Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

Education (774)

774 items
El Chaparral (1945) (ddr-densho-291-19)
doc El Chaparral (1945) (ddr-densho-291-19)
The 1945 yearbook for Miles E. Cary High School.
Min Tonai Interview I Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-354-27)
vh Min Tonai Interview I Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-354-27)
Attending school in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Robert Coombs Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-146-17)
vh Robert Coombs Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-146-17)
Description of the incarcerated children working out on neighboring sugar beet farms; physical description of school conditions
Robert Coombs Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-146-19)
vh Robert Coombs Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-146-19)
Description of a typical day of teaching in Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho
[Minutes of the regular meeting of the divisional responsible men and the Co-ordinating committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 10, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-24)
doc [Minutes of the regular meeting of the divisional responsible men and the Co-ordinating committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 10, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-24)
Meeting minutes of incarceree-led Tule Lake Camp government. Described vandalism and profanity incidents within the schools and camp clean-up and fire protection. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0024
Adult education program (ddr-csujad-7-16)
img Adult education program (ddr-csujad-7-16)
Advertisement and schedule of courses for adult education at the Amache incarceration camp. Text in English and Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_The Adult Education Program
Granada Pioneer, Edition 2, Issue 21, January 15, 1944 (ddr-csujad-17-9)
doc Granada Pioneer, Edition 2, Issue 21, January 15, 1944 (ddr-csujad-17-9)
Newspaper published at the Granada incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JARC_02-07_04
Granada Pioneer, Vol. I, No.61, May 1, 1943 (ddr-csujad-17-7)
doc Granada Pioneer, Vol. I, No.61, May 1, 1943 (ddr-csujad-17-7)
Newspaper published at the Granada incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JARC_02-04_01
1944 Resume (ddr-csujad-5-304)
1944 Resume (ddr-csujad-5-304)
A high school yearbook titled "1944 Resume." Published by the Class of 1944, Rohwer Center High School in the Rohwer incarceration camp, Arkansas. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_07_09_001
Personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-38)
doc Personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-38)
Journal entries written by high school students discussing their observations and perspectives on a variety of topics including classes, class discussions, assignments, grades, exams, homework and studying, interclass sports, graduation, dances, and a carnival fundraiser for yearbook. Each entry includes the full date and student name. The entries were part of a class assignment and collected ...
High school English (ddr-csujad-26-85)
img High school English (ddr-csujad-26-85)
A crowded classroom filled with students taking notes. Caption on back of photograph reads, "High school English." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_022
Two boys writing (ddr-csujad-26-92)
img Two boys writing (ddr-csujad-26-92)
Two young Japanese American boys doing schoolwork write in notebooks. A chalkboard is blurred in the background. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_029
Letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from his daughter Miriam Kiyo Koyama (ddr-one-5-16)
Letter dated June 21, 1942, from Miriam Kiyo Koyama to her father Kei Koyama. She wishes him a happy Father's Day, tells him that she joined 4H, and hopes that next year they will be together for Father's Day.
Minidoka Classmates (ddr-one-5-68)
img Minidoka Classmates (ddr-one-5-68)
Black and white photographic print of 11 girls standing outside a barrack at Minidoka posing for a picture. Three girls in the foreground are holding books.
Kou Uyemaruko (ddr-csujad-8-81)
doc Kou Uyemaruko (ddr-csujad-8-81)
Oral history interview with Kou Uyemaruko [Ko Uemaruko]. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Uyemaruko, Kou
Masao Araki (ddr-csujad-8-4)
doc Masao Araki (ddr-csujad-8-4)
Oral history interview with Masao Araki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Araki, Masao
Misae Oku receiving instruction from instructor, Mrs. Sadako Yasue (ddr-csujad-14-22)
img Misae Oku receiving instruction from instructor, Mrs. Sadako Yasue (ddr-csujad-14-22)
Misaye [Misae] Oku receiving instruction from instructor, Mrs. Sadako Yasue, in sewing class at Rohwer incarceration camp. March 7, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_022
Japanese American school class photograph (ddr-densho-26-93)
img Japanese American school class photograph (ddr-densho-26-93)
Minidoka school class photograph. Written on back "Mrs. Yanagiharu 7 cents April 1945"
Ninth grade classroom at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-21)
img Ninth grade classroom at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-21)
Ninth grade classroom at Rohwer incarceration camp. Teacher is Mrs. M.H. Ziegler. November 24, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_021
Evacuation and resettlement study, structural report, section II: the first six months at Tule Lake: social changes and a chronology of events (ddr-csujad-26-4)
doc Evacuation and resettlement study, structural report, section II: the first six months at Tule Lake: social changes and a chronology of events (ddr-csujad-26-4)
Report chronicling the first six months Tule Lake camp including the establishment of community activities, employment, schools, and barracks infrastructure. Describes challenges of adjusting to life in camp often using direct quotations from incarcerees to express struggles amid social and cultural groups as well as conflicts and strikes. Several events are also described including a description ...
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