1-342)
img Nisei Duet (ddr-one-1-342)
Black and white photographic negative of two unidentified Nisei women singing next to a piano. This photograph may have been taken during the Northwest Methodist Rally.
Oregon Buddhist Church Annual Lotus Bazaar- Bingo Table (ddr-one-1-108)
img Oregon Buddhist Church Annual Lotus Bazaar- Bingo Table (ddr-one-1-108)
Black and white photographic negative of a group of people playing bingo at the Oregon Buddhist Church's Annual Lotus Bazaar. Sitting left to right: unidentified, Shig Yuzuriha, Shiz (Fujita) Inaba, Lily (Tsujimura) Hongo Fujita, remaining unidentified. The Oregon Buddhist Church is now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple. For print please see ONLC 4948 (ddr-one-1-719)
Young Buddhist League Convention Court and Queen (ddr-one-1-26)
img Young Buddhist League Convention Court and Queen (ddr-one-1-26)
Black and white photographic print of the Fourth Annual Northwest Young Buddhist League's Convection Court and Queen. Left to Right: Mae (Okazaki) Sasaki of Tacoma, Washington; Margaret Tomoguchi of Seattle, Washington; Mary (Nakata) Fujii of Portland, Oregon (Queen); Sumi (Hashimoto) Kurokawa, and Takako Nitta of Spokane, Washington. This photograph was found in Frank Hirahara's memorabilia of …
Reed College (ddr-one-1-359)
img Reed College (ddr-one-1-359)
Black and white photographic negative of Ayame Ogimi and her brother Carlos Ogimi staring at a large document or drawing on a table in front of them. This photograph was taken at Reed College where Ayame and Carlos were both students. Original print ONLC 3175 (ddr-one-1-357).
Methodist Banquet (ddr-one-1-344)
img Methodist Banquet (ddr-one-1-344)
Black and white photographic negative of guests at a banquet held inside a church. Guest seated along right side of table in foreground from left to right: May (Ebihara) Gelfand, Rose Namba, unidentified, Loretta (Fujii) Kaneko, unidentified, Betty Ishida, and Jayne (Katada) Furukawa. All other guests unidentified. Sign behind the pulpit reads: "Just a Happy Smile: …
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-31)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-31)
Original black and white photographic print of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto's wedding taken from above and behind. Negative ONLC 2815. (ddr-one-1-42)
Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-283)
img Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-283)
Black and white photographic negative of an unidentified Obon dancer posing for the camera at Obon. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-35)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-35)
Original black and white photographic print of Bride and Groom, Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto and Sam Sakamoto, smiling for the camera. Print is a portrait of the couple.
Oregon Buddhist Church 50th Anniversary Celebration Chigo Procession (ddr-one-1-48)
img Oregon Buddhist Church 50th Anniversary Celebration Chigo Procession (ddr-one-1-48)
Color slide of the Chigo "Children's" Procession to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). Children are dressed in traditional Japanese children's ceremonial costumes and walk in a line down a street in front of the US Custom House in Northwest Portland. They are following Tom Shigeto …
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-201)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-201)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers, children hold small Japanese and American flags, adult holds wooden blocks, in front of a crowd. Adult Obon dancer identified as Harue Akiyama (the Odori teacher). Crowd standing on the right side of a large wooden pole: second from the left is Ruby (Takashima) Sumino, third from the …
Adelphons Group Photo (ddr-one-1-1)
img Adelphons Group Photo (ddr-one-1-1)
Original black and white photographic print of the Adelphons, a young women's service group of the Portland Chapter of the Japanese American Citizen's League, in formal attire. Back Row (left to right): Sumiko “Sue” (Kawasaki) Fujino, unidentified, Minnie (Oyama) Abe, Ochiyo (Nishioka) Hasuike, unidentified, Mary (Furusho) Iwasaki, Tamae "Butch" Yamamoto, Kathryn (Kawata) Niita, Irene (Kawata) Nakagawa, …
Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet (ddr-one-1-419)
img Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet (ddr-one-1-419)
Black and white photographic negative of six women preparing the Northwest Buddhist Convention banquet dinner in the kitchen of the Seattle Buddhist Church. From left to right: Kiyo (Ishikawa) Harada, May Matsumoto, Noriko (Ichikawa) Kurashige, Betty Kurimoto Yamasaki, and Irene (Yamauchi) Tatsuta.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 14
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 14 "To the Ball Game" (ddr-one-1-546)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 14 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Blue Eagle Café on the corner of NW Second Ave. The float is of a streetcar decorated in white, yellow and purple flowers. A conductor drives the streetcar while passengers sit inside the streetcar. The front of …
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 43
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 43 "The Ugly Duckling" (ddr-one-1-509)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 43 driving down SW Third Ave in front of a large crowd gathered outside a Signal gas station and San Francisco Tailor, behind the Signal gas station is the old Multnomah Hotel. The float is made of blue flowers and has a small black cygnet in front of a …
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-32)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-32)
Original black and white photographic print of Bride and Groom, Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto and Sam Sakamoto, in front of the alter standing at an angle to the camera.
Reed College (ddr-one-1-355)
img Reed College (ddr-one-1-355)
Black and white photographic negative of siblings Carlos Ogimi and Ayame Ogimi at Reed College, where they both attended school.
Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-232)
img Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-232)
Black and white photographic negative of Harue Akiyama, the Obon dance instructor, posing for camera wearing straw hat. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. This image was taken at Holladay Park in Portland, Oregon.
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-11)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-11)
Original black and white photographic print of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Back Row (left to right): Elsie Okazaki, Anges (Inouye) Kitayama, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Atsuko “Alice” (Matsumoto) Ando, Nami (Miura) Koida, Kimi Wakabayashi, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, and Betty Nakashimada. Middle Row (left to right): Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, …
Third Annual Oregon Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance- Couple seated (ddr-one-1-124)
img Third Annual Oregon Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance- Couple seated (ddr-one-1-124)
Original black and white photographic print of couple sitting at table at the Third Annual Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance at McElroy's Ballroom in Portland, Oregon. The couple is smiling for the camera. From left to right: Bob Luck and Doris Chan. Negative ONLC 2940 (ddr-one-1-123).
Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-298)
img Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-298)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers rehearsing an Odori folk dance inside Norse Hall in Northeast Portland. Dancers form two lines in front of a small seated audience on the floor and in the balcony. Adult male Obon dancers on far right of image identified from right to left: Arthur Ojiro “Art” Sasaki, Reverend …
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Marine Color Guard (ddr-one-1-506)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Marine Color Guard (ddr-one-1-506)
Color slide of a formal four man Marine Corps Color Guard in dress blues marching in the Portland Rose Festival Parade carrying the American and Marine Corps flags. They are marching on SW Third Ave past a crowd gathered in front of a Signal gas station and San Francisco Tailor, behind the Signal gas station is …
Northwest Buddhist Convention (ddr-one-1-430)
img Northwest Buddhist Convention (ddr-one-1-430)
Black and white photographic negative of two Nisei women standing holding binders and notepads in front of a chalkboard at the Northwest Buddhist Convention in Seattle, Washington at the Seattle Buddhist Church. Woman on the right identified as Yasuko Hashimoto.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 10
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 10 "Blowing Bubbles" (ddr-one-1-476)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 10 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd gathered outside the Grant and Shoreline Hotels. The float is made of pink and white flowers with two female riders sitting and waving to the crowd. The side of the float reads "U.S. National Bank," the front reads "Blowing …
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