442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
Award ceremony (ddr-densho-114-67)
img Award ceremony (ddr-densho-114-67)
Original caption: Lt. Gen. Lucian K Truscott, Jr., CG, U.S. Fifth Army, salutes after fastening the Presidential Distinguished Unit Citation Banner to the guidon of Co. L, 3rd Bn., 442nd Japanese-American Combat Team, at a ceremony at Leghorn, Italy. 9/4/45.
A mother receiving posthumous award (ddr-densho-114-147)
img A mother receiving posthumous award (ddr-densho-114-147)
Original caption: Honolulu, T.H. Mrs. Risaku Kanaya is presented the Silver Star Medal posthumously awarded her son, Pvt. Walter E. Kanaya, for gallantry in action near Bruyeres, France, 17 October 1944, with the 2nd Bn., 442nd Infantry, as Mr. Kanaya stands with her. Chaplain (Colonel) Corwin H. Olds, CPBC, makes the presentation at 1521 Young St., ...
Nisei soldiers in jeep (ddr-densho-114-88)
img Nisei soldiers in jeep (ddr-densho-114-88)
Original caption: FRANCE. A jeep mounted with a heavy machine gun battles the mud of a French road as it pulls a trailer. Japanese-American troops of the 2nd Bn. 442nd Combat Team, fight in France. 13 October 1944.
Wounded Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-118-4)
img Wounded Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-118-4)
Tosh Yasutake is at the 45th General Hospital in Napoli, Italy.
Nisei couple in a cemetery (ddr-densho-105-17)
img Nisei couple in a cemetery (ddr-densho-105-17)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota and wife at the 442nd Regimental Combat Team's 50th Anniversary of the Liberation of the Battle of Biffontaine, France. This ceremony was held at the Quequement Cemetery.
Nisei couple in front of tour bus (ddr-densho-105-16)
img Nisei couple in front of tour bus (ddr-densho-105-16)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota and wife Cherrie at the 442nd Regimental Combat Team's 50th Anniversary of the Liberation of the Battle of Biffontaine, France.
Nisei mortar crew (ddr-densho-114-21)
img Nisei mortar crew (ddr-densho-114-21)
Original caption: A Japanese-American mortar crew at their position, somewhere in France. One of the crew drops an 81 mm shell into the barrel of the mortar. Combat team, 2nd Bn., H Co. 11/17/44. 442nd Regt. St. Die area.
Hawaiian Nisei veteran presenting lei (ddr-densho-114-186)
img Hawaiian Nisei veteran presenting lei (ddr-densho-114-186)
Original caption: Colonel Joseph P. Sullivan, Sixth Army Quartermaster, represents General Mark W. Clark, CG, Sixth Army, at a ceremony where Sam Kinoshita, Nisei veteran of the 442nd Combat Team, holds Hawaiian lei of 1,100 individual flowers, which is on route to Paris to be placed on the tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the Arch ...
Nisei technicians working on calculations (ddr-densho-114-98)
img Nisei technicians working on calculations (ddr-densho-114-98)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. In the Fire Direction Center of the 522nd Field Artillery, 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, Lt. George S. Meany, Greenwich, Conn., Left, works with his Japanese American crew. In the center is T/Sgt. Shuichi, Sakamoto, Lihue, Kauai, Hawaii, calculating vertical control and S/Sgt. Yuki Ahaki, Modesto Calif., at the horizontal control, ...
Nisei memorial service (ddr-densho-114-597)
img Nisei memorial service (ddr-densho-114-597)
This memorial service, held at the First Methodist Church, is for 442nd Regimental Combat Team soldiers killed in action in Europe.
442nd Regimental Combat Team squad leader (ddr-densho-114-4)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team squad leader (ddr-densho-114-4)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A squad leader looks for German movements in the valley 200 yards away. Snow, rain and mud make life miserable for these Japanese-American front line troops. Company "F", 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Nisei soldiers marching (ddr-densho-114-182)
img Nisei soldiers marching (ddr-densho-114-182)
Original caption: Vada Area, Italy. Men of Company H, 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Regiment, U.S. Fifth Army, march through Vada to the area where Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark will present the Presidential Citation for outstanding action in combat to the 100th Inf. Bn., composed of American troops of Japanese descent. 27 July 1944.
442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-107)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-107)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Mississippi, Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of ...
Activation ceremony (ddr-densho-114-16)
img Activation ceremony (ddr-densho-114-16)
Original caption: Kahului, Maui. T. H. Major Lloyd C. Kaapana, CO, 3rd DN., 442 Inf. Regt., delivers an address during the ceremony activating company F, 442nd Inf. Regt. in the Organized Reserve Corps. 11 October 1945.
T/Sgt. Tom Nagata (ddr-densho-338-195)
img T/Sgt. Tom Nagata (ddr-densho-338-195)
Caption on reverse: "T/SGT Tom Nagata / Pacific Citizen / Japanese-American Citizen's League / Salt Lake City, Utah."
Soldier portrait (ddr-densho-323-1)
img Soldier portrait (ddr-densho-323-1)
Portrait of Fred Shiosaki in uniform; a brief note for home is written on the front to his parents, and the date is written on the back.
Ernest Uno Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-7-7)
vh Ernest Uno Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-7-7)
The spirit and camaraderie of the soldiers in the 442nd Regimental Combat Team

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of ...

James Lovell Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1007-12-3)
vh James Lovell Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1007-12-3)
Response to accusations that the 100th Battalion was overused or 'expendable' (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of ...

Mitsuye May Yamada - Joe Yasutake - Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 73 (ddr-densho-1000-135-73)
vh Mitsuye May Yamada - Joe Yasutake - Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 73 (ddr-densho-1000-135-73)
Difficult period for mother in camp after one son had volunteered for army, and two other children were leaving camp to attend college
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