Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

Education (782)

782 items
Painting of a scene at Manzanar Grammar School (ddr-manz-2-45)
img Painting of a scene at Manzanar Grammar School (ddr-manz-2-45)
Caption on reverse: "First graders at Manzanar Grammar School."
Senior class wills (ddr-manz-9-11)
doc Senior class wills (ddr-manz-9-11)
"Wills" written by the Manzanar High School class of 1945.
Three people wearing graduation camp and gowns (ddr-manz-10-136)
img Three people wearing graduation camp and gowns (ddr-manz-10-136)
Original caption: "Min Imai, me, Harry Kikuta, Merritt Gardens, 1944."
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 23 (December 2, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 23 (December 2, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-47)
Selected article titles: "Supreme Court Refuses Appeal from Young-Chin" (p.1), "Nisei Growers/Pickers in Wage Row" (p.1, 5), "Schools Built by Evacuees at Poston I and II to Be Razed" (p.1), "When Sachio Left Town, Even the Cows Were Blue" (p.3), "Anti-Minority Backlash" (p.4).
API